Rosa Parks

1913 - 2005

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Icon of person Rosa Parks

Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an American activist in the civil rights movement, best known for her pivotal role in the Montgomery bus boycott. The United States Congress has honored her as "the first lady of civil rights" and "the mother of the freedom movement". Parks became an NAACP activist in 1943, participating in several high-profile civil rights campaigns. On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks rejected bus driver James F. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Rosa Parks has received more than 20,733,524 page views. Her biography is available in 103 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 99 in 2019). Rosa Parks is the 18th most popular social activist, the 134th most popular biography from United States (down from 106th in 2019) and the 6th most popular American Social Activist.

Rosa Parks is most famous for refusing to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger.

Memorability Metrics

  • 21M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 74.15

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 103

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.00

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 5.86

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among social activists, Rosa Parks ranks 18 out of 840Before her are Martin Luther King Jr., Jean-Paul Marat, Claus von Stauffenberg, Aung San Suu Kyi, Jane Addams, and Nicholas Winton. After her are Gustav I of Sweden, Peter Kropotkin, Robert Owen, Bertha von Suttner, Thomas Müntzer, and Olympe de Gouges.

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Among people born in 1913, Rosa Parks ranks 7Before her are Richard Nixon, Albert Camus, Gerald Ford, Vivien Leigh, Menachem Begin, and Willy Brandt. After her are Jean Marais, Robert Capa, Josef Bican, Claude Simon, Jesse Owens, and Klaus Barbie. Among people deceased in 2005, Rosa Parks ranks 3Before her are Pope John Paul II, and Edward Heath. After her are Rainier III, Prince of Monaco, George Best, Arthur Miller, Fahd of Saudi Arabia, Claude Simon, Rinus Michels, Peter Drucker, Hans Bethe, and Paul Ricœur.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Rosa Parks ranks 134 out of 20,380Before her are Richard Feynman (1918), Michael Douglas (1944), William Faulkner (1897), Milton Friedman (1912), Patti Smith (1946), and Will Smith (1968). After her are William James (1842), Bobby Fischer (1943), Edwin Hubble (1889), Phineas Gage (1823), Charles Bronson (1921), and Tom Hanks (1956).

Among SOCIAL ACTIVISTS In United States

Among social activists born in United States, Rosa Parks ranks 6Before her are Malcolm X (1925), Eleanor Roosevelt (1884), Helen Keller (1880), Martin Luther King Jr. (1929), and Jane Addams (1860). After her are Emily Greene Balch (1867), Angela Davis (1944), Jimmy Hoffa (1913), Harriet Tubman (1820), Susan B. Anthony (1820), and Jody Williams (1950).