The Most Famous

COMPANIONS from Turkey

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This page contains a list of the greatest Turkish Companions. The pantheon dataset contains 687 Companions, 25 of which were born in Turkey. This makes Turkey the birth place of the 6th most number of Companions behind United Kingdom and Spain.

Top 10

The following people are considered by Pantheon to be the top 10 most legendary Turkish Companions of all time. This list of famous Turkish Companions is sorted by HPI (Historical Popularity Index), a metric that aggregates information on a biography’s online popularity. Visit the rankings page to view the entire list of Turkish Companions.

Photo of Helena

1. Helena (250 - 330)

With an HPI of 83.91, Helena is the most famous Turkish Companion.  Her biography has been translated into 61 different languages on wikipedia.

Helena, Helena Augusta, or Saint Helena (; Greek: Ἑλένη, Helénē; AD c. 246/248 – c. 330) was an Empress of the Roman Empire and mother of Roman emperor Constantine the Great. She was born outside of the noble classes, possibly in the Greek city of Drepana, Bithynia in Asia Minor. Helena ranks as an important figure in the history of Christianity. In her final years, she made a religious tour of Syria Palaestina and Jerusalem, during which ancient tradition claims that she discovered the True Cross. The Eastern Orthodox Church, Catholic Church, Oriental Orthodox Churches, and Anglican Communion revere her as a saint, and the Lutheran Church commemorates her.

Photo of Mihrimah Sultan

2. Mihrimah Sultan (1522 - 1578)

With an HPI of 81.22, Mihrimah Sultan is the 2nd most famous Turkish Companion.  Her biography has been translated into 36 different languages.

Mihrimah Sultan (Ottoman Turkish: مهر ماه سلطان‎, Turkish pronunciation: [mihɾiˈmah suɫˈtan]; c. 1522 – 25 January 1578) was an Ottoman princess, the daughter of Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent and his wife, Hurrem Sultan. She was the most powerful imperial princess in Ottoman history and one of the prominent figures during the Sultanate of Women.

Photo of Aspasia

3. Aspasia (-470 - -400)

With an HPI of 80.14, Aspasia is the 3rd most famous Turkish Companion.  Her biography has been translated into 49 different languages.

Aspasia (; Greek: Ἀσπασία Greek: [aspaˈsiaː]; c. 470–c. 400 BC) was an influential woman in Ancient Greece, who according to Plutarch attracted the most prominent writers and thinkers of the time, including Socrates, to her salon, which became an intellectual centre in Athens. Aspasia was a metic and although she spent most of her adult life in Greece, few details of her life are fully known. Although some accounts credit Aspasia as a distinguished rhetorician and philosopher, there also exist ancient depictions of Aspasia as a brothel keeper and a hetaera. Aspasia is mentioned in the writings of Plato, Aristophanes, Xenophon and others. The hypothetical nature of conclusions reached about Aspasia, based on relatively scant and contradictory information, have led to this range of contradictory portrayals from intellectual luminary to courtesan. For this reason modern scholars express scepticism about the historicity of Aspasia's life, the consensus being that so much is unverifiable, and so little can be known, as to render Aspasia void of much historical reality. Aspasia's role in history provides crucial insight to the understanding of the women of ancient Greece. Very little is known about women from her time period. One scholar stated that, "To ask questions about Aspasia's life is to ask questions about half of humanity."She was the partner of Athenian statesman Pericles in Classical-era Athens. The couple had a son, Pericles the Younger, but the full details of the couple's marital status are unknown.

Photo of Antinous

4. Antinous (111 - 130)

With an HPI of 76.71, Antinous is the 4th most famous Turkish Companion.  His biography has been translated into 40 different languages.

Antinous (also Antinoüs, Latin: Antinous) or Antinoös (Ancient Greek: Ἀντίνοος, romanized: Antínoös; 27 November, c. 111 – before 30 October 130) was a Greek youth from Bithynia and a favourite beloved of the Roman emperor Hadrian. After his premature death before his twentieth birthday, Antinous was deified on Hadrian's orders, being worshipped in both the Greek East and Latin West, sometimes as a god (theos) and sometimes merely as a hero (ἥρως, hḗrōs).Little is known of Antinous's life, although it is known that he was born in Claudiopolis (present day Bolu, Turkey), in the Roman province of Bithynia et Pontus. He was probably introduced to Hadrian in 123, before being taken to Italy for a higher education. He had become the favourite of Hadrian by 128, when he was taken on a tour of the Roman Empire as part of Hadrian's personal retinue. Antinous accompanied Hadrian during his attendance of the annual Eleusinian Mysteries in Athens, and was with him when he killed the Marousian lion in Libya. In October 130, as they were part of a flotilla going along the Nile, Antinous died amid mysterious circumstances. Various suggestions have been put forward for how he died, ranging from an accidental drowning to an intentional human sacrifice or suicide. Following his death, Hadrian deified Antinous and founded an organised cult devoted to his worship that spread throughout the Empire. Hadrian founded the city of Antinoöpolis close to Antinous's place of death, which became a cultic centre for the worship of Osiris-Antinous. Hadrian also founded games in commemoration of Antinous to take place in both Antinoöpolis and Athens, with Antinous becoming a symbol of Hadrian's dreams of pan-Hellenism. The worship of Antinous proved to be one of the most enduring and popular of cults of deified humans in the Roman empire, and events continued to be founded in his honor long after Hadrian's death.Antinous became associated with homosexuality in Western culture, appearing in the work of Oscar Wilde and Fernando Pessoa.

Photo of Hecuba

5. Hecuba ( - )

With an HPI of 75.79, Hecuba is the 5th most famous Turkish Companion.  Her biography has been translated into 42 different languages.

Hecuba (; also Hecabe; Ancient Greek: Ἑκάβη Hekábē, pronounced [hekábɛ:]) was a queen in Greek mythology, the wife of King Priam of Troy during the Trojan War, She had 19 children, who included major characters of Homer's Iliad such as the warriors Hector and Paris, as well as the prophetess Cassandra. Two of them, Hector and Troilus, are said to have been born as a result of Hecuba's relationship with the god Apollo.

Photo of Gülfem Hatun

6. Gülfem Hatun (1500 - 1561)

With an HPI of 74.16, Gülfem Hatun is the 6th most famous Turkish Companion.  Her biography has been translated into 19 different languages.

Gülfem Hatun (Ottoman Turkish: کلفام خاتون‎ was a lady-in-waiting to Suleiman the Magnificent (reign 1520–1566).

Photo of Malhun Hatun

7. Malhun Hatun (1350 - 1324)

With an HPI of 73.57, Malhun Hatun is the 7th most famous Turkish Companion.  Her biography has been translated into 20 different languages.

Malhun Hatun (also called Mal Hatun; d. November 1326) was the first wife of Osman I, the leader of the Ottoman Turks and the founder of the dynasty that established and ruled the Ottoman Empire. She was the mother of Sultan Orhan.

Photo of Pulcheria

8. Pulcheria (399 - 453)

With an HPI of 70.94, Pulcheria is the 8th most famous Turkish Companion.  Her biography has been translated into 38 different languages.

Aelia Pulcheria (; Greek: Πουλχερία; 19 January 398 or 399 – July 453) was an Eastern Roman empress who advised her brother emperor Theodosius II during his minority and then became wife to emperor Marcian from November 450 to her death in 453. She was the second (and oldest surviving) child of Eastern Roman Emperor Arcadius and Empress Aelia Eudoxia. In 414, the fifteen-year old Pulcheria became the guardian of her younger brother Theodosius II and was also proclaimed Augusta. Through her religious devotion and involvement in the contemporary ecclesiastical scene, Pulcheria had significant, though changing, influence and political power during her brother's reign. When Theodosius II died on 26 July 450, Pulcheria married Marcian on 25 November 450, while simultaneously not violating her vow of virginity. She died three years later, in July 453. Pulcheria influenced the Christian Church and its theological development by being involved in the Council of Ephesus and guiding the Council of Chalcedon, in which the Church ruled on christological issues. The Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church subsequently recognized her as a saint.

Photo of Licinia Eudoxia

9. Licinia Eudoxia (422 - 493)

With an HPI of 70.07, Licinia Eudoxia is the 9th most famous Turkish Companion.  Her biography has been translated into 22 different languages.

Licinia Eudoxia (; Ancient Greek: Λικινία, 422 – c. 493) was a Roman Empress, daughter of Eastern Roman Emperor Theodosius II. Her husbands included the Western Roman Emperors Valentinian III and Petronius Maximus.

Photo of Anna Porphyrogenita

10. Anna Porphyrogenita (963 - 1011)

With an HPI of 69.45, Anna Porphyrogenita is the 10th most famous Turkish Companion.  Her biography has been translated into 21 different languages.

Anna Porphyrogenita (Medieval Greek: Ἄννα Πορφυρογεννήτη, romanized: Anna Porphyrogennētē, Russian: Анна Византийская, Ukrainian: Анна Порфірогенета; 13 March 963 – 1011) was a Grand Princess consort of Kiev; she was married to Grand Prince Vladimir the Great.Anna was the daughter of Byzantine Emperor Romanos II and the Empress Theophano. She was also the sister of Emperors Basil II Bulgaroktonos (The Bulgar-Slayer) and Constantine VIII. Anna was a Porphyrogenita, a legitimate daughter born in the special purple chamber of the Byzantine Emperor's Palace. Anna's hand was considered such a prize that some theorize that Vladimir became Christian just to marry her.Anna did not wish to marry Vladimir and expressed deep distress on her way to her wedding. Vladimir was impressed by Byzantine religious practices; this factor, along with his marriage to Anna, led to his decision to convert to Eastern Christianity. Due to these two factors, he also began Christianizing his kingdom. By marriage to Grand Prince Vladimir, Anna became Grand Princess of Kiev, but in practice, she was referred to as Queen or Czarina, probably as a sign of her membership of the Imperial Byzantine House. Anna participated actively in the Christianization of Rus: she acted as the religious adviser of Vladimir and founded a few convents and churches herself. It is not known whether she was the biological mother of any of Vladimir's children, although some scholars have pointed to evidence that she and Vladimir may have had as many as three children together. French historian, Jean-Pierre Arrignon argues that Yaroslav the Wise was in fact Anna's son, as this would explain his interference in Byzantine affairs in 1043. This view is corroborated by the study of Yaroslav's remains carried out in 1939-1940, which would place him amongst Vladimir's youngest children (with 986 as his estimated date of birth). Furthermore, Yaroslav's maternity by Rogneda of Polotsk has been questioned since Nikolay Kostomarov in the 19th century.

Pantheon has 25 people classified as companions born between 470 BC and 1921. Of these 25, none of them are still alive today. The most famous deceased companions include Helena, Mihrimah Sultan, and Aspasia. As of October 2020, 5 new companions have been added to Pantheon including Gülfem Hatun, Kaya Sultan, and Despina Khatun.

Deceased Companions

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Newly Added Companions (2020)

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