Man in the Iron Mask

1640 - 1703

Man in the Iron Mask

The Man in the Iron Mask (French: L'Homme au Masque de Fer; c. 1640 – 19 November 1703) was an unidentified prisoner who was arrested in 1669 or 1670 and subsequently held in a number of French prisons, including the Bastille and the Fortress of Pignerol (modern Pinerolo, Italy). He was held in the custody of the same jailer, Bénigne Dauvergne de Saint-Mars, for a period of 34 years. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Man in the Iron Mask has received more than 2,910,596 page views. His biography is available in 31 different languages on Wikipedia making him the 15th most popular extremist.

Memorability Metrics

  • 2.9M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 68.13

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 31

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.25

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.15

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Man in the Iron Masks by language


Among extremists, Man in the Iron Mask ranks 15 out of 182Before him are Ted Bundy, Lee Harvey Oswald, Andrei Chikatilo, Ulrike Meinhof, Ramón Mercader, and Ed Gein. After him are Abdullah Öcalan, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, Albert Fish, Ted Kaczynski, Carlos the Jackal, and Zodiac Killer.

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Among people born in 1640, Man in the Iron Mask ranks 4Before him are Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor, Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, and Françoise-Athénaïs de Rochechouart, Marquise de Montespan. After him are Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki, Pu Songling, La Voisin, Gaspar Sanz, Antoine Coysevox, Aphra Behn, Abraham Mignon, and Philippe de La Hire. Among people deceased in 1703, Man in the Iron Mask ranks 4Before him are Robert Hooke, Charles Perrault, and Mustafa II. After him are John Wallis, Vincenzo Viviani, Johann Christoph Bach, Samuel Pepys, Ilona Zrínyi, Erik Dahlbergh, Nicolas de Grigny, and Thomas Kingo.

Others Born in 1640

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Man in the Iron Mask ranks 428 out of 3,282Before him are Pope Stephen IV (770), Camillo Golgi (1843), Anna Magnani (1908), Lorenzo Valla (1407), Pope Boniface V (575), and Nero Claudius Drusus (-38). After him are Pietro Aretino (1492), Vittore Carpaccio (1465), Pope Eugene II (780), Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus (-300), Pope Adrian V (1205), and Pope Zephyrinus (150).


Among extremists born in Italy, Man in the Iron Mask ranks 1After him are Charles Ponzi (1882), Vincenzo Peruggia (1881), Carlo Gambino (1902), Johnny Torrio (1882), Tommaso Buscetta (1928), and Frank Nitti (1886).

Extremists Born in Italy

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