The Most Famous

POLITICIANS from Paraguay

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This page contains a list of the greatest Paraguayan Politicians. The pantheon dataset contains 15,710 Politicians, 40 of which were born in Paraguay. This makes Paraguay the birth place of the 64th most number of Politicians behind Lebanon and Cuba.

Top 10

The following people are considered by Pantheon to be the top 10 most legendary Paraguayan Politicians of all time. This list of famous Paraguayan Politicians is sorted by HPI (Historical Popularity Index), a metric that aggregates information on a biography’s online popularity. Visit the rankings page to view the entire list of Paraguayan Politicians.

Photo of Alfredo Stroessner

1. Alfredo Stroessner (1912 - 2006)

With an HPI of 75.78, Alfredo Stroessner is the most famous Paraguayan Politician.  His biography has been translated into 59 different languages on wikipedia.

Alfredo Stroessner Matiauda (Spanish: [alˈfɾeðo estɾozˈneɾ]; 3 November 1912 – 16 August 2006) was a Paraguayan Army officer who was the dictator of Paraguay from 1954 to 1989. He ascended to the position after leading an army coup in 1954. His 35-year-long rule, marked by an uninterrupted period of repression in his country, is the longest in modern South American history. In 1954, he ousted Federico Chávez, becoming president after winning an election in which he was the sole candidate. As an anti-communist, Stroessner had the backing of the United States for most of his time in power. His supporters packed the legislature and ran the courts, and he ruthlessly suppressed all opposition. He kept his country in what he called a constant "state of siege" that overruled civil liberties, enforced a cult of personality, and tortured and killed political opponents. Membership in his Colorado Party was a prerequisite for job promotion, free medical care and other services. The constitution had to be modified in 1967 and 1977 to legitimize his six consecutive elections to the presidency. Stroessner provided exile for Nazi war criminals (including Josef Mengele) as well as overthrown dictators, such as Nicaragua's Anastasio Somoza Debayle (later assassinated in Paraguay). In 1988, he won an unprecedented eighth term on a majority, according to official figures, of over 89 percent of the registered vote. Less than a year later, he was overthrown in a military coup d'état led by his former confidant, General Andrés Rodríguez, and forced into exile in Brazil, where he spent the last 17 years of his life. Following a bout of pneumonia, he tried to return to his homeland to die, but was rejected by the government. He died in Brasília on August 16, 2006, of complications from a hernia operation.

Photo of Francisco Solano López

2. Francisco Solano López (1827 - 1870)

With an HPI of 72.65, Francisco Solano López is the 2nd most famous Paraguayan Politician.  His biography has been translated into 41 different languages.

Francisco Solano López Carrillo (24 July 1827 – 1 March 1870) was President of Paraguay from 1862 until his death in 1870. He was the eldest son of Juana Pabla Carrillo and of President Carlos Antonio López, Francisco's predecessor. At a very young age he served in the Paraguayan Army fighting against Juan Manuel de Rosas in the sporadic hostilities sustained by Paraguay and Argentina during the Platine Wars. After the downfall of Rosas, he became Ambassador of Paraguay, as Minister Plenipotentiary, in several European countries from 1853 to 1855. At his return in Asunción, he was appointed Vice-President of the Supreme Government of his father Carlos, and then assumed the Presidency when his father died. He is one of the most controversial figures in South American history, particularly because of the Paraguayan War, known in the Plate Basin as "Guerra de la Triple Alianza". From one perspective, his ambitions were the main reason for the outbreak of the war while other arguments maintain he was a fierce champion of the independence of South American nations against foreign rule and interests. He resisted until the very end and was killed in action during the Battle of Cerro Corá, which marked the end of the war.

Photo of José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia

3. José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia (1766 - 1840)

With an HPI of 67.25, José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia is the 3rd most famous Paraguayan Politician.  His biography has been translated into 29 different languages.

José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia y Velasco (Spanish pronunciation: [xoˈse ɣasˈpaɾ roˈðɾiɣes ðe ˈfɾansia]) (6 January 1766 – 20 September 1840) was a Paraguayan lawyer and politician, and the first dictator (1814–1840) of Paraguay following its 1811 independence from the Spanish Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata. His official title was "Supreme and Perpetual Dictator of Paraguay", but he was popularly known as El Supremo. He is considered to be the chief ideologue and political leader of the faction that advocated for the full independence of Paraguay from the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata and from the Empire of Brazil.

Photo of Fernando Lugo

4. Fernando Lugo (1951 - )

With an HPI of 66.48, Fernando Lugo is the 4th most famous Paraguayan Politician.  His biography has been translated into 55 different languages.

Fernando Armindo Lugo Méndez (Spanish pronunciation: [feɾˈnando aɾˈmindo ˈluɣo ˈmendes]; born 30 May 1951) is a Paraguayan politician who was President of Paraguay from 2008 to 2012. Previously he was a Roman Catholic priest and bishop, serving as Bishop of the Diocese of San Pedro from 1994 to 2005. He was elected as president in 2008, an election that ended 61 years of rule by the Colorado Party.In 2012, he was removed from office through an impeachment process that neighboring countries deemed a coup d'état. He was elected to the Senate of Paraguay in the 2013 general elections.

Photo of Carlos Antonio López

5. Carlos Antonio López (1792 - 1862)

With an HPI of 65.81, Carlos Antonio López is the 5th most famous Paraguayan Politician.  His biography has been translated into 29 different languages.

Carlos Antonio López Ynsfrán (November 4, 1792 – September 10, 1862) served as leader of Paraguay from 1841 to 1862.

Photo of Andrés Rodríguez

6. Andrés Rodríguez (1923 - 1997)

With an HPI of 64.34, Andrés Rodríguez is the 6th most famous Paraguayan Politician.  His biography has been translated into 24 different languages.

Andrés Rodríguez Pedotti (June 19, 1923 – April 21, 1997) was a Paraguayan military officer who served as the President of Paraguay from February 3, 1989 to August 15, 1993. He assumed the presidency in a coup d'état against the 35-year dictator Alfredo Stroessner.

Photo of Horacio Cartes

7. Horacio Cartes (1956 - )

With an HPI of 64.13, Horacio Cartes is the 7th most famous Paraguayan Politician.  His biography has been translated into 63 different languages.

Horacio Manuel Cartes Jara OSC (born 5 July 1956) is a Paraguayan businessman and politician. He was the president of Paraguay from 2013 to 2018. He is a member of the Colorado Party. Cartes owns about two dozen businesses in his Grupo Cartes conglomerate including tobacco, soft drinks, meat production, and banking. He was president of Club Libertad football club from 2001 until 2012, and had been the president of the national team department of the Paraguayan Football Association during the 2010 FIFA World Cup qualification. He is one of Paraguay's wealthiest businessmen.

Photo of Juan Carlos Wasmosy

8. Juan Carlos Wasmosy (1938 - )

With an HPI of 62.94, Juan Carlos Wasmosy is the 8th most famous Paraguayan Politician.  His biography has been translated into 28 different languages.

Juan Carlos Wasmosy Monti (born December 15, 1938) was the president of Paraguay from August 15, 1993 until August 15, 1998. He was a member of the Colorado Party, and the country's first freely elected president, as well as the first civilian president in 39 years.

Photo of José Félix Estigarribia

9. José Félix Estigarribia (1888 - 1940)

With an HPI of 62.48, José Félix Estigarribia is the 9th most famous Paraguayan Politician.  His biography has been translated into 20 different languages.

Marshal José Félix Estigarribia Insaurralde (February 21, 1888 in Caraguatay – September 7, 1940 in Altos) was a decorated war hero in Paraguay during the Chaco War. Elected as President of Paraguay for the Liberal Party, he later became a dictator. He died in a presumed accidental airplane crash barely a year after his election.

Photo of Federico Chávez

10. Federico Chávez (1882 - 1978)

With an HPI of 62.12, Federico Chávez is the 10th most famous Paraguayan Politician.  His biography has been translated into 20 different languages.

Federico Chaves Careaga (February 15, 1882 – April 24, 1978) was a Paraguayan politician and soldier who served as President of Paraguay from September 10, 1949, to May 5, 1954. He was a member of the Colorado Party. Chaves was born on February 15, 1882 in Paraguarí. His parents were the Portuguese Federico Chaves and his wife Felicia Careaga, from Guaira, Paraguay.

Pantheon has 40 people classified as politicians born between 1766 and 1971. Of these 40, 8 (20.00%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living politicians include Fernando Lugo, Horacio Cartes, and Juan Carlos Wasmosy. The most famous deceased politicians include Alfredo Stroessner, Francisco Solano López, and José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia. As of October 2020, 17 new politicians have been added to Pantheon including Rafael Franco, Tomás Romero Pereira, and Juan Bautista Gill.

Living Politicians

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Deceased Politicians

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Newly Added Politicians (2020)

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Which Politicians were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 25 most globally memorable Politicians since 1700.