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The Most Famous

ARCHITECTS from United Kingdom

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This page contains a list of the greatest British Architects. The pantheon dataset contains 424 Architects, 47 of which were born in United Kingdom. This makes United Kingdom the birth place of the 2nd most number of Architects.

Top 10

The following people are considered by Pantheon to be the top 10 most legendary British Architects of all time. This list of famous British Architects is sorted by HPI (Historical Popularity Index), a metric that aggregates information on a biography’s online popularity. Visit the rankings page to view the entire list of British Architects.

Photo of Norman Foster, Baron Foster of Thames Bank

1. Norman Foster, Baron Foster of Thames Bank (1935 - )

With an HPI of 71.54, Norman Foster, Baron Foster of Thames Bank is the most famous British Architect.  His biography has been translated into 59 different languages on wikipedia.

Norman Robert Foster, Baron Foster of Thames Bank, (born 1 June 1935) is a British architect and designer. Closely associated with the development of high-tech architecture, Foster is recognised as a key figure in British modernist architecture. His architectural practice Foster + Partners, first founded in 1967 as Foster Associates, is the largest in the United Kingdom, and maintains offices internationally. He is the president of the Norman Foster Foundation, created to 'promote interdisciplinary thinking and research to help new generations of architects, designers and urbanists to anticipate the future'. The foundation, which opened in June 2017, is based in Madrid and operates globally. Foster was awarded the Pritzker Prize in 1999.

Photo of Christopher Wren

2. Christopher Wren (1632 - 1723)

With an HPI of 65.88, Christopher Wren is the 2nd most famous British Architect.  His biography has been translated into 69 different languages.

Sir Christopher Wren FRS (; 30 October 1632 [O.S. 20 October] – 8 March 1723 [O.S. 25 February]) was an English architect, astronomer, mathematician and physicist who was one of the most highly acclaimed architects in the history of England. Known for his work in the English Baroque style, he was accorded responsibility for rebuilding 52 churches in the City of London after the Great Fire in 1666, including what is regarded as his masterpiece, St Paul's Cathedral, on Ludgate Hill, completed in 1710.The principal creative responsibility for a number of the churches is now more commonly attributed to others in his office, especially Nicholas Hawksmoor. Other notable buildings by Wren include the Royal Hospital Chelsea, the Old Royal Naval College, Greenwich, and the south front of Hampton Court Palace. Educated in Latin and Aristotelian physics at the University of Oxford, Wren was a founder of the Royal Society and served as its president from 1680 to 1682. His scientific work was highly regarded by Isaac Newton and Blaise Pascal.

Photo of James Stirling

3. James Stirling (1926 - 1992)

With an HPI of 59.19, James Stirling is the 3rd most famous British Architect.  His biography has been translated into 37 different languages.

Sir James Frazer Stirling (22 April 1926 – 25 June 1992) was a British architect. Stirling worked in partnership with James Gowan from 1956 to 1963, then with Michael Wilford from 1971 until 1992.

Photo of Inigo Jones

4. Inigo Jones (1573 - 1652)

With an HPI of 58.51, Inigo Jones is the 4th most famous British Architect.  His biography has been translated into 53 different languages.

Inigo Jones (; possibly born Ynyr Jones; 15 July 1573 – 21 June 1652) was the first significant architect in England in the early modern period, and the first to employ Vitruvian rules of proportion and symmetry in his buildings. As the most notable architect in England, Jones was the first person to introduce the classical architecture of Rome and the Italian Renaissance to Britain. He left his mark on London by his design of single buildings, such as the Queen's House which is the first building in England designed in a pure classical style, and the Banqueting House, Whitehall, as well as the layout for Covent Garden square which became a model for future developments in the West End. He made major contributions to stage design by his work as a theatrical designer for several dozen masques, most by royal command and many in collaboration with Ben Jonson.

Photo of Robert Adam

5. Robert Adam (1728 - 1792)

With an HPI of 57.52, Robert Adam is the 5th most famous British Architect.  His biography has been translated into 42 different languages.

Robert Adam (3 July 1728 – 3 March 1792) was a British neoclassical architect, interior designer and furniture designer. He was the son of William Adam (1689–1748), Scotland's foremost architect of the time, and trained under him. With his older brother John, Robert took on the family business, which included lucrative work for the Board of Ordnance, after William's death. In 1754, he left for Rome, spending nearly five years on the continent studying architecture under Charles-Louis Clérisseau and Giovanni Battista Piranesi. On his return to Britain he established a practice in London, where he was joined by his younger brother James. Here he developed the "Adam Style", and his theory of "movement" in architecture, based on his studies of antiquity and became one of the most successful and fashionable architects in the country. Adam held the post of Architect of the King's Works from 1761 to 1769. Robert Adam was a leader of the first phase of the classical revival in England and Scotland from around 1760 until his death. He influenced the development of Western architecture, both in Europe and in North America. Adam designed interiors and fittings as well as houses. Much of his work consisted of remodelling existing houses, as well as contributions to Edinburgh's townscape and designing romantic pseudo-mediaeval country houses in Scotland.He served as the member of Parliament for Kinross-shire from 1768 to 1774.

Photo of Joseph Paxton

6. Joseph Paxton (1803 - 1865)

With an HPI of 57.09, Joseph Paxton is the 6th most famous British Architect.  His biography has been translated into 26 different languages.

Sir Joseph Paxton (3 August 1803 – 8 June 1865) was an English gardener, architect, engineer and Member of Parliament, best known for designing the Crystal Palace and for cultivating the Cavendish banana, the most consumed banana in the Western world.

Photo of Michael Ventris

7. Michael Ventris (1922 - 1956)

With an HPI of 57.09, Michael Ventris is the 7th most famous British Architect.  His biography has been translated into 32 different languages.

Michael George Francis Ventris, (; 12 July 1922 – 6 September 1956) was an English architect, classicist and philologist who deciphered Linear B, the ancient Mycenaean Greek script. A student of languages, Ventris had pursued decipherment as a personal vocation since his adolescence. After creating a new field of study, Ventris died in a car crash a few weeks before the publication of Documents in Mycenaean Greek, written with John Chadwick.

Photo of John Nash

8. John Nash (1752 - 1835)

With an HPI of 55.67, John Nash is the 8th most famous British Architect.  His biography has been translated into 33 different languages.

John Nash (18 January 1752 – 13 May 1835) was one of the foremost British architects of the Georgian and Regency eras, during which he was responsible for the design, in the neoclassical and picturesque styles, of many important areas of London. His designs were financed by the Prince Regent and by the era's most successful property developer, James Burton. Nash also collaborated extensively with Burton's son, Decimus Burton.Nash's best-known solo designs are the Royal Pavilion, Brighton; Marble Arch; and Buckingham Palace. His best-known collaboration with James Burton is Regent Street and his best-known collaborations with Decimus Burton are Regent's Park and its terraces and Carlton House Terrace. The majority of his buildings, including those that the Burtons did not contribute to, were built by James Burton's company.

Photo of Ebenezer Howard

9. Ebenezer Howard (1850 - 1928)

With an HPI of 54.60, Ebenezer Howard is the 9th most famous British Architect.  His biography has been translated into 26 different languages.

Sir Ebenezer Howard (29 January 1850 – 1 May 1928) was an English urban planner and founder of the garden city movement, known for his publication To-Morrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform (1898), the description of a utopian city in which people live harmoniously together with nature. The publication resulted in the founding of the garden city movement, and the building of the first garden city, Letchworth Garden City, commenced in 1903. The second true Garden City was Welwyn Garden City (1920) and the movement influenced the development of several model suburbs in other countries, such as Forest Hills Gardens designed by F. L. Olmsted Jr. in 1909, Radburn NJ (1923), Pinelands, Cape Town and the Suburban Resettlement Program towns of the 1930s (Greenbelt, Maryland; Greenhills, Ohio; Greenbrook, New Jersey and Greendale, Wisconsin).Howard aimed to reduce the alienation of humans and society from nature, and hence advocated garden cities and Georgism. Howard is believed by many to be one of the great guides to the town planning movement, with many of his garden city principles being used in modern town planning.

Photo of Glenn Murcutt

10. Glenn Murcutt (1936 - )

With an HPI of 54.55, Glenn Murcutt is the 10th most famous British Architect.  His biography has been translated into 32 different languages.

Glenn Marcus Murcutt (born 25 July 1936) is an Australian architect and winner of the 1992 Alvar Aalto Medal, the 2002 Pritzker Architecture Prize, the 2009 American Institute of Architects Gold Medal and the 2021 Praemium Imperiale. Glenn Murcutt works as a sole practitioner without staff, builds only within Australia and is known to be very selective with his projects. Being the only Australian winner of the prestigious Pritzker Prize, he is often referred to as Australia's most famous architect.

Pantheon has 47 people classified as architects born between 1573 and 1953. Of these 47, 6 (12.77%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living architects include Norman Foster, Baron Foster of Thames Bank, Glenn Murcutt, and David Chipperfield. The most famous deceased architects include Christopher Wren, James Stirling, and Inigo Jones. As of April 2022, 6 new architects have been added to Pantheon including Edward Blore, Peter Cook, and Carlos Raúl Villanueva.

Living Architects

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Deceased Architects

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Newly Added Architects (2022)

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Which Architects were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 25 most globally memorable Architects since 1700.