The following people are considered by Pantheon to be the top 10 most legendary Yemeni Politicians of all time. This list of famous Yemeni Politicians is sorted by HPI (Historical Popularity Index), a metric that aggregates information on a biography’s online popularity. Visit the rankings page to view the entire list of Yemeni Politicians.
With an HPI of 73.01, Ali Abdullah Saleh is the most famous Yemeni Politician. His biography has been translated into 70 different languages on wikipedia.
Ali Abdullah Saleh al-Ahmar (Arabic: علي عبدالله صالح الأحمر , ʿAlī ʿAbdullāh Ṣāliḥ al-Aḥmar; born 21 March 1947 – 4 December 2017) was a Yemeni politician who served as the first President of Yemen, from Yemeni unification on 22 May 1990 to his resignation on 25 February 2012, following the Yemeni Revolution. Previously, he had served as President of the Yemen Arab Republic, or North Yemen, from July 1978 to 22 May 1990, after the assassination of President Ahmad al-Ghashmi.Saleh developed deeper ties with Western powers, especially the United States, in the War on Terror. Islamic terrorism may have been used and encouraged by Ali Abdullah Saleh to win Western support and for disruptive politically motivated attacks. In 2011, in the wake of the Arab Spring, which spread across North Africa and the Middle East (including Yemen), Saleh's time in office became more and more untenable until eventually he was ousted as president in 2012. He was succeeded by Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, who had been vice-president since 1994. In May 2015, Saleh openly allied with the Houthis (Ansar Allah) during the Yemeni Civil War, in which a protest movement and subsequent insurgency succeeded in capturing Yemen's capital, Sana'a, causing President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi to resign and flee the country. In December 2017, he declared his withdrawal from his coalition with the Houthis and instead sided with his former enemies – Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and President Hadi.On 4 December 2017, during a battle between Houthi and Saleh supporters in Sanaa, the Houthis accused Saleh of "treason", and he was killed by a Houthi sniper. Reports were that Saleh was killed while trying to flee his compound in a car; however, this was denied by his party officials, who said he was executed at his house.
With an HPI of 71.79, Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi is the 2nd most famous Yemeni Politician. His biography has been translated into 54 different languages.
Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi (ʿAbdrabbuh Manṣūr Hādī; Arabic: عبدربه منصور هادي Yemeni pronunciation: [ˈʕæbdˈrɑbːu mænˈsˤuːr ˈhæːdi]; born 1 September 1945) is a Yemeni politician and former field marshal of the Yemeni Armed Forces serving as the president of Yemen since 2012. He was the vice president to Ali Abdullah Saleh from 1994 to 2012. Although Hadi has international recognition, following the 22 January 2015 armed takeover by Houthis, his position as president of Yemen has been rejected by Houthis. Because of ongoing military operations inside Yemen, Hadi currently spends much of his time in exile in Saudi Arabia.Between 4 June and 23 September 2011, Hadi was the acting president of Yemen while Ali Abdullah Saleh was undergoing medical treatment in Saudi Arabia following an attack on the presidential palace during the 2011 Yemeni uprising. On 23 November, he became Acting President again, after Saleh moved into a non-active role pending the presidential election "in return for immunity from prosecution". Hadi was "expected to form a national unity government and also call for early presidential elections within 90 days" while Saleh continued to serve as president in name only. Mansour Hadi was chosen as a president for a two-year transitional period on 21 February by Yemen's political factions, in an election where he was the sole consensus candidate, although the election was boycotted by Houthis in the north and Southern Secessionists in the south of the country. Hadi's mandate was extended for another year in January 2014. According to pro-Houthi media outlet SABA, Hadi remained in power after the expiration of his mandate.On 22 January 2015, he was forced to resign by the Houthis in the midst of mass protest against his decision to raise the fuel subsidies and due to dissatisfaction with the outcome of the 2011 Revolution. Subsequently, the Houthis and the supporters of Saleh seized the presidential palace and placed Hadi under house arrest. The Houthis named a Revolutionary Committee to assume the powers of the presidency, as well as the General People's Congress, Hadi's own political party. A month later, Hadi escaped to his hometown of Aden, rescinded his resignation, and denounced the Houthi takeover. He arrived in Riyadh the next day, as a coalition of countries led by Saudi Arabia intervened in support of his government. He returned to Aden in September 2015, as Saudi-backed government forces recaptured the city. In late 2017, he was reportedly residing in Riyadh under house arrest.
With an HPI of 70.31, Abu Musa al-Ash'ari is the 3rd most famous Yemeni Politician. His biography has been translated into 20 different languages.
Abu Musa Abd Allah ibn Qays al-Ash'ari, better known as Abu Musa al-Ash'ari (Arabic: أبو موسى الأشعري, romanized: Abū Mūsa al-Ash'arī) (died c. 662 or 672) was a companion of Muhammad and an important figure in early Islamic history. He was at various times governor of Basra and Kufa and was involved in the early Muslim conquest of Persia.
With an HPI of 67.86, Miqdad ibn Aswad is the 4th most famous Yemeni Politician. His biography has been translated into 17 different languages.
Miqdad ibn Amr al-Bahrani (Arabic: ٱلْمِقْدَاد ٱبْن عَمْروْ ٱلْبَهْرَانِيّ, al-Miqdād ibn ʿAmr al-Bahrānīy), better known as al-Miqdad ibn al-Aswad al-Kindi (Arabic: ٱلْمِقْدَاد ٱبْن ٱلْأَسْوَد ٱلْكِنْدِيّ) or simply Miqdad, was one of the companions of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
With an HPI of 64.61, Yahya Muhammad Hamid ed-Din is the 5th most famous Yemeni Politician. His biography has been translated into 20 different languages.
Yahya Muhammad Hamid ed-Din (or Imam Yahya) (Arabic: يحيى محمد حميد الدين, 18 June 1869 – 17 February 1948) became Imam of the Zaydis in 1904 after the death of his father, Muhammad Al-Mansur, and Imam of Yemen in 1918. His name and title in full was "His majesty Amir al-Mumenin al-Mutawakkil 'Ala Allah Rab ul-Alamin Imam Yahya bin al-Mansur Bi'llah Muhammad Hamidaddin, Imam and Commander of the Faithful" (the prince of the believers, he who relies on God, the Lord of the Universe). Yahya Muhammad Hamid ed-Din was born on Friday 18 June 1869 in Sanaa into the Hamidaddin branch of the al-Qasimi dynasty who ruled most of Yemen proper and South Saudi Arabia today for over 900 years. Upon the death of his father in 1904, Yahya became Imam, effectively ruler over the mountainous areas of the future North Yemen. However, the Ottomans who made claim on the area did not recognize the rule of the Imams of Yemen since their entry into Yemen.
With an HPI of 64.18, Muhammad al-Badr is the 6th most famous Yemeni Politician. His biography has been translated into 20 different languages.
Muhammad Al-Badr (February 15, 1926 – August 6, 1996) (Arabic: المنصور بالله محمد البدر بن أحمد) was the last king and Zaidi Imam of the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen (North Yemen) and leader of the monarchist regions during the North Yemen Civil War (1962–1970). His full name was Al-Mansur Bi'llah Muhammad Al-Badr bin Al-Nasir-li-dinu'llah Ahmad, Imam and Commander of the Faithful and King of the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of the Yemen.
With an HPI of 62.55, Ahmad bin Yahya is the 7th most famous Yemeni Politician. His biography has been translated into 16 different languages.
Ahmad bin Yahya Hamidaddin (Arabic: أحمد بن يحيى حميد الدين; June 18, 1891 – September 19, 1962) was the penultimate king of the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen, who reigned from 1948 to 1962. His full name and title was H.M. al-Nasir-li-Dinullah Ahmad bin al-Mutawakkil 'Alallah Yahya, Imam and Commander of the Faithful, and King of the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of the Yemen. Ahmad's ruthless, arbitrary and inconsistent rule made him the subject of a coup attempt, frequent assassination attempts and eventually lead to the downfall of the kingdom shortly after his death. His enemies ranged from ambitious family members to forward-looking pan-Arabists and Republicans and from them he was given the name "Ahmad the devil." He remained surprisingly popular among his subjects, particularly the northern tribesmen from whom he had the name "Big Turban". For his remarkable ability to narrowly escape numerous assassination attempts, he was known as al-Djinn.Like his father, Ahmad was profoundly conservative, but nevertheless forged alliances with the Soviet Union, Communist China and the Republic of Egypt, all of which provided economic and military aid to the kingdom. These alliances were largely driven by his desire to expel the British from southern Yemen and recover the territory of the Aden Protectorate as part of "Greater Yemen". In the end, he turned against Egypt and the Soviet Union, both of which after his death supported a republican coup against his son and successor.
With an HPI of 60.23, Mohammed Basindawa is the 8th most famous Yemeni Politician. His biography has been translated into 21 different languages.
Mohammed Salim Basindawa (Arabic: محمد سالم باسندوة born 4 April 1935) is a Yemeni politician who was Prime Minister of Yemen from 10 December 2011 to 24 September 2014.
With an HPI of 56.48, Ali Muhammad Mujawar is the 9th most famous Yemeni Politician. His biography has been translated into 22 different languages.
Ali Mohammed Mujawar (Arabic: علي محمد مجور; born 26 April 1953) served as Prime Minister of Yemen between 7 April 2007 and December 10, 2011, and prior as electricity minister.Following the anti-government uprising in Yemen, President Ali Abdullah Saleh fired Mujawar and the other members of the Cabinet of Yemen on March 20, 2011, but asked them to remain until a new government was formed. During the uprising, on 3 June 2011, Mujawar was seriously injured in the same attack which critically wounded President Saleh. He underwent treatment in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
With an HPI of 55.65, Abdul Qadir Bajamal is the 10th most famous Yemeni Politician. His biography has been translated into 19 different languages.
Abdul Qadir Bajamal (Arabic: عبد القادر باجمال; February 18, 1946 – September 7, 2020) was a Yemeni politician who served as Prime Minister from March 31, 2001 to April 7, 2007. He was a member of the General People's Congress party and was appointed as Prime Minister by President Ali Abdullah Saleh. Previously he served as Foreign Minister from 1998 to 2001.
Pantheon has 11 people classified as politicians born between 589 and 1956. Of these 11, 4 (36.36%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living politicians include Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, Mohammed Basindawa, and Ali Muhammad Mujawar. The most famous deceased politicians include Ali Abdullah Saleh, Abu Musa al-Ash'ari, and Miqdad ibn Aswad. As of October 2020, 1 new politicians have been added to Pantheon including Keith Vaz.
Which Politicians were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 4 most globally memorable Politicians since 1700.