Abd al-Samad

1500 - 1593

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'Abd al-Ṣamad or Khwaja 'Abd-us-Ṣamad was a 16th century painter of Persian miniatures who moved to India and became one of the founding masters of the Mughal miniature tradition, and later the holder of a number of senior administrative roles. 'Abd's career under the Mughals, from about 1550 to 1595, is relatively well documented, and a number of paintings are authorised to him from this period. From about 1572 he headed the imperial workshop of the Emperor Akbar and "it was under his guidance that Mughal style came to maturity". Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Abd al-Samad has received more than 108,039 page views. His biography is available in 17 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 15 in 2019). Abd al-Samad is the 1,913th most popular painter (down from 1,683rd in 2019), the 419th most popular biography from Iran (down from 380th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular Iranian Painter.

Memorability Metrics

  • 110k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 44.32

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 17

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 2.79

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.07

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among painters, Abd al-Samad ranks 1,913 out of 2,023Before him are Albert Pinkham Ryder, James Thornhill, William Kentridge, Maja Berezowska, Thalia Flora-Karavia, and John Henry Twachtman. After him are Guity Novin, Tom Thomson, Erik Pevernagie, Rob Gonsalves, Stuart Davis, and Roland Penrose.

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Among people born in 1500, Abd al-Samad ranks 58Before him are Leonardo III Tocco, Joachim Camerarius, Álvaro de Saavedra Cerón, García López de Cárdenas, Nicholas Ridley, and Gómez Pereira.  Among people deceased in 1593, Abd al-Samad ranks 12Before him are Jacques Amyot, Symon Budny, Maciej Stryjkowski, Xu Wei, Hans Bol, and Louis III, Duke of Württemberg.

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In Iran

Among people born in Iran, Abd al-Samad ranks 419 out of 631Before him are Alireza Faghani (1978), Bahman Ghobadi (1969), Mahmoud Namjoo (1918), Shahrnush Parsipur (1946), Nazanin Boniadi (1979), and Leila Hatami (1972). After him are Guity Novin (1944), Mehdi Mahdavikia (1977), Manouchehr Mottaki (1953), Eshaq Jahangiri (1958), Afshin Ghotbi (1964), and Aylar Lie (1984).

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Among PAINTERS In Iran

Among painters born in Iran, Abd al-Samad ranks 3Before him are Reza Abbasi (1565), and Kamal-ol-molk (1848). After him are Guity Novin (1944), Ali Divandari (1957), and Shamsia Hassani (1988).