216 - 274

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Icon of person Mani

Mani (; c. April AD 216 – 2 March AD 274 or 26 February AD 277) was an Iranian prophet and the founder of Manichaeism, a religion most prevalent in late antiquity. Mani was born in or near Seleucia-Ctesiphon (south of modern Baghdad) in Mesopotamia, at the time part of the Parthian Empire. Seven of his major works were written in Syriac, and the eighth, dedicated to the Sasanian emperor Shapur I, was written in Middle Persian. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Mani has received more than 153,357 page views. His biography is available in 67 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 61 in 2019). Mani is the 144th most popular religious figure (up from 181st in 2019), the 14th most popular biography from Iraq (down from 12th in 2019) and the 4th most popular Iraqi Religious Figure.

Mani is most famous for being the son of the Hindu god Shiva and his wife Parvati.

Memorability Metrics

  • 150k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 75.07

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 67

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.97

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.33

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among religious figures, Mani ranks 144 out of 3,187Before him are Anselm of Canterbury, Pope Clement I, Moses in Islam, Pope Pius VII, Barnabas, and Pope Paul V. After him are Pope Lucius I, Pope Innocent VIII, Pope John XXII, Isidore of Seville, Pope Sylvester III, and Pope Gregory XV.

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Among people born in 216, Mani ranks 1After him is Gaius Julius Verus Maximus. Among people deceased in 274, Mani ranks 1After him are Pope Felix I, Cao Fang, Tetricus I, and Tetricus II.

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In Iraq

Among people born in Iraq, Mani ranks 14 out of 384Before him are Abu Hanifa (698), Sennacherib (-740), Ashurbanipal (-685), Al-Kindi (801), Ahmad ibn Hanbal (780), and Ibn al-Haytham (965). After him are Rabia of Basra (710), Nur ad-Din (1116), Zaha Hadid (1950), Al-Masudi (896), Nebuchadnezzar I (-1200), and Alexander IV of Macedon (-323).

Others born in Iraq

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Among religious figures born in Iraq, Mani ranks 4Before him are Abraham (-1813), Sarah (-1803), and Abu Hanifa (698). After him are Rabia of Basra (710), Ezra (-500), Muhammad al-Mahdi (869), Belshazzar (-600), Eber (-2038), Junayd of Baghdad (830), Ibn Hisham (701), and Hillel the Elder (-110).