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Urie Bronfenbrenner

1917 - 2005

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Urie Bronfenbrenner (April 29, 1917 – September 25, 2005) was a Russian-born American psychologist best known for using a contextual framework to better understand human development. This framework, broadly referred to as 'ecological systems theory', was formalized in an article published in American Psychologist, articulated in a series of propositions and hypotheses in his most cited book, The Ecology of Human Development and further developed in The Bioecological Model of Human Development and later writings. He argued that natural experiments and applied developmental interventions provide valuable scientific opportunities. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Urie Bronfenbrenner has received more than 757,207 page views. His biography is available in 22 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 21 in 2019). Urie Bronfenbrenner is the 100th most popular psychologist (up from 110th in 2019), the 496th most popular biography from Russia (up from 503rd in 2019) and the 5th most popular Russian Psychologist.

Memorability Metrics

  • 760k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 58.37

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 22

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.45

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.11

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Urie Bronfenbrenners by language


Among psychologists, Urie Bronfenbrenner ranks 100 out of 183Before him are Harry Stack Sullivan, Charles Spearman, John Money, René Spitz, Benjamin Spock, and Michael Balint. After him are Théodule-Armand Ribot, Otto Gross, Hugo Münsterberg, Clark L. Hull, Heinz Kohut, and Rudolf Arnheim.

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Among people born in 1917, Urie Bronfenbrenner ranks 75Before him are Ettore Sottsass, Juan Rulfo, Magda Szabó, Stéphane Hessel, John B. Calhoun, and Robert Bloch. After him are Yevgeny Khaldei, Will Eisner, Hirokazu Ninomiya, Obdulio Varela, Jean Rouch, and Pedro Infante. Among people deceased in 2005, Urie Bronfenbrenner ranks 61Before him are Gnassingbé Eyadéma, William Westmoreland, Robert Sheckley, Arman, Victoria de los Ángeles, and Dana Elcar. After him are Will Eisner, Robert Moog, Carlo Maria Giulini, Richard Smalley, Ba Jin, and Zhang Chunqiao.

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In Russia

Among people born in Russia, Urie Bronfenbrenner ranks 496 out of 3,262Before him are Yevgeny Mravinsky (1903), Valery Gerasimov (1955), Ivan Bilibin (1876), Sacha Guitry (1885), Viktor Belenko (1947), and Grigory Mikhaylovich Semyonov (1890). After him are Maria Spiridonova (1884), Ivan Maisky (1884), Leonid Gaidai (1923), Nikolay Zhukovsky (1847), Dmitry Muratov (1961), and Alexander Butlerov (1828).


Among psychologists born in Russia, Urie Bronfenbrenner ranks 5Before him are Sabina Spielrein (1885), Alexander Luria (1902), Vladimir Bekhterev (1857), and Aleksei N. Leontiev (1903). After him are Nicholas Miklouho-Maclay (1846) and Victor Skumin (1948).