Lynn Margulis

1938 - 2011

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Lynn Margulis (born Lynn Petra Alexander; March 5, 1938 – December 22, 2011) was an American evolutionary biologist, and was the primary modern proponent for the significance of symbiosis in evolution. Historian Jan Sapp has said that "Lynn Margulis's name is as synonymous with symbiosis as Charles Darwin's is with evolution." In particular, Margulis transformed and fundamentally framed current understanding of the evolution of cells with nuclei – an event Ernst Mayr called "perhaps the most important and dramatic event in the history of life" – by proposing it to have been the result of symbiotic mergers of bacteria. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Lynn Margulis has received more than 1,221,051 page views. Her biography is available in 44 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 42 in 2019). Lynn Margulis is the 99th most popular biologist (down from 70th in 2019), the 970th most popular biography from United States (down from 858th in 2019) and the 13th most popular American Biologist.

Lynn Margulis is most famous for her work in helping to develop the theory of symbiogenesis, which states that the organelles in cells are actually the descendants of bacteria that were engulfed by a cell and became symbiotic with it.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.2M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 62.80

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 44

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.62

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.41

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Lynn Margulis by language

Over the past year Lynn Margulis has had the most page views in the with 138,633 views, followed by Spanish (113,505), and Portuguese (10,971). In terms of yearly growth of page views the top 3 wikpedia editions are Dutch (154.09%), Belarusian (110.15%), and Southern Azerbaijani (70.79%)


Among biologists, Lynn Margulis ranks 99 out of 1,097Before her are Hermann Joseph Muller, John B. Calhoun, Gabriele Falloppio, Ivan Vladimirovich Michurin, Günter Blobel, and Jules A. Hoffmann. After her are Oliver Smithies, John Franklin Enders, Jean Dausset, Nettie Stevens, Thomas Huckle Weller, and Louis Agassiz.

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Among people born in 1938, Lynn Margulis ranks 55Before her are Raymond Carver, Ayaz Mutallibov, Kurt Wüthrich, Viktor Chernomyrdin, Frederick Forsyth, and Issey Miyake. After her are Oliver Reed, Joyce Carol Oates, Brian Dennehy, Marcello Gandini, István Szabó, and Dean Reed. Among people deceased in 2011, Lynn Margulis ranks 37Before her are Necmettin Erbakan, Christa Wolf, Ralph M. Steinman, Norman Foster Ramsey Jr., Herbert A. Hauptman, and Ernesto Sabato. After her are Jorge Semprún, Sultan bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Tomislav Ivić, Baruj Benacerraf, Zdeněk Miler, and Betty Ford.

Others Born in 1938

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Lynn Margulis ranks 970 out of 20,380Before her are Barbara Stanwyck (1907), Mickey Rooney (1920), Angelo Badalamenti (1937), Roger Wolcott Sperry (1913), Dashiell Hammett (1894), and John Cassavetes (1929). After her are Bette Midler (1945), Mildred Harris (1901), Joseph Campbell (1904), Tom Waits (1949), Julius Axelrod (1912), and James Horner (1953).

Among BIOLOGISTS In United States

Among biologists born in United States, Lynn Margulis ranks 13Before her are George Beadle (1903), Irwin Rose (1926), Linda B. Buck (1947), Stanley B. Prusiner (1942), Hermann Joseph Muller (1890), and John B. Calhoun (1917). After her are John Franklin Enders (1897), Nettie Stevens (1861), Thomas Huckle Weller (1915), Edward Tatum (1909), Alfred Hershey (1908), and Carl Woese (1928).