Omar Mukhtar

1858 - 1931

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Omar al-Mukhṭār Muḥammad bin Farḥāṭ al-Manifī (Arabic: عُمَر الْمُخْتَار مُحَمَّد بِن فَرْحَات الْمَنِفِي; 20 August 1858 – 16 September 1931), called The Lion of the Desert, known among the colonial Italians as Matari of the Mnifa, was the leader of native resistance in Cyrenaica (currently Eastern Libya) under the Senussids, against the Italian colonization of Libya. A teacher-turned-general, Omar was also a prominent figure of the Senussi movement, and he is considered the national hero of Libya and a symbol of resistance in the Arab and Islamic worlds. Beginning in 1911, he organised and, for nearly twenty years, led the Libyan resistance movement against the Italian colonial empire during the Pacification of Libya. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Omar Mukhtar has received more than 721,836 page views. His biography is available in 43 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 41 in 2019). Omar Mukhtar is the 38th most popular social activist (up from 46th in 2019), the 10th most popular biography from Libya and the most popular Libyan Social Activist.

Omar Mukhtar is most famous for his role in the Libyan resistance against the Italian invasion of Libya.

Memorability Metrics

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    Page Views (PV)

  • 75.62

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 43

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.59

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.49

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among social activists, Omar Mukhtar ranks 38 out of 544Before him are Jan Palach, Jamāl al-Dīn al-Afghānī, Sadako Sasaki, Sophie Scholl, Jimmy Hoffa, and Pheidippides. After him are Simon Wiesenthal, Alexey Stakhanov, Carl von Ossietzky, Stenka Razin, Élie Ducommun, and Shirin Ebadi.

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Among people born in 1858, Omar Mukhtar ranks 12Before him are Theodore Roosevelt, Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria, Georg Simmel, Gustaf V of Sweden, Emmeline Pankhurst, and Franz Boas. After him are Giuseppe Peano, Eliezer Ben-Yehuda, Christiaan Eijkman, Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein, Charles de Foucauld, and Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont. Among people deceased in 1931, Omar Mukhtar ranks 11Before him are Lili Elbe, George Herbert Mead, Geli Raubal, Arthur Schnitzler, Albert A. Michelson, and Otto Wallach. After him are Theo van Doesburg, Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca, Carl Nielsen, F. W. Murnau, Joseph Joffre, and Erik Axel Karlfeldt.

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In Libya

Among people born in Libya, Omar Mukhtar ranks 10 out of 59Before him are Arius (256), Mark the Evangelist (10), Aristippus (-434), Simon of Cyrene (-100), Callimachus (-310), and Idris of Libya (1889). After him are Khalifa Haftar (1943), Pope Victor I (100), Carneades (-214), Berenice II of Egypt (-267), Synesius (370), and Lorenzo Bandini (1935).


Among social activists born in Libya, Omar Mukhtar ranks 1