Elisha Gray

1835 - 1901

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Elisha Gray (August 2, 1835 – January 21, 1901) was an American electrical engineer who co-founded the Western Electric Manufacturing Company. Gray is best known for his development of a telephone prototype in 1876 in Highland Park, Illinois. Some recent authors have argued that Gray should be considered the true inventor of the telephone because Alexander Graham Bell allegedly stole the idea of the liquid transmitter from him. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Elisha Gray has received more than 506,210 page views. His biography is available in 29 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 28 in 2019). Elisha Gray is the 120th most popular inventor (down from 112th in 2019), the 1,428th most popular biography from United States (down from 1,203rd in 2019) and the 30th most popular American Inventor.

Elisha Gray is most famous for inventing the telephone.

Memorability Metrics

  • 510k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 68.86

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 29

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.25

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.87

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Elisha Grays by language


Among inventors, Elisha Gray ranks 120 out of 355Before him are Bob Kahn, Johann Philipp Reis, Sequoyah, Gideon Sundback, André Michelin, and Hugo Schmeisser. After him are Henri Giffard, Samuel Crompton, W. O. Bentley, Kōnosuke Matsushita, Lee de Forest, and Paul Otlet.

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Among people born in 1835, Elisha Gray ranks 25Before him are Leopold, Prince of Hohenzollern, Nikolai Rubinstein, Shoqan Walikhanov, Iwasaki Yatarō, Hijikata Toshizō, and Adolph Wagner. After him are Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Mendele Mocher Sforim, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Sai Baba of Shirdi, Matsukata Masayoshi, and Eugenio Beltrami. Among people deceased in 1901, Elisha Gray ranks 17Before him are Chlodwig, Prince of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst, Charles Hermite, Li Hongzhang, Fukuzawa Yukichi, Abdur Rahman Khan, and Zénobe Gramme. After him are Gaetano Bresci, Max Joseph von Pettenkofer, Francesco Crispi, Josef Rheinberger, Charles Alexander, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, and Nikolaos Gyzis.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Elisha Gray ranks 1,428 out of 15,968Before him are Val Kilmer (1959), Chris Cornell (1964), Bessie Smith (1894), Fred Phelps (1929), Norman Schwarzkopf Jr. (1934), and Bob Ross (1942). After him are Katharine Ross (1940), Henry Hathaway (1898), Lillian Asplund (1906), Sylvia Earle (1935), Liberace (1919), and Raoul Walsh (1887).

Among INVENTORS In United States

Among inventors born in United States, Elisha Gray ranks 30Before him are Robert Noyce (1927), Hiram Maxim (1840), Elisha Otis (1811), Robert Moog (1934), Bob Kahn (1938), and Sequoyah (1770). After him are Lee de Forest (1873), Mary Anderson (1862), Richard Jordan Gatling (1818), Christopher Latham Sholes (1819), Josiah Warren (1798), and Edwin Howard Armstrong (1890).