The Most Famous

ARCHITECTS from France

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This page contains a list of the greatest French Architects. The pantheon dataset contains 424 Architects, 43 of which were born in France. This makes France the birth place of the 2nd most number of Architects.

Top 10

The following people are considered by Pantheon to be the top 10 most legendary French Architects of all time. This list of famous French Architects is sorted by HPI (Historical Popularity Index), a metric that aggregates information on a biography’s online popularity. Visit the rankings page to view the entire list of French Architects.

Photo of Georges-Eugène Haussmann

1. Georges-Eugène Haussmann (1809 - 1891)

With an HPI of 76.40, Georges-Eugène Haussmann is the most famous French Architect.  His biography has been translated into 50 different languages on wikipedia.

Georges-Eugène Haussmann, commonly known as Baron Haussmann (French: [ʒɔʁʒ øʒɛn (ba.ʁɔ̃)]; 27 March 1809 – 11 January 1891), was a French official who served as prefect of Seine (1853–1870), chosen by Emperor Napoleon III to carry out a massive urban renewal programme of new boulevards, parks and public works in Paris commonly referred to as Haussmann's renovation of Paris. Critics forced his resignation for extravagance, but his vision of the city still dominates central Paris.

Photo of André Le Nôtre

2. André Le Nôtre (1613 - 1700)

With an HPI of 76.29, André Le Nôtre is the 2nd most famous French Architect.  His biography has been translated into 44 different languages.

André Le Nôtre (French pronunciation: ​[ɑ̃dʁe lə notʁ]; 12 March 1613 – 15 September 1700), originally rendered as André Le Nostre, was a French landscape architect and the principal gardener of King Louis XIV of France. He was the landscape architect who designed the gardens of the Palace of Versailles, and his work represents the height of the French formal garden style, or jardin à la française. Prior to working on Versailles, Le Nôtre collaborated with Louis Le Vau and Charles Le Brun on the park at Vaux-le-Vicomte. His other works include the design of gardens and parks at Chantilly, Fontainebleau, Saint-Cloud and Saint-Germain. His contribution to planning was also significant: at the Tuileries he extended the westward vista, which later became the avenue of the Champs-Élysées and comprise the Axe historique.

Photo of Eugène Viollet-le-Duc

3. Eugène Viollet-le-Duc (1814 - 1879)

With an HPI of 75.86, Eugène Viollet-le-Duc is the 3rd most famous French Architect.  His biography has been translated into 47 different languages.

Eugène Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc (French: [øʒɛn vjɔlɛlədyk]; 27 January 1814 – 17 September 1879) was a French architect and author who restored many prominent medieval landmarks in France, including those which had been damaged or abandoned during the French Revolution. His major restoration projects included Notre-Dame de Paris, the Basilica of Saint Denis, Mont Saint-Michel, Sainte-Chapelle, and the medieval walls of the city of Carcassonne, and he planned much of the physical construction of the Statue of Liberty (Liberty Enlightening the World). His later writings on the relationship between form and function in architecture had a notable influence on a new generation of architects, including Victor Horta, Hector Guimard, Antoni Gaudí, Hendrik Petrus Berlage, Louis Sullivan and Frank Lloyd Wright.

Photo of Suger

4. Suger (1080 - 1151)

With an HPI of 74.50, Suger is the 4th most famous French Architect.  His biography has been translated into 34 different languages.

Suger (French: [syʒɛʁ]; Latin: Sugerius; c. 1081 – 13 January 1151) was a French abbot, statesman, and historian. He was one of the earliest patrons of Gothic architecture, and is widely credited with popularizing the style.

Photo of Jules Hardouin-Mansart

5. Jules Hardouin-Mansart (1646 - 1708)

With an HPI of 73.82, Jules Hardouin-Mansart is the 5th most famous French Architect.  His biography has been translated into 34 different languages.

Jules Hardouin-Mansart (French pronunciation: ​[ʒyl aʁdwɛ̃ mɑ̃saʁ]; 16 April 1646 – 11 May 1708) was a French Baroque architect and builder whose major work included the Place des Victoires (1684–1690); Place Vendôme (1690); the domed chapel of Les Invalides (1690), and the Grand Trianon of the Palace of Versailles. His monumental work was designed to glorify the reign of Louis XIV of France.

Photo of François Mansart

6. François Mansart (1598 - 1666)

With an HPI of 73.09, François Mansart is the 6th most famous French Architect.  His biography has been translated into 43 different languages.

François Mansart (23 January 1598 – 23 September 1666) was a French architect credited with introducing classicism into Baroque architecture of France. The Encyclopædia Britannica cites him as the most accomplished of 17th-century French architects whose works "are renowned for their high degree of refinement, subtlety, and elegance".Mansart, as he is generally known, popularized the mansard roof, a four-sided, double slope gambrel roof punctuated with windows on the steeper lower slope which created additional habitable space in the garrets.

Photo of Louis Le Vau

7. Louis Le Vau (1612 - 1670)

With an HPI of 72.50, Louis Le Vau is the 7th most famous French Architect.  His biography has been translated into 34 different languages.

Louis Le Vau (1612 – 11 October 1670) was a French Baroque architect, who worked for Louis XIV of France. He was an architect that helped develop the French Classical style in the 17th Century.

Photo of Charles Garnier

8. Charles Garnier (1825 - 1898)

With an HPI of 71.98, Charles Garnier is the 8th most famous French Architect.  His biography has been translated into 34 different languages.

Jean-Louis Charles Garnier (pronounced [ʃaʁl ɡaʁnje]; 6 November 1825 – 3 August 1898) was a French architect, perhaps best known as the architect of the Palais Garnier and the Opéra de Monte-Carlo.

Photo of Jean Nouvel

9. Jean Nouvel (1945 - )

With an HPI of 71.88, Jean Nouvel is the 9th most famous French Architect.  His biography has been translated into 47 different languages.

Jean Nouvel (French: [ʒɑ̃ nuvɛl]; born 12 August 1945) is a French architect. Nouvel studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris and was a founding member of Mars 1976 and Syndicat de l'Architecture. He has obtained a number of prestigious distinctions over the course of his career, including the Aga Khan Award for Architecture (technically, the prize was awarded for the Institut du Monde Arabe which Nouvel designed), the Wolf Prize in Arts in 2005 and the Pritzker Prize in 2008. A number of museums and architectural centres have presented retrospectives of his work.

Photo of Hector Guimard

10. Hector Guimard (1867 - 1942)

With an HPI of 71.65, Hector Guimard is the 10th most famous French Architect.  His biography has been translated into 29 different languages.

Hector Guimard (10 March 1867 – 20 May 1942) was a French architect and designer, and a prominent figure of the Art Nouveau style. He achieved early fame with his design for the Castel Beranger, the first Art Nouveau apartment building in Paris, which was selected in an 1899 competition as one of the best new building facades in the city. He is best known for the glass and iron edicules or canopies, with ornamental Art Nouveau curves, which he designed to cover the entrances of the first stations of the Paris Metro.Between 1890 and 1930, Guimard designed and built some fifty buildings, in addition to one hundred and forty-one subway entrances for Paris Metro, as well as numerous pieces of furniture and other decorative works. However, in the 1910s Art Nouveau went out of fashion and by the 1960s most of his works had been demolished, and only two of his original Metro edicules were still in place. Guimard's critical reputation revived in the 1960s, in part due to subsequent acquisitions of his work by Museum of Modern Art, and art historians have noted the originality and importance of his architectural and decorative works.

Pantheon has 43 people classified as architects born between 1080 and 1953. Of these 43, 2 (4.65%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living architects include Jean Nouvel and Dominique Perrault. The most famous deceased architects include Georges-Eugène Haussmann, André Le Nôtre, and Eugène Viollet-le-Duc. As of October 2020, 5 new architects have been added to Pantheon including Charlotte Perriand, Édouard André, and Salomon de Brosse.

Living Architects

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Deceased Architects

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Newly Added Architects (2020)

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Which Architects were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 25 most globally memorable Architects since 1700.