Mulla Sadra

1571 - 1636

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Ṣadr ad-Dīn Muḥammad Shīrāzī, more commonly known as Mullā Ṣadrā (Persian: ملا صدرا; Arabic: صدر المتألهین; c. 1571/2 – c. 1635/40 CE / 980 – 1050 AH), was a Persian Twelver Shi'i Islamic mystic, philosopher, theologian, and ‘Ālim who led the Iranian cultural renaissance in the 17th century. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Mulla Sadra has received more than 417,446 page views. His biography is available in 31 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 29 in 2019). Mulla Sadra is the 387th most popular philosopher (down from 359th in 2019), the 131st most popular biography from Iran (down from 117th in 2019) and the 10th most popular Iranian Philosopher.

Mulla Sadra is most famous for his philosophy of “Transcendent theosophy” which is a fusion of the ideas of Plato and Aristotle. Mulla Sadra argued that there are two levels of reality: the world of the intellect and the world of nature. The world of the intellect is the realm of pure thought, while the world of nature is the realm of matter. For Mulla Sadra, the world of the intellect is superior to the world of nature because it is eternal and unchanging.

Memorability Metrics

  • 420k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 61.94

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 31

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 3.78

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.39

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among philosophers, Mulla Sadra ranks 387 out of 1,267Before him are Plutarch of Athens, Saadia Gaon, Karl Rahner, George Santayana, J. L. Austin, and E. H. Carr. After him are Paul Tillich, Peter Singer, Étienne Gilson, Heinrich Rickert, Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, and Damascius.

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Among people born in 1571, Mulla Sadra ranks 9Before him are Abbas the Great, Frederick de Houtman, Hasekura Tsunenaga, Emperor Go-Yōzei, Michael Praetorius, and Thomas Mun. After him are Ferdinand, Prince of Asturias, Willem Blaeu, Charles, Duke of Guise, Charles Bonaventure de Longueval, 2nd Count of Bucquoy, Paulus Moreelse, and Pietro Aldobrandini. Among people deceased in 1636, Mulla Sadra ranks 4Before him are Pieter Brueghel the Younger, Date Masamune, and Santorio Santorio. After him are Dong Qichang, Sendivogius, Stefano Maderno, Iskandar Muda, Augustus the Elder, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, John Albert II, Gregorio Fernández, and Barbara Sophie of Brandenburg.

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In Iran

Among people born in Iran, Mulla Sadra ranks 131 out of 631Before him are Vologases I of Parthia (1), Sultan Husayn (1668), Tahmasp II (1704), Istakhri (850), Anastasius of Persia (550), and Artavasdes II of Armenia (-100). After him are Sibawayh (760), Jahan Shah (1397), Piruz Nahavandi (700), Safi-ad-din Ardabili (1252), Ali Shariati (1933), and `Abdu'l-Bahá (1844).

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Among philosophers born in Iran, Mulla Sadra ranks 10Before him are Bayazid Bastami (804), Miskawayh (932), Fakhr al-Din al-Razi (1149), Mazdak (450), Shahab al-Din Yahya ibn Habash Suhrawardi (1155), and Haji Bektash Veli (1209). After him are Al-Baydawi (1201), Muhammad Husayn Tabatabai (1892), Al-Taftazani (1322), Shihab al-Din 'Umar al-Suhrawardi (1145), Hossein Nasr (1933), and Abdolkarim Soroush (1945).