Ching Shih

1775 - 1844

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Zheng Yi Sao (born Shi Yang; c. 1775–1844), also known as Shi Xianggu, Shek Yeung and Ching Shih, was a Chinese pirate leader active in the South China Sea from 1801 to 1810. Born as Shi Yang in 1775 to humble origins, she married a pirate named Zheng Yi at age 26 in 1801. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Ching Shih has received more than 2,515,779 page views. Her biography is available in 42 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 37 in 2019). Ching Shih is the 16th most popular pirate (down from 14th in 2019), the 327th most popular biography from China (down from 221st in 2019) and the most popular Chinese Pirate.

Ching shih is most famous for her naval victories and the establishment of her pirate empire.

Memorability Metrics

  • 2.5M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 60.70

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 42

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 3.04

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.74

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among pirates, Ching Shih ranks 16 out of 29Before her are François l'Olonnais, William Kidd, Henry Every, Sextus Pompey, Benjamin Hornigold, and Charles Vane. After her are Edward England, Jan Janszoon, Stede Bonnet, Samuel Bellamy, Piet Pieterszoon Hein, and Thomas Tew.

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Among people born in 1775, Ching Shih ranks 13Before her are Eugène François Vidocq, Bahadur Shah Zafar, Carlota Joaquina of Spain, Paul Johann Anselm Ritter von Feuerbach, Adam Albert von Neipperg, and Georg Friedrich Grotefend. After her are François-Adrien Boieldieu, Étienne-Louis Malus, Matthew Lewis, Antoine Charles Louis de Lasalle, Farkas Bolyai, and Teréz Brunszvik. Among people deceased in 1844, Ching Shih ranks 13Before her are Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart, Ivan Krylov, Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, Charles Nodier, and Flora Tristan. After her are Jernej Kopitar, Henri Gatien Bertrand, Grand Duchess Alexandra Nikolaevna of Russia, Princess Luisa Carlotta of Naples and Sicily, Carl Bernhard von Trinius, and Princess Cecilia of Sweden.

Others Born in 1775

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Others Deceased in 1844

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In China

Among people born in China, Ching Shih ranks 327 out of 1,610Before her are Tonyukuk (646), 12th Dalai Lama (1857), Li Zongren (1890), Emperor He of Han (79), Li Dazhao (1889), and Lao She (1899). After her are Princess Wencheng (628), Emperor Ai of Han (-27), Huiyuan (334), Huang Chao (801), Emperor An of Han (94), and Zhu Wen (852).

Among PIRATES In China

Among pirates born in China, Ching Shih ranks 1After her are Cheung Po Tsai (1783).