Antipater the Idumaean

100 BC - 43 BC

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Antipater I the Idumaean (born 113 or 114 BCE, died 43 BCE) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great. According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas and had formerly held that name.A native of Edom, southeast of Judah between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba, which under the Romans came to be known as Idumaea, Antipater became a powerful official under the later Hasmonean kings and subsequently became a client of the Roman general Pompey the Great when Pompey conquered Judah in the name of Roman Republic. When Julius Caesar defeated Pompey, Antipater rescued Caesar in Alexandria, and was made chief minister of Judea, as Judah became known to the Romans, with the right to collect taxes. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Antipater the Idumaean has received more than 230,459 page views. His biography is available in 26 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 25 in 2019). Antipater the Idumaean is the 2,573rd most popular politician (up from 2,641st in 2019).

Antipater the Idumaean was the first governor of Judea following the death of Herod the Great. Antipater is most famous for his brutal suppression of the Jewish population in Jerusalem in 4 BCE, in which he had over 2000 Jews killed.

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  • 26

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.99

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.16

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Antipater the Idumaean ranks 2,573 out of 15,710Before him are Eleanor of Toledo, Amalie Auguste of Bavaria, Alfred Hugenberg, Konstantinos Karamanlis, Gladwyn Jebb, and Jacob Zuma. After him are Sverker I of Sweden, Natalya Naryshkina, Antonio José de Sucre, Julia Maesa, Mary of Clopas, and Catherine of Braganza.

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Among people born in 100 BC, Antipater the Idumaean ranks 16Before him are Cornelius Nepos, Gamaliel, Ambiorix, Ptolemy XI Alexander II, Gaius Octavius, and Andronicus of Rhodes. After him are Mary of Clopas, Publilius Syrus, Titus Labienus, Judas of Galilee, Artavasdes II of Armenia, and Valerius Maximus. Among people deceased in 43 BC, Antipater the Idumaean ranks 3Before him are Cicero and Atia. After him are Quintus Tullius Cicero, Verres, Aulus Hirtius, Publius Cornelius Dolabella, Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus, Gaius Vibius Pansa Caetronianus, Quintus Pedius, Gaius Cassius Longinus Varus, and Servius Sulpicius Rufus.

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