Bernardino Ramazzini

1633 - 1714

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Bernardino Ramazzini (Italian pronunciation: [bernarˈdino ramat'tsini]; 4 October 1633 – 5 November 1714) was an Italian physician. Ramazzini, along with Francesco Torti, was an early proponent of the use of cinchona bark (from which quinine is derived) in the treatment of malaria. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Bernardino Ramazzini has received more than 113,678 page views. His biography is available in 26 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 24 in 2019). Bernardino Ramazzini is the 202nd most popular physician (down from 197th in 2019), the 1,490th most popular biography from Italy (down from 1,376th in 2019) and the 14th most popular Italian Physician.

Memorability Metrics

  • 110k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 59.37

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 26

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.47

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.30

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among physicians, Bernardino Ramazzini ranks 202 out of 726Before him are Baruch Samuel Blumberg, Neferkare Neby, Albert Calmette, Ludwig Guttmann, Waldemar Hoven, and Zhang Zhongjing. After him are Hasdai ibn Shaprut, Asclepiades of Bithynia, Emil du Bois-Reymond, Li Shizhen, David H. Hubel, and Thomas Willis.

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Among people born in 1633, Bernardino Ramazzini ranks 8Before him are James II of England, Ferdinand IV, King of the Romans, Abbas II of Persia, Emperor Go-Kōmyō, Kaya Sultan, and Samuel Pepys. After him are Anthony Ulrich, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Yun Shouping, Willem van de Velde the Younger, Arsenije III Čarnojević, Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg, and Willem Drost. Among people deceased in 1714, Bernardino Ramazzini ranks 5Before him are Anne, Queen of Great Britain, Maria Luisa of Savoy, Sophia of Hanover, and Charles, Duke of Berry. After him are Andreas Schlüter, Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel, Marie Anne Mancini, Anthony Ulrich, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Constantin Brâncoveanu, Carlo Fontana, and Vasily Golitsyn.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Bernardino Ramazzini ranks 1,490 out of 5,161Before him are Fabrizio De André (1940), Felice Gimondi (1942), Gian Maria Visconti (1388), Ignazio Silone (1900), Francesco Crispi (1818), and Quintus Fabius Pictor (-254). After him are Domenico di Pace Beccafumi (1486), Julia Flavia (64), Prince Amedeo, Duke of Aosta (1898), Pierre Napoléon Bonaparte (1815), Antipope Benedict X (1048), and Bruno Pontecorvo (1913).


Among physicians born in Italy, Bernardino Ramazzini ranks 14Before him are Peter Damian (1007), Giovanni Antonio Scopoli (1723), Bernardino of Siena (1380), Trota of Salerno (1001), Andrea Cesalpino (1519), and Giovanni Battista Morgagni (1682). After him are Pietro Andrea Mattioli (1501), Alessandro Achillini (1463), Hieronymus Fabricius (1533), Antonio Maria Valsalva (1666), Saint Fabiola (400), and Ennio Antonelli (1936).