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Francesco Borromini

1599 - 1667

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Francesco Borromini (, Italian: [franˈtʃesko borroˈmiːni]), byname of Francesco Castelli (Italian: [kaˈstɛlli]; 25 September 1599 – 2 August 1667), was an Italian architect born in the modern Swiss canton of Ticino who, with his contemporaries Gian Lorenzo Bernini and Pietro da Cortona, was a leading figure in the emergence of Roman Baroque architecture.A keen student of the architecture of Michelangelo and the ruins of Antiquity, Borromini developed an inventive and distinctive, if somewhat idiosyncratic, architecture employing manipulations of Classical architectural forms, geometrical rationales in his plans and symbolic meanings in his buildings. He seems to have had a sound understanding of structures, which perhaps Bernini and Cortona, who were principally trained in other areas of the visual arts, lacked. His soft lead drawings are particularly distinctive. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Francesco Borromini has received more than 394,161 page views. His biography is available in 55 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 54 in 2019). Francesco Borromini is the 18th most popular architect, the 16th most popular biography from Switzerland (down from 15th in 2019) and the 2nd most popular Swiss Architect.

Francesco Borromini is most famous for his work in architecture. He designed the Church of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane, which is considered to be a masterpiece.

Memorability Metrics

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    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.89

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among architects, Francesco Borromini ranks 18 out of 424Before him are Andrea Palladio, Walter Gropius, Frank Lloyd Wright, Oscar Niemeyer, Louis Sullivan, and Zaha Hadid. After him are Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Norman Foster, Baron Foster of Thames Bank, Georges-Eugène Haussmann, Renzo Piano, Frank Gehry, and Otto Wagner.

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Among people born in 1599, Francesco Borromini ranks 5Before him are Diego Velázquez, Oliver Cromwell, Anthony van Dyck, and Pope Alexander VII. After him are Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg, Stefan Czarniecki, Pieter van Laer, Andrea Sacchi, Ottavio Piccolomini, Christian the Younger of Brunswick, and John Berchmans. Among people deceased in 1667, Francesco Borromini ranks 2Before him is Pope Alexander VII. After him are Fatma Sultan, Marie Louise Gonzaga, Peter of Saint Joseph de Betancur, Gabriël Metsu, Johann Jakob Froberger, Alonzo Cano, Nicolas Sanson, Countess Louise Henriette of Nassau, Peter Snayers, and Cornelis van Poelenburgh.

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In Switzerland

Among people born in Switzerland, Francesco Borromini ranks 16 out of 876Before him are Jean-Paul Marat (1743), Sepp Blatter (1936), Paul Klee (1879), Huldrych Zwingli (1484), Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein (1945), and Johanna Spyri (1827). After him are Alberto Giacometti (1901), Johann Bernoulli (1667), Charles Albert Gobat (1843), Albert Hofmann (1906), Ursula Andress (1936), and Carl Spitteler (1845).

Among ARCHITECTS In Switzerland

Among architects born in Switzerland, Francesco Borromini ranks 2Before him are Le Corbusier (1887). After him are Carlo Maderno (1556), Peter Zumthor (1943), Domenico Fontana (1543), Mario Botta (1943), Hannes Meyer (1889), Max Bill (1908), Pietro Lombardo (1435), Bernard Tschumi (1944), Adolphe Appia (1862), and Carlo Fontana (1638).