Sophie Scholl

1921 - 1943

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Sophia Magdalena Scholl (9 May 1921 – 22 February 1943) was a German student and anti-Nazi political activist, active within the White Rose non-violent resistance group in Nazi Germany. She was convicted of high treason after having been found distributing anti-war leaflets at the University of Munich (LMU) with her brother, Hans. For her actions, she was executed by guillotine. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Sophie Scholl has received more than 3,724,569 page views. Her biography is available in 60 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 56 in 2019). Sophie Scholl is the 38th most popular social activist, the 293rd most popular biography from Germany (up from 316th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular German Social Activist.

Sophie Scholl was a German student and anti-Nazi activist who was executed by guillotine at the age of 22. She was convicted of high treason for distributing anti-Nazi leaflets at the University of Munich, and was executed with her brother Hans.

Memorability Metrics

  • 3.7M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 69.42

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 60

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.87

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.67

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among social activists, Sophie Scholl ranks 38 out of 840Before her are Élie Ducommun, Sadako Sasaki, Emiliano Zapata, Lady Godiva, Ferdinand Lassalle, and Jan Palach. After her are Shirin Ebadi, Simon Wiesenthal, Emmeline Pankhurst, Martin Niemöller, Angela Davis, and Jamāl al-Dīn al-Afghānī.

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Among people born in 1921, Sophie Scholl ranks 16Before her are Giulietta Masina, Fawzia Fuad of Egypt, John Rawls, Simone Signoret, Fahd of Saudi Arabia, and Jean-Bédel Bokassa. After her are Hua Guofeng, Friedrich Dürrenmatt, Joseph Beuys, Peter Ustinov, Gunnar Nordahl, and Paulo Freire. Among people deceased in 1943, Sophie Scholl ranks 12Before her are Simone Weil, Karl Landsteiner, Camille Claudel, Henrik Pontoppidan, Boris III of Bulgaria, and Theodor Eicke. After her are Henri La Fontaine, Yakov Dzhugashvili, Chaim Soutine, Władysław Sikorski, Alexandre Millerand, and Nikolai Vavilov.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Sophie Scholl ranks 293 out of 7,253Before her are Irma Grese (1923), Carl Zeiss (1816), Wilhelm Eduard Weber (1804), Ernst Ruska (1906), Wilhelm Grimm (1786), and Hans Memling (1435). After her are Martin Behaim (1459), Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor (1175), Karl May (1842), Helmut Schmidt (1918), Franz Marc (1880), and Robert Bunsen (1811).


Among social activists born in Germany, Sophie Scholl ranks 3Before her are Claus von Stauffenberg (1907), and Thomas Müntzer (1489). After her are Martin Niemöller (1892), Carl von Ossietzky (1889), Jenny von Westphalen (1814), Horst Wessel (1907), Widukind (755), Anneliese Michel (1952), Hans Scholl (1918), Sophia of Prussia (1870), and Alfred Naujocks (1911).