John Toland

1670 - 1722

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John Toland (30 November 1670 – 11 March 1722) was an Irish rationalist philosopher and freethinker, and occasional satirist, who wrote numerous books and pamphlets on political philosophy and philosophy of religion, which are early expressions of the philosophy of the Age of Enlightenment. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of John Toland has received more than 133,977 page views. His biography is available in 33 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 30 in 2019). John Toland is the 490th most popular philosopher (down from 458th in 2019), the 58th most popular biography from Ireland (down from 50th in 2019) and the 4th most popular Irish Philosopher.

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  • 2.74

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Among philosophers, John Toland ranks 490 out of 1,089Before him are Ernst Troeltsch, Su Song, André Gorz, Philodemus, A. J. Ayer, and Eduard Spranger. After him are Karl Löwith, Adam Ferguson, Nezahualcoyotl, Eudemus of Rhodes, Shantideva, and Hasdai Crescas.

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Among people born in 1670, John Toland ranks 8Before him are Bernard Mandeville, Louis Auguste, Duke of Maine, Antonio Caldara, Countess Palatine Dorothea Sophie of Neuburg, Giovanni Bononcini, and James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick. After him are Danilo I, Metropolitan of Cetinje, Jean-Baptiste Dubos, Rajaram I, Gustav, Duke of Zweibrücken, Zheng Keshuang, and Maria Margaretha Kirch. Among people deceased in 1722, John Toland ranks 5Before him are Kangxi Emperor, Elizabeth Charlotte, Madame Palatine, John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, and Bartholomew Roberts. After him are Johann Adam Reincken, Johann Kuhnau, Carl Gustav Rehnskiöld, Pierre Varignon, Claude Gillot, Adriaen van der Werff, and Countess Palatine Hedwig Elisabeth of Neuburg.

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In Ireland

Among people born in Ireland, John Toland ranks 58 out of 460Before him are Richard Cantillon (1680), James Ussher (1581), Dolores O'Riordan (1971), Edward England (1685), Eileen Gray (1878), and Sheridan Le Fanu (1814). After him are Thomas Moore (1779), J. D. Bernal (1901), Colin Farrell (1976), Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener (1850), Brian Boru (941), and Malcolm II of Scotland (954).


Among philosophers born in Ireland, John Toland ranks 4Before him are George Berkeley (1685), John Scotus Eriugena (810), and James Ussher (1581). After him are G. E. M. Anscombe (1919).