Filippo Pacini

1812 - 1883

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Filippo Pacini (25 May 1812 – 9 July 1883) was an Italian anatomist, posthumously famous for isolating the cholera bacterium Vibrio cholerae in 1854, well before Robert Koch's more widely accepted discoveries 30 years later.Pacini was born in Pistoia, Tuscany, to Francesco, a humble cobbler, and Umiltà Dolfi, but was given a religious education in hopes that he would become a bishop. However, in 1830, he was given a scholarship to the most venerable medical school in Pistoia. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Filippo Pacini has received more than 60,192 page views. His biography is available in 15 different languages on Wikipedia. Filippo Pacini is the 279th most popular physician (up from 325th in 2019), the 1,935th most popular biography from Italy and the 18th most popular Italian Physician.

Memorability Metrics

  • 60k

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  • 65.49

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 15

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.83

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 1.34

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among physicians, Filippo Pacini ranks 279 out of 509Before him are Friedrich Hoffmann, Randy Schekman, Hakaru Hashimoto, August Oetker, Andrew Taylor Still, and Richard Axel. After him are Michael DeBakey, Harvey Cushing, Hilary Koprowski, Michel-Gabriel Paccard, Moritz Kaposi, and Realdo Colombo.

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Among people born in 1812, Filippo Pacini ranks 26Before him are Paul Abadie, Zuo Zongtang, Georges-Charles de Heeckeren d'Anthès, Pertevniyal Sultan, Berthold Auerbach, and Countess Claudine Rhédey von Kis-Rhéde. After him are James Broun-Ramsay, 1st Marquess of Dalhousie, Ilija Garašanin, Hendrik Conscience, Henry Wilson, Zygmunt Krasiński, and Samuel Smiles. Among people deceased in 1883, Filippo Pacini ranks 26Before him are Tự Đức, Sojourner Truth, Dayananda Saraswati, Franz Doppler, Alexander Gorchakov, and Pertevniyal Sultan. After him are Wilhelm Peters, Hendrik Conscience, Ciprian Porumbescu, Gustave Aimard, Carl Wilhelm Siemens, and Iwakura Tomomi.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Filippo Pacini ranks 1,935 out of 4,088Before him are Giovanni Giocondo (1433), Piero Ferrari (1945), Laura Martinozzi (1639), Antonio Bazzini (1818), Pietro Nardini (1722), and Ottavio Rinuccini (1562). After him are Bettino Ricasoli (1809), Luigi Orione (1872), Iullus Antonius (-43), Bramantino (1465), Giorgio Perlasca (1910), and Giovanni Morelli (1816).


Among physicians born in Italy, Filippo Pacini ranks 18Before him are Andrea Cesalpino (1519), Giovanni Battista Morgagni (1682), Bernardino Ramazzini (1633), Hieronymus Fabricius (1533), Trota of Salerno (1001), and Carlo Urbani (1956). After him are Realdo Colombo (1516), Mondino de Luzzi (1275), Antonio Maria Valsalva (1666), Alessandro Achillini (1463), Giorgio Biandrata (1515), and Antonio Bertoloni (1775).