Robert Guiscard

1016 - 1085

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Robert "Guiscard" de Hauteville, sometimes Robert "the Guiscard" ( ghee-SKAR, Modern French: [ɡiskaʁ]; c. 1015 – 17 July 1085), was a Norman adventurer remembered for his conquest of southern Italy and Sicily in the 11th century. Robert was born into the Hauteville family in Normandy, the sixth son of Tancred de Hauteville and his wife Fressenda. Through his mother, he was possibly a grandson of Richard the Fearless. He inherited the County of Apulia and Calabria in 1057, and in 1059 he was made Duke of Apulia and Calabria and Lord of Sicily by Pope Nicholas II. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Robert Guiscard has received more than 795,290 page views. His biography is available in 50 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 49 in 2019). Robert Guiscard is the 59th most popular nobleman (down from 57th in 2019), the 356th most popular biography from France (down from 333rd in 2019) and the 11th most popular French Nobleman.

Robert Guiscard was a Norman mercenary who became the first Norman ruler of southern Italy and Sicily.

Memorability Metrics

  • 800k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 70.01

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 50

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.19

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.09

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among noblemen, Robert Guiscard ranks 59 out of 1,415Before him are Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, Alexandra Feodorovna, Rollo, Empress Matilda, Henry IV of England, and Herodias. After him are Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, Philip the Bold, Charles, Count of Valois, Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, Olga of Kiev, and Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia.

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Among people born in 1016, Robert Guiscard ranks 3Before him are Harold Harefoot, and Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor. After him are Ferdinand I of León, Béla I of Hungary, Casimir I the Restorer, Emperor Xingzong of Liao, Deokjong of Goryeo, Edward the Exile, Naropa, Svein Knutsson, and Amadeus I, Count of Savoy. Among people deceased in 1085, Robert Guiscard ranks 2Before him is Pope Gregory VII. After him are Emperor Shenzong of Song, Al-Juwayni, and Cheng Hao.

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In France

Among people born in France, Robert Guiscard ranks 356 out of 6,770Before him are Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban (1633), Brigitte Macron (1953), Philippe Noiret (1930), Louis Renault (1843), Olivier Messiaen (1908), and Gérard Philipe (1922). After him are Denis Papin (1647), Édouard Daladier (1884), Adolphe Thiers (1797), Jean Renoir (1894), Roger Martin du Gard (1881), and Joseph Marie Jacquard (1752).

Among NOBLEMEN In France

Among noblemen born in France, Robert Guiscard ranks 11Before him are Louis Antoine, Duke of Angoulême (1775), Charles the Bold (1433), Margaret of Valois (1553), Philippe I, Duke of Orléans (1640), Pope Leo IX (1002), and Raynald of Châtillon (1123). After him are Philip the Bold (1342), Charles, Count of Valois (1270), Philippe II, Duke of Orléans (1674), Jeanne d'Albret (1528), Roger I of Sicily (1031), and Joan of France, Duchess of Berry (1464).