Arthur Cayley

1821 - 1895

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Arthur Cayley (; 16 August 1821 – 26 January 1895) was a British mathematician who worked mostly on algebra. He helped found the modern British school of pure mathematics, and was a professor at Trinity College, Cambridge for 35 years. He postulated what is now known as the Cayley–Hamilton theorem—that every square matrix is a root of its own characteristic polynomial, and verified it for matrices of order 2 and 3. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Arthur Cayley has received more than 398,881 page views. His biography is available in 49 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 46 in 2019). Arthur Cayley is the 156th most popular mathematician (down from 143rd in 2019), the 744th most popular biography from United Kingdom (down from 738th in 2019) and the 17th most popular British Mathematician.

Arthur Cayley is most famous for his contributions to the theory of matrices.

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  • 3.78

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among mathematicians, Arthur Cayley ranks 156 out of 1,004Before him are Wang Chong, Joseph Liouville, Scipione del Ferro, Robert Grosseteste, Michel Rolle, and Vladimir Arnold. After him are Menelaus of Alexandria, Robert Aumann, Giambattista della Porta, Simplicius of Cilicia, Wacław Sierpiński, and Alonzo Church.

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Among people born in 1821, Arthur Cayley ranks 15Before him are Auguste Mariette, Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria, Louis Vuitton, Richard Francis Burton, Pauline Viardot, and Johann Josef Loschmidt. After him are Henri-Frédéric Amiel, Andrew Kim Taegon, Anita Garibaldi, Nikolay Nekrasov, Wilhelm Tempel, and Heinrich Barth. Among people deceased in 1895, Arthur Cayley ranks 16Before him are José Martí, Adam Opel, Friedrich Miescher, Franz von Suppé, Archduke Albrecht, Duke of Teschen, and Johann Josef Loschmidt. After him are Carl Ludwig, Nikolai Leskov, Camilla Collett, Julia, Princess of Battenberg, Frederick Douglass, and Karl Heinrich Ulrichs.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, Arthur Cayley ranks 744 out of 8,785Before him are H. H. Asquith (1852), William John Macquorn Rankine (1820), Percy Fawcett (1867), Tom Jones (1940), Alfred Molina (1953), and J. L. Austin (1911). After him are John Macleod (1876), Andrew Huxley (1917), Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge (1982), E. H. Carr (1892), Louise of Great Britain (1724), and Edgar F. Codd (1923).

Among MATHEMATICIANS In United Kingdom

Among mathematicians born in United Kingdom, Arthur Cayley ranks 17Before him are Brook Taylor (1685), John Couch Adams (1819), Colin Maclaurin (1698), Oliver Heaviside (1850), William Oughtred (1574), and Robert Grosseteste (1175). After him are James Joseph Sylvester (1814), James Gregory (1638), Michael Atiyah (1929), Henry Briggs (1561), Johannes de Sacrobosco (1195), and Robert Recorde (1512).