1865 - 1929

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Jānis Pliekšāns (11 September 1865 – 12 September 1929), known by his pseudonym Rainis, was a Latvian poet, playwright, translator, and politician. Rainis' works include the classic plays Uguns un nakts (Fire and Night, 1905) and Indulis un Ārija (Indulis and Ārija, 1911), and a highly regarded translation of Goethe's Faust. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Rainis has received more than 92,962 page views. His biography is available in 30 different languages on Wikipedia. Rainis is the 1,531st most popular writer (up from 1,635th in 2019), the 24th most popular biography from Latvia (up from 33rd in 2019) and the 2nd most popular Latvian Writer.

Memorability Metrics

  • 93k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 58.32

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 30

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 4.72

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.77

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Notable Works

Wildflowers of Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont (Wildflowers of Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont)
Nature Projects for Young Scientists
Natural history, Experiments, Juvenile literature
Zelta zirgs
Gals un sākums
Uguns un nakts
Izbrannye proizvedenii︠a︡


Among writers, Rainis ranks 1,531 out of 7,302Before him are Jean François Paul de Gondi, Edward Albee, Juan Goytisolo, Catherine of Bologna, Anne Desclos, and Carson McCullers. After him are Adolph Freiherr Knigge, Asconius Pedianus, Andal, Kuvempu, Giovannino Guareschi, and John Gay.

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Among people born in 1865, Rainis ranks 48Before him are Lala Lajpat Rai, Rüdiger von der Goltz, Princess Marie of Orléans, Wilfrid Voynich, Abraham Isaac Kook, and Frederick Cook. After him are Charles Bally, Edith Cavell, Wilbur Scoville, Sabino Arana, Jovan Cvijić, and Shigechiyo Izumi. Among people deceased in 1929, Rainis ranks 39Before him are Jan Baudouin de Courtenay, Liang Qichao, Tanaka Giichi, Carl Auer von Welsbach, Oldfield Thomas, and La Goulue. After him are Maurice Sarrail, Aletta Jacobs, Manuel Gomes da Costa, Enrico Ferri, Grand Duke Michael Mikhailovich of Russia, and Mahidol Adulyadej.

Others Born in 1865

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Others Deceased in 1929

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In Latvia

Among people born in Latvia, Rainis ranks 24 out of 323Before him are Mischa Maisky (1948), Andris Bērziņš (1944), Abraham Isaac Kook (1865), Jānis Lūsis (1939), Egils Levits (1955), and Wolfgang Lüth (1913). After him are Raimonds Pauls (1936), Frederick Casimir Kettler (1650), Pauline Therese of Württemberg (1800), Frederick William, Duke of Courland (1692), Jānis Čakste (1859), and Pēteris Vasks (1946).

Among WRITERS In Latvia

Among writers born in Latvia, Rainis ranks 2Before him are Aron Nimzowitsch (1886). After him are Jakob Michael Reinhold Lenz (1751), Barbara von Krüdener (1764), Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski (1876), Aspazija (1865), Vilis Lācis (1904), Maria Skobtsova (1891), Kristjan Jaak Peterson (1801), Anšlavs Eglītis (1906), Yury Tynyanov (1894), and Krišjānis Barons (1835).