The Most Famous

POLITICIANS from Ecuador

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This page contains a list of the greatest Ecuadorean Politicians. The pantheon dataset contains 15,710 Politicians, 31 of which were born in Ecuador. This makes Ecuador the birth place of the 74th most number of Politicians behind Haiti and Libya.

Top 10

The following people are considered by Pantheon to be the top 10 most legendary Ecuadorean Politicians of all time. This list of famous Ecuadorean Politicians is sorted by HPI (Historical Popularity Index), a metric that aggregates information on a biography’s online popularity. Visit the rankings page to view the entire list of Ecuadorean Politicians.

Photo of Huayna Capac

1. Huayna Capac (1476 - 1525)

With an HPI of 72.45, Huayna Capac is the most famous Ecuadorean Politician.  His biography has been translated into 32 different languages on wikipedia.

Huayna Capac, Guayna Cápac, Guayna Capac, Huain Capac, Guain Capac, Guayana Capac (in Hispanicized spellings), Wayna Kapa, Wayn Capac, Wayana Qhapaq, Wayna Kapak, Wayna Capac, or Wayna Qhapaq (Quechua wayna boy, young, young man; qhapaq "the mighty one", "the young mighty one", "powerful young one" or "powerful youth") (1464/1468–1524) was the third Sapan Inka of the Inca Empire, born in Tumipampa sixth of the Hanan dynasty, and eleventh of the Inca civilization. As other Sapa Inkas, Wayna Qhapaq subjects commonly approached him adding epithets and titles when addressing him, commonly as Wayna Qhapaq Inka Sapa'lla Tukuy Llaqt'a Uya "Unique Sovereign Wayna Qhapaq Listener of All Peoples". His original name was Titu Kusi Wallpa. He was the successor to Tupaq Inka Yupanki.

Photo of Rafael Correa

2. Rafael Correa (1963 - )

With an HPI of 69.69, Rafael Correa is the 2nd most famous Ecuadorean Politician.  His biography has been translated into 151 different languages.

Rafael Vicente Correa Delgado (Spanish pronunciation: [rafaˈel βiˈsente koˈre.a ðelˈɣaðo]; born 6 April 1963), known internationally as Rafael Correa, is an Ecuadorian politician and economist who served as President of Ecuador from 2007 to 2017. The leader of the PAIS Alliance political movement from its foundation until 2017, Correa is a democratic socialist and his administration focused on the implementation of left-wing policies. Internationally, he served as president pro tempore of the UNASUR. Born to a lower middle-class mestizo family in Guayaquil, Correa studied economics at the Universidad Católica de Santiago de Guayaquil, the University of Louvain (UCLouvain), and the University of Illinois, where he received his PhD. Returning to Ecuador, in 2005 he became the Minister for the Economy under President Alfredo Palacio, successfully lobbying Congress for increased spending on health and education projects. Correa won the presidency in the 2006 general election on a platform criticizing the established political elites. Taking office in January 2007, he sought to move away from Ecuador's neoliberal economic model by reducing the influence of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund. He declared Ecuador's national debt illegitimate and announced that the country would default on over $3 billion worth of bonds; he pledged to fight creditors in international courts and succeeded in reducing the price of outstanding bonds by more than 60%. He oversaw the introduction of a new constitution, being re-elected in 2009 and again 2013 general election. Correa's presidency was part of the Latin American pink tide, a turn toward leftist governments in the region, allying himself with Hugo Chávez's Venezuela and brought Ecuador into the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas in June 2009. Using its own form of 21st century socialism, Correa's administration increased government spending, reducing poverty, raising the minimum wage and increasing the standard of living in Ecuador. By the end of Correa's tenure, reliance on oil, public expenditures, 2016 earthquakes (more than 650 deaths and damage estimated at the equivalent of about 3% of GDP), and international pressure caused Ecuador's economy to enter a recession, resulting in government spending being slashed.Between 2006 and 2016, poverty decreased from 36.7% to 22.5% and annual per capita GDP growth was 1.5 percent (as compared to 0.6 percent over the prior two decades). At the same time, inequalities, as measured by the Gini coefficient, decreased from 0.55 to 0.47.On 3 July 2018, a judge in Ecuador ordered the arrest of Correa after he failed to appear in court during a trial surrounding the kidnapping of his political opponent Fernando Balda. Correa, who lived in Belgium at the time, denied the allegations regarding the kidnapping. In July 2018 Interpol rejected an Ecuador-issued arrest warrant and called it "obviously a political matter."On 7 April 2020, The Criminal Court of the National Court of Justice found the former president guilty of aggravated passive bribery in the Casos Sobornos 2012–2016. He was sentenced to 8 years in prison in absentia for leading the corruption network that between 2012 and 2016 received "undue contributions" at the Carondelet Palace to finance his political movement in exchange for awarding state contracts to businessmen along with Alexis Mera, former Judiciary Secretary of the Presidency, former Ministry of Housing and Urban Development, María de los Angeles Duarte, former congresswoman Viviana Bonilla and former Constitutional Judge and his secretary Pamela Martínez.

Photo of Lenín Moreno

3. Lenín Moreno (1953 - )

With an HPI of 69.59, Lenín Moreno is the 3rd most famous Ecuadorean Politician.  His biography has been translated into 48 different languages.

Lenín Boltaire Moreno Garcés (Spanish pronunciation: [leˈnim bolˈtajɾe moˈɾeno ɣaɾˈses]; born 19 March 1953) is an Ecuadorian politician who is the current president of Ecuador, in office since May 2017. Moreno was vice president from 2007 to 2013, serving under President Rafael Correa. He was nominated as the candidate for Correa's PAIS Alliance, a centre-left, democratic socialist political party, in the 2017 presidential election and won a narrow victory in Ecuador's second round of voting on 2 April 2017. However, after his election Moreno drastically shifted his political stance, distancing himself from Correa's leftist legacy and making neoliberal changes to both domestic and foreign policy.Moreno was shot in a 1998 robbery attempt and thereafter has used a wheelchair. For his advocacy for people with disabilities, he was nominated for the 2012 Nobel Peace Prize. According to the New York Times, when he assumed office on 24 May 2017, Moreno became the world's only currently serving head of state to use a wheelchair.

Photo of Gabriel García Moreno

4. Gabriel García Moreno (1821 - 1875)

With an HPI of 65.30, Gabriel García Moreno is the 4th most famous Ecuadorean Politician.  His biography has been translated into 24 different languages.

Gabriel Gregorio Fernando José María García Moreno y Morán de Butrón (December 24, 1821 – August 6, 1875), Duke of the Holy Faith (pontifical), Knight with the Collar of the Order of Pope Pius IX, was an Ecuadorian politician who twice served as President of Ecuador (1861–65 and 1869–75) and was assassinated during his second term, after being elected to a third. He is noted for his conservatism, Catholic religious perspective and rivalry with liberal strongman Eloy Alfaro. Under his administration, Ecuador became a leader in science and higher education within Latin America. In addition to the advances in education and science, he was noted for economically and agriculturally advancing the country, as well as for his staunch opposition to corruption, even giving his own salary to charity. However, a contemporary account from a consortium of London publishers, The Annual Register for 1875, reports, "the deceased President was a ruler more feared than loved in the Republic whose destinies he had guided for nearly fifteen years, having governed it rather as a military dictator than as the head authority of a Liberal Constitution.”

Photo of Eloy Alfaro

5. Eloy Alfaro (1842 - 1912)

With an HPI of 63.95, Eloy Alfaro is the 5th most famous Ecuadorean Politician.  His biography has been translated into 24 different languages.

José Eloy Alfaro Delgado (June 25, 1842 – January 28, 1912) was an Ecuadorian politician who served as the President of Ecuador from 1895 to 1901 and from 1906 to 1911. Alfaro became one of the strongest opponents of pro-Catholic conservative President Gabriel García Moreno (1821–1875) and was known as the Viejo Luchador ("Old Warrior") for playing a central role in the Liberal Revolution of 1895 and having fought conservatism for almost 30 years. Alfaro's major political legacies are considered to be strengthened national unity, securing the integrity of Ecuador's borders, the increased secularization of the country. Alfaro led the modernization of Ecuadorian society through the introduction of new ideas, education, and systems of public transport and communication, including the engineering feat of the Transandino railway linking Guayaquil with Quito. Alfaro's effigy appeared on the Ecuadorian 50-cent coin from the 2000 issue, and the Ecuadorian Army's military college bears his name, as have two ships of the Ecuadorian Navy.

Photo of José María Velasco Ibarra

6. José María Velasco Ibarra (1893 - 1979)

With an HPI of 63.78, José María Velasco Ibarra is the 6th most famous Ecuadorean Politician.  His biography has been translated into 27 different languages.

José María Velasco Ibarra (March 19, 1893 – March 30, 1979) was an Ecuadorian politician. He became president of Ecuador five times, in 1934–1935, 1944–1947, 1952–1956, 1960–1961, and 1968–1972, and only in 1952–1956 did he complete a full term. In his four other terms he was removed by military force, and several times he was installed as president through a military coup.

Photo of Alfredo Palacio

7. Alfredo Palacio (1939 - )

With an HPI of 63.66, Alfredo Palacio is the 7th most famous Ecuadorean Politician.  His biography has been translated into 34 different languages.

Luis Alfredo Palacio González (born January 22, 1939) is an Ecuadorian cardiologist and former politician who served as President of Ecuador from April 20, 2005 to January 15, 2007. From January 15, 2003 to April 20, 2005, he served as vice president, after which he was appointed to the presidency when the Ecuadorian Congress removed President Lucio Gutiérrez from power following a week of growing unrest with his government.

Photo of Rodrigo Borja Cevallos

8. Rodrigo Borja Cevallos (1935 - )

With an HPI of 63.65, Rodrigo Borja Cevallos is the 8th most famous Ecuadorean Politician.  His biography has been translated into 24 different languages.

Rodrigo Borja Cevallos (born June 19, 1935) is an Ecuadorian politician who was President of Ecuador from August 10, 1988 to August 10, 1992. He is also a descendant of the House of Borgia.

Photo of Jaime Roldós Aguilera

9. Jaime Roldós Aguilera (1940 - 1981)

With an HPI of 62.37, Jaime Roldós Aguilera is the 9th most famous Ecuadorean Politician.  His biography has been translated into 22 different languages.

Jaime Roldós Aguilera (November 5, 1940 – May 24, 1981) was 33rd President of Ecuador from August 10, 1979 until his death on May 24, 1981. In his short tenure, he became known for his firm stance on human rights.

Photo of José Joaquín de Olmedo

10. José Joaquín de Olmedo (1780 - 1847)

With an HPI of 62.00, José Joaquín de Olmedo is the 10th most famous Ecuadorean Politician.  His biography has been translated into 22 different languages.

José Joaquín de Olmedo y Maruri (March 20, 1780 – February 19, 1847) was President of Ecuador from March 6, 1845 to December 8, 1845. A patriot and poet, he was the son of the Spanish Captain Don Miguel de Olmedo y Troyano and the Guayaquilean Ana Francisca de Maruri y Salavarría.

Pantheon has 31 people classified as politicians born between 1476 and 1963. Of these 31, 12 (38.71%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living politicians include Rafael Correa, Lenín Moreno, and Alfredo Palacio. The most famous deceased politicians include Huayna Capac, Gabriel García Moreno, and Eloy Alfaro. As of October 2020, 6 new politicians have been added to Pantheon including Vicente Rocafuerte, Luis Cordero Crespo, and Carlos Julio Arosemena Monroy.

Living Politicians

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Deceased Politicians

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Newly Added Politicians (2020)

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Which Politicians were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 18 most globally memorable Politicians since 1700.