Jean-Baptiste Colbert

1619 - 1683

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Jean-Baptiste Colbert (French: [ʒɑ̃.ba.tist kɔl.bɛʁ]; 29 August 1619 – 6 September 1683) was a French statesman who served as First Minister of State from 1661 until his death in 1683 under the rule of King Louis XIV. His lasting impact on the organization of the country's politics and markets, known as Colbertism, a doctrine often characterized as a variant of mercantilism, earned him the nickname le Grand Colbert ([lə ɡʁɑ̃ kɔl.bɛʁ]; "the Great Colbert"). A native of Reims, he was appointed Intendant of Finances on 4 May 1661. Colbert took over as Controller-General of Finances, a newly created position, in the aftermath of the arrest of Nicolas Fouquet for embezzlement, an event that led to the abolishment of the office of Superintendent of Finances. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Jean-Baptiste Colbert has received more than 1,125,498 page views. His biography is available in 53 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 52 in 2019). Jean-Baptiste Colbert is the 546th most popular politician (down from 496th in 2019), the 235th most popular biography from France (down from 216th in 2019) and the 60th most popular French Politician.

Jean-Baptiste Colbert was a French politician who served as the minister of finance under King Louis XIV. He is most famous for the mercantilist policies he enacted during his time in office, which were designed to promote France's economic growth and power.

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Among politicians, Jean-Baptiste Colbert ranks 546 out of 19,576Before him are Abd al-Rahman III, Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, Pertinax, Franz von Papen, John II of France, and Charles the Simple. After him are Abdulmejid II, Emperor Wu of Han, Elena Ceaușescu, George IV of the United Kingdom, Nader Shah, and Menes.

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Among people born in 1619, Jean-Baptiste Colbert ranks 2Before him is Cyrano de Bergerac. After him are Jan van Riebeeck, Charles Le Brun, Hyojong of Joseon, Barbara Strozzi, Francesco Morosini, Philips Wouwerman, Willem Kalf, Anne Geneviève de Bourbon, Prince Rupert of the Rhine, and Anna Catherine Constance Vasa. Among people deceased in 1683, Jean-Baptiste Colbert ranks 2Before him is Turhan Hatice Sultan. After him are Maria Theresa of Spain, Kara Mustafa Pasha, Afonso VI of Portugal, Guarino Guarini, Maria Francisca of Savoy, Margravine Hedwig Sophie of Brandenburg, Nicolaes Pieterszoon Berchem, Jacob Stainer, John Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, and Juraj Križanić.

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In France

Among people born in France, Jean-Baptiste Colbert ranks 235 out of 6,770Before him are Christian Dior (1905), Antoine Meillet (1866), John II of France (1319), Alfred Sisley (1839), Henri de Saint-Simon (1760), and Charles the Simple (879). After him are Joseph Fouché (1759), Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac (1778), Jeanne Calment (1875), Philippe I, Duke of Orléans (1640), Louis-Ferdinand Céline (1894), and Richard II of England (1367).


Among politicians born in France, Jean-Baptiste Colbert ranks 60Before him are Letizia Ramolino (1750), Nicolas Sarkozy (1955), Charles IV of France (1294), Philip V of France (1293), John II of France (1319), and Charles the Simple (879). After him are Richard II of England (1367), Oscar I of Sweden (1799), Philip III of France (1245), Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour (1810), Philip I of France (1052), and Henry I of France (1008).