Frei Otto

1925 - 2015

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Frei Paul Otto (German: [fʁaɪ ˈʔɔtoː]; 31 May 1925 – 9 March 2015) was a German architect and structural engineer noted for his use of lightweight structures, in particular tensile and membrane structures, including the roof of the Olympic Stadium in Munich for the 1972 Summer Olympics. Otto won the RIBA Royal Gold Medal in 2006 and was awarded the Pritzker Architecture Prize in 2015, shortly before his death. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Frei Otto has received more than 310,217 page views. His biography is available in 46 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 45 in 2019). Frei Otto is the 86th most popular architect (up from 94th in 2019), the 821st most popular biography from Germany (up from 892nd in 2019) and the 8th most popular German Architect.

Frei Otto is most famous for his work in the field of tensile structures. His first major project was the roof of the Munich Olympic Stadium, which was designed to look like a tent and to be supported by air pressure.

Memorability Metrics

  • 310k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 62.91

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 46

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.55

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.96

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among architects, Frei Otto ranks 86 out of 518Before him are Louis Kahn, Hector Guimard, Richard Neutra, Balthasar Neumann, Claude Perrault, and Mario Botta. After him are Gottfried Semper, Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt, Sostratus of Cnidus, Bartolomeo Ammannati, Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli, and Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach.

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Among people born in 1925, Frei Otto ranks 61Before him are Rod Steiger, Barbara Bush, Milton Obote, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Bülent Ecevit, and Alain Touraine. After him are József Bozsik, Oliver Smithies, Jean Tinguely, Celia Cruz, Hildegard Knef, and David Elazar. Among people deceased in 2015, Frei Otto ranks 46Before him are Wes Craven, Yevgeny Primakov, Günter Schabowski, Colleen McCullough, James Last, and Faten Hamama. After him are René Girard, James Horner, Fatema Mernissi, Yves Chauvin, Benedict Anderson, and Mathieu Kérékou.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Frei Otto ranks 821 out of 7,253Before him are Albert of Brandenburg (1490), Wilhelm Windelband (1848), Günther Prien (1908), Hermann of Reichenau (1013), Klaus Nomi (1944), and Peter Weiss (1916). After him are Thomas Bach (1953), George, King of Saxony (1832), Bruno Walter (1876), Sophie of Württemberg (1818), Princess Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt (1765), and Bernhard Schlink (1944).

Among ARCHITECTS In Germany

Among architects born in Germany, Frei Otto ranks 8Before him are Walter Gropius (1883), Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (1886), Karl Friedrich Schinkel (1781), Peter Behrens (1868), Arno Breker (1900), and Peter Parler (1330). After him are Gottfried Semper (1803), Albert Speer (1934), Leo von Klenze (1784), Robert Koldewey (1855), Gottfried Böhm (1920), and Hans Scharoun (1893).