John Toland

1670 - 1722

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John Toland (30 November 1670 – 11 March 1722) was an Irish rationalist philosopher and freethinker, and occasional satirist, who wrote numerous books and pamphlets on political philosophy and philosophy of religion, which are early expressions of the philosophy of the Age of Enlightenment. Born in Ireland, he was educated at the universities of Glasgow, Edinburgh, Leiden and Oxford and was influenced by the philosophy of John Locke. His first, and best known work, Christianity Not Mysterious (1696), opposed hierarchy in both church and state. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of John Toland has received more than 195,263 page views. His biography is available in 37 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 36 in 2019). John Toland is the 447th most popular philosopher (up from 464th in 2019), the 48th most popular biography from Ireland (up from 51st in 2019) and the 4th most popular Irish Philosopher.

Memorability Metrics

  • 200k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 60.66

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 37

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.25

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.87

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among philosophers, John Toland ranks 447 out of 1,267Before him are Petrus Ramus, Johannes Althusius, Diogenes of Babylon, Ernesto Laclau, Theodorus the Atheist, and Arnobius. After him are Huiyuan, Vasishtha, Luce Irigaray, Maine de Biran, Gianni Vattimo, and Lucilio Vanini.

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Among people born in 1670, John Toland ranks 5Before him are Augustus II the Strong, Bernard Mandeville, Antonio Caldara, and Countess Palatine Dorothea Sophie of Neuburg. After him are Louis Auguste, Duke of Maine, Giovanni Bononcini, James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick, Abigail Masham, Baroness Masham, Maria Margaretha Kirch, Gustav, Duke of Zweibrücken, and Danilo I, Metropolitan of Cetinje. Among people deceased in 1722, John Toland ranks 5Before him are Kangxi Emperor, Elizabeth Charlotte, Madame Palatine, John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, and Bartholomew Roberts. After him are Johann Adam Reincken, Johann Kuhnau, Pierre Varignon, Carl Gustav Rehnskiöld, Marie Anne de La Trémoille, princesse des Ursins, Éléonore Desmier d'Olbreuse, and Claude Gillot.

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In Ireland

Among people born in Ireland, John Toland ranks 48 out of 549Before him are Columba (521), Harald Gille (1103), Ethel Voynich (1864), Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener (1850), Saint Gall (550), and Eileen Gray (1878). After him are John Tyndall (1820), Edward England (1685), Dolores O'Riordan (1971), David Kelly (1929), William C. Campbell (1930), and Richard Cantillon (1680).


Among philosophers born in Ireland, John Toland ranks 4Before him are George Berkeley (1685), John Scotus Eriugena (810), and James Ussher (1581). After him are G. E. M. Anscombe (1919), William Thompson (1775), and Philip Pettit (1945).