Maine de Biran

1766 - 1824

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François-Pierre-Gontier de Biran (29 November 1766 – 20 July 1824), usually known as Maine de Biran (French: [mɛn də biʁɑ̃]), was a French philosopher. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Maine de Biran has received more than 81,454 page views. His biography is available in 25 different languages on Wikipedia. Maine de Biran is the 451st most popular philosopher (down from 419th in 2019), the 1,322nd most popular biography from France (down from 1,247th in 2019) and the 62nd most popular French Philosopher.

Marie-Jeanne-Baptiste-Germaine de Biran was a French philosopher and writer. She is most famous for her work on the philosophy of mind and self-consciousness.

Memorability Metrics

  • 81k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 60.59

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 25

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.99

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 1.80

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Maine de Birans by language

Over the past year Maine de Biran has had the most page views in the with 10,873 views, followed by English (9,609), and Japanese (3,611). In terms of yearly growth of page views the top 3 wikpedia editions are Basque (88.11%), Egyptian Arabic (71.29%), and Danish (52.08%)


Among philosophers, Maine de Biran ranks 451 out of 1,267Before him are Theodorus the Atheist, Arnobius, John Toland, Huiyuan, Vasishtha, and Luce Irigaray. After him are Gianni Vattimo, Lucilio Vanini, Paul Natorp, Nelson Goodman, Michel Serres, and Philodemus.

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Among people born in 1766, Maine de Biran ranks 13Before him are Nikolay Karamzin, Johanna Schopenhauer, Charlotte, Princess Royal, José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia, Franz Xaver Süssmayr, and Rodolphe Kreutzer. After him are Dominique Jean Larrey, William Hyde Wollaston, Slimane of Morocco, Charles Macintosh, Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin, and François-Xavier Fabre. Among people deceased in 1824, Maine de Biran ranks 14Before him are Agustín de Iturbide, James Parkinson, Giovanni Battista Viotti, Jean Jacques Régis de Cambacérès, Rama II of Siam, and Anne-Louis Girodet de Roussy-Trioson. After him are Maria Luisa, Duchess of Lucca, Maria Theresia von Paradis, Charles-François Lebrun, Friedrich August Wolf, Ercole Consalvi, and Joseph Joubert.

Others Born in 1766

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Others Deceased in 1824

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In France

Among people born in France, Maine de Biran ranks 1,322 out of 6,770Before him are Vivant Denon (1747), Comtessa de Dia (1175), Antoine Griezmann (1991), Anne Parillaud (1960), Émile Waldteufel (1837), and Étienne François, duc de Choiseul (1719). After him are Carausius (300), Constance of Arles (974), Louis, Count of Vendôme (1376), Kylian Mbappé (1998), Joachim du Bellay (1522), and Yves Tanguy (1900).


Among philosophers born in France, Maine de Biran ranks 62Before him are Pierre d'Ailly (1350), Jacques Lefèvre d'Étaples (1460), Antoine Destutt de Tracy (1754), Ernest Gellner (1925), Emmanuel Mounier (1905), and Petrus Ramus (1515). After him are Michel Serres (1930), Victor Cousin (1792), Michel de Certeau (1925), Vincent of Beauvais (1190), Jean-Luc Nancy (1940), and Pierre Duhem (1861).