Cardinal Mazarin

1602 - 1661

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Jules Cardinal Mazarin, Duke of Mayenne, Rethel and Nevers (, also UK: , US: , French: [ʒyl mazaʁɛ̃]; 14 July 1602 – 9 March 1661), born Giulio Raimondo Mazzarino (Italian: [ˈdʒuːljo raiˈmondo maddzaˈriːno]) or Mazarini, was an Italian Catholic prelate, diplomat and politician who served as the chief minister to the Kings of France Louis XIII and Louis XIV from 1642 to his death. In 1654, he acquired the title Duke of Mayenne and in 1659 that of 1st Duke of Rethel and Nevers. After serving as a papal diplomat for Pope Urban VIII, Mazarin offered his diplomatic services to Cardinal Richelieu and moved to Paris in 1640. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Cardinal Mazarin has received more than 1,165,175 page views. His biography is available in 67 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 65 in 2019). Cardinal Mazarin is the 332nd most popular politician (down from 298th in 2019), the 139th most popular biography from Italy (down from 118th in 2019) and the 27th most popular Italian Politician.

Cardinal Mazarin is most famous for being the chief minister of France during the minority of Louis XIV.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.2M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 75.56

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 67

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.84

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.11

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among politicians, Cardinal Mazarin ranks 332 out of 19,576Before him are Şehzade Bayezid, Stephen I of Hungary, Joachim Murat, Ahmed III, Park Chung-hee, and Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor. After him are Qianlong Emperor, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Lyndon B. Johnson, Mehmed V, Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor, and Edward VI of England.

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Among people born in 1602, Cardinal Mazarin ranks 1After him are Otto von Guericke, Athanasius Kircher, Elisabeth of France, Francesco Cavalli, Philippe de Champaigne, Gilles de Roberval, Salomon van Ruysdael, Per Brahe the Younger, Mary of Jesus of Ágreda, Zhu Yujian, and William V, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel. Among people deceased in 1661, Cardinal Mazarin ranks 1After him are Shunzhi Emperor, Girard Desargues, Köprülü Mehmed Pasha, Vasile Lupu, Philip Prospero, Prince of Asturias, George II, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, Zheng Zhilong, Andrea Sacchi, Louis Couperin, Jan Fyt, and Teimuraz I of Kakheti.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Cardinal Mazarin ranks 139 out of 5,161Before him are Andrea del Verrocchio (1435), Pope Boniface VIII (1235), Pope Gregory IX (1160), Jean-Baptiste Lully (1632), Giuseppe Arcimboldo (1526), and Pier Paolo Pasolini (1922). After him are Enzo Ferrari (1898), Luca Pacioli (1445), Adriano Celentano (1938), Guillaume Apollinaire (1880), Pope Pius VIII (1761), and Pope Formosus (816).


Among politicians born in Italy, Cardinal Mazarin ranks 27Before him are Marcus Licinius Crassus (-115), Antoninus Pius (86), Victor Emmanuel II of Italy (1820), Numa Pompilius (-753), Brutus the Younger (-85), and Sulla (-138). After him are Victor Emmanuel III of Italy (1869), Galba (-3), Sergio Mattarella (1941), Nerva (30), Scipio Africanus (-235), and Vitellius (15).