Pedro II of Brazil

1825 - 1891

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Icon of person Pedro II of Brazil

Dom Pedro II (2 December 1825 – 5 December 1891), nicknamed the Magnanimous (Portuguese: O Magnânimo), was the second and last monarch of the Empire of Brazil, reigning for over 58 years. Pedro II was born in Rio de Janeiro, the seventh child of Emperor Dom Pedro I of Brazil and Empress Dona Maria Leopoldina and thus a member of the Brazilian branch of the House of Braganza (Portuguese: Bragança). His father's abrupt abdication and departure to Europe in 1831 left the five-year-old as emperor and led to a lonely childhood and adolescence, obliged to spend his time studying in preparation for rule. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Pedro II of Brazil has received more than 3,051,434 page views. His biography is available in 68 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 63 in 2019). Pedro II of Brazil is the 748th most popular politician (up from 969th in 2019), the 13th most popular biography from Brazil (down from 10th in 2019) and the 4th most popular Brazilian Politician.

Pedro II of Brazil is most famous for being the last Brazilian Emperor and for his abolition of slavery.

Memorability Metrics

  • 3.1M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 71.32

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 68

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.22

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.09

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among politicians, Pedro II of Brazil ranks 748 out of 19,576Before him are Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Börte, John Quincy Adams, Jérôme Bonaparte, Sun Quan, and Napoléon Louis Bonaparte. After him are Boudica, Conrad III of Germany, Cao Pi, Qaboos bin Said al Said, Martti Ahtisaari, and Ptolemy V Epiphanes.

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Among people born in 1825, Pedro II of Brazil ranks 2Before him is Johann Strauss II. After him are William-Adolphe Bouguereau, Thomas Henry Huxley, Ferdinand Lassalle, Jean-Martin Charcot, Johann Jakob Balmer, Charles Garnier, Paul Kruger, Emil Erlenmeyer, Marie of Prussia, and Dadabhai Naoroji. Among people deceased in 1891, Pedro II of Brazil ranks 6Before him are Arthur Rimbaud, Nikolaus Otto, Georges Seurat, Helena Blavatsky, and Herman Melville. After him are Helmuth von Moltke the Elder, Georges-Eugène Haussmann, Sofia Kovalevskaya, P. T. Barnum, Léo Delibes, and Wilhelm Eduard Weber.

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In Brazil

Among people born in Brazil, Pedro II of Brazil ranks 13 out of 2,236Before him are Oscar Niemeyer (1907), Zico (1953), Ayrton Senna (1960), Dilma Rousseff (1947), Jair Bolsonaro (1955), and Jairzinho (1944). After him are Rivellino (1946), Carlos Alberto Torres (1944), Sócrates (1954), Didi (1928), João Havelange (1916), and Getúlio Vargas (1882).


Among politicians born in Brazil, Pedro II of Brazil ranks 4Before him are Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (1945), Dilma Rousseff (1947), and Jair Bolsonaro (1955). After him are Getúlio Vargas (1882), Michel Temer (1940), Maria II of Portugal (1819), Juscelino Kubitschek (1902), Fernando Henrique Cardoso (1931), Deodoro da Fonseca (1827), Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco (1897), and João Goulart (1918).