936 - 1013

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Abū al-Qāsim Khalaf ibn al-'Abbās al-Zahrāwī al-Ansari (Arabic: أبو القاسم خلف بن العباس الزهراوي;‎ 936–1013), popularly known as al-Zahrawi (الزهراوي), Latinised as Albucasis or Abulcasis (from Arabic Abū al-Qāsim), was a physician, surgeon and chemist from al-Andalus. He is considered one of the greatest surgeons of the Middle Ages. Al-Zahrawi's principal work is the Kitab al-Tasrif, a thirty-volume encyclopedia of medical practices. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Al-Zahrawi has received more than 823,948 page views. His biography is available in 45 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 44 in 2019). Al-Zahrawi is the 34th most popular physician (down from 31st in 2019), the 86th most popular biography from Spain (down from 83rd in 2019) and the 2nd most popular Spanish Physician.

Al-Zahrawi is most famous for his book, "Al-Tasrif," which is the first illustrated medical text.

Memorability Metrics

  • 820k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 69.44

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 45

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.38

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.04

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among physicians, Al-Zahrawi ranks 34 out of 726Before him are Paul Ehrlich, Willem Einthoven, António Egas Moniz, Allvar Gullstrand, Jean-Martin Charcot, and Qa'a. After him are Marcello Malpighi, Alexis Carrel, Thutmose IV, Rita Levi-Montalcini, Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, and Polycarp.

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Among people born in 936, Al-Zahrawi ranks 1After him is 'Adud al-Dawla. Among people deceased in 1013, Al-Zahrawi ranks 1After him are Hisham II, Al-Baqillani, and Reginar IV, Count of Mons.

Others Born in 936

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Others Deceased in 1013

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In Spain

Among people born in Spain, Al-Zahrawi ranks 86 out of 3,355Before him are Ferdinand VI of Spain (1713), Muhammad XII of Granada (1459), Alfonso VI of León and Castile (1040), Santiago Calatrava (1951), Vicente del Bosque (1950), and Ramón Mercader (1913). After him are Magnus Maximus (335), Isaac Albéniz (1860), Pablo Casals (1876), Peter III of Aragon (1239), José Ortega y Gasset (1883), and Avempace (1080).


Among physicians born in Spain, Al-Zahrawi ranks 2Before him are Michael Servetus (1509). After him are Ibn Zuhr (1091), Joseph Calasanz (1556), Severo Ochoa (1905), Hasdai ibn Shaprut (910), Leander of Seville (534), Petrus Alphonsi (1062), Nicolás Monardes (1508), Gregorio Marañón (1887), Concepción Aleixandre (1862), and Fernando Quiroga Palacios (1900).