Margaret of Parma

1522 - 1586

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Margaret (Italian: Margherita di Parma; 5 July 1522 – 18 January 1586) was Duchess of Parma from 1547 to 1586 as the wife of Duke Ottavio Farnese and Governor of the Netherlands from 1559 to 1567 and from 1578 to 1582. She was the illegitimate daughter of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, and Johanna Maria van der Gheynst. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Margaret of Parma has received more than 339,874 page views. Her biography is available in 33 different languages on Wikipedia. Margaret of Parma is the 1,205th most popular politician (down from 946th in 2019), the 50th most popular biography from Belgium (down from 39th in 2019) and the 19th most popular Belgian Politician.

Margaret of Parma was the daughter of Emperor Charles V and the sister of King Philip II of Spain. She was the governor of the Netherlands from 1559 to 1567, and she is most famous for her attempts to suppress the Protestant Reformation in the Netherlands.

Memorability Metrics

  • 340k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 68.79

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 33

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.28

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 1.97

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among politicians, Margaret of Parma ranks 1,205 out of 19,576Before her are Elizabeth of Luxembourg, Bessus, Jean Monnet, Maria of Austria, Holy Roman Empress, Albert II of Germany, and Fuad I of Egypt. After her are Johann Friedrich Struensee, Jens Stoltenberg, Hoshea, Soong Ching-ling, Kim Jong-un, and Ilse Koch.

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Among people born in 1522, Margaret of Parma ranks 3Before her are Mihrimah Sultan, and Şehzade Mehmed. After her are Eleanor of Toledo, Ulisse Aldrovandi, Lamoral, Count of Egmont, Lodovico Ferrari, Sen no Rikyū, Joachim du Bellay, Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq, Charles II de Valois, Duke of Orléans, and Moses ben Jacob Cordovero. Among people deceased in 1586, Margaret of Parma ranks 2Before her is Stephen Báthory. After her are Lucas Cranach the Younger, Augustus, Elector of Saxony, Ottavio Farnese, Duke of Parma, Adolf, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp, Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, Primož Trubar, Luis de Morales, Birbal, Ignazio Danti, and Philip Sidney.

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Others Deceased in 1586

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In Belgium

Among people born in Belgium, Margaret of Parma ranks 50 out of 1,190Before her are Henry van de Velde (1863), Marguerite Yourcenar (1903), Henri La Fontaine (1854), Jan Brueghel the Elder (1568), Jules Bordet (1870), and Simon Stevin (1548). After her are Julio Cortázar (1914), Isabella of Austria (1501), Adolphe Sax (1814), Princess Stéphanie of Belgium (1864), Pepin of Landen (585), and Django Reinhardt (1910).

Among POLITICIANS In Belgium

Among politicians born in Belgium, Margaret of Parma ranks 19Before her are Margaret of Austria, Duchess of Savoy (1480), William III of the Netherlands (1817), Mary of Hungary (1505), Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor (1697), Eleanor of Austria (1498), and Pepin of Herstal (635). After her are Princess Stéphanie of Belgium (1864), Léon Degrelle (1906), Herman Van Rompuy (1947), Paul-Henri Spaak (1899), Margaret III, Countess of Flanders (1350), and Henry VI, Count of Luxembourg (1240).