The Most Famous

POLITICIANS from Nepal

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This page contains a list of the greatest Nepalese Politicians. The pantheon dataset contains 15,710 Politicians, 27 of which were born in Nepal. This makes Nepal the birth place of the 79th most number of Politicians behind Kazakhstan and Madagascar.

Top 10

The following people are considered by Pantheon to be the top 10 most legendary Nepalese Politicians of all time. This list of famous Nepalese Politicians is sorted by HPI (Historical Popularity Index), a metric that aggregates information on a biography’s online popularity. Visit the rankings page to view the entire list of Nepalese Politicians.

Photo of Yaśodharā

1. Yaśodharā (-600 - )

With an HPI of 72.29, Yaśodharā is the most famous Nepalese Politician.  Her biography has been translated into 30 different languages on wikipedia.

Yaśodharā (Pali: Yasodharā, Sanskrit: यशोधरा) was the wife of Prince Siddhartha — until he left his home to become a śramaṇa— the mother of Rāhula, and the sister of Devadatta. She later became a Buddhist Nun and is considered an arahatā. (or Lady Arhat).

Photo of Gyanendra of Nepal

2. Gyanendra of Nepal (1947 - )

With an HPI of 66.53, Gyanendra of Nepal is the 2nd most famous Nepalese Politician.  His biography has been translated into 46 different languages.

Gyanendra Shah (Nepali: ज्ञानेन्द्र शाह; Gyanendra Shah born 7 July 1947) is the last King of Nepal who reigned from 2001 to 2008. As a child, he was briefly king from 1950 to 1951, when his grandfather, Tribhuvan, took political asylum in India with the rest of his family. His second reign began after the 2001 Nepalese royal massacre. Gyanendra's second reign was marked by constitutional turmoil. His predecessor King Birendra had established a constitutional monarchy in which he delegated policy to a representative government. The growing insurgency of the Nepalese Civil War during King Gyanendra's reign interfered with elections of representatives. After several delays in elections, King Gyanendra suspended the constitution and assumed direct authority in February 2005, asserting that it would be a temporary measure to suppress the Maoist insurgency after civil governments had failed to do so. In the face of broad opposition, he restored the previous parliament in April 2006. He was deposed two years later by the first session of the Constituent Assembly, which declared the nation as the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal and abolished the 240-year Shah Dynasty.

Photo of Janaka

3. Janaka ( - )

With an HPI of 66.14, Janaka is the 3rd most famous Nepalese Politician.  His biography has been translated into 23 different languages.

In the Ramayana, Janaka was an ancient Hindu king of Videha, which was located in the Mithila region. His name at birth was Seeradhwaja, and he had a brother named Kushadhwaja. His father's name was Hroshhoroma, a descendant of the king Nimi. The rulers of the Videha kingdom were accorded the title Janaka, though this character is the best known bearer of the same. Janaka is revered as being an ideal example of non-attachment to material possessions. He was intensely interested in spiritual discourse and considered himself free from worldly illusions. His interactions with sages and seekers such as Ashtavakra and Sulabha are recorded in the ancient texts. His relationship with his adopted daughter Sita led her to be called Janaki. The city of Janakpur in Nepal is named after him and his daughter Sita. The Videha (or Mithila) kingdom was historically located between east of Gandaki River, west of Mahananda River, north of the Ganga river and south of the Himalayas.

Photo of Prithvi Narayan Shah

4. Prithvi Narayan Shah (1723 - 1775)

With an HPI of 64.88, Prithvi Narayan Shah is the 4th most famous Nepalese Politician.  His biography has been translated into 33 different languages.

Maharajadhiraj Prithvi Narayan Shah (1723–1775; Nepali: पृथ्वीनारायण शाह) was the last ruler of the Gorkha Kingdom and first monarch of the Kingdom of Nepal (also called Kingdom of Gorkha). Prithvi Narayan Shah started the unification of Nepal.Shah proclaimed the newly unified Kingdom of Nepal as Asal Hindustan ("Real Land of Hindus") due to North India being ruled by the Islamic Mughal rulers. He also referred to the rest of Northern India as Mughlan (Country of Mughals). Prithvi Narayan Shah is commonly, though not formally, considered the Father of the Nation in Nepal.

Photo of Birendra of Nepal

5. Birendra of Nepal (1945 - 2001)

With an HPI of 64.78, Birendra of Nepal is the 5th most famous Nepalese Politician.  His biography has been translated into 38 different languages.

Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev (Nepali: वीरेन्द्र वीर विक्रम शाह देव) (28 December 1945 – 1 June 2001) was the King of Nepal from 31 January 1972 until he died in 2001. As the eldest son of King Mahendra, he reigned until his death by assassination in 2001 Nepalese royal massacre.

Photo of Bidhya Devi Bhandari

6. Bidhya Devi Bhandari (1961 - )

With an HPI of 64.26, Bidhya Devi Bhandari is the 6th most famous Nepalese Politician.  Her biography has been translated into 64 different languages.

Bidya Devi Bhandari (Nepali: विद्यादेवी भण्डारी, pronounced [bid̚djadebi bʱʌɳɖaɾi]; born 19 June 1961) is a Nepalese politician who is serving as the 2nd and current president of Nepal. She formerly served as the minister of defence and minister environment & population. She is the first woman to hold the office in the country. She served as the vice-chairperson of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) and was the chair of the All Nepal Women's Association before being elected president. Bhandari previously served as the Minister of Defence, the first woman to hold the office, from 2009 to 2011. She also served as the Minister of Environment and Population in 1997, and has been an active campaigner for environmental awareness and women rights in Nepal. In June 2017, she visited the headquarters of the International Union for Conservation of Nature in Gland, Switzerland and met with the director general Inger Andersen to discuss about enhanced collaboration on nature conservation and sustainable development. In 2016, Forbes placed her on number 52 in their list of the world's 100 most powerful women.

Photo of Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck

7. Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck (1980 - )

With an HPI of 63.45, Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck is the 7th most famous Nepalese Politician.  His biography has been translated into 80 different languages.

Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck (Dzongkha: འཇིགས་མེད་གེ་སར་རྣམ་རྒྱལ་དབང་ཕྱུག་, Wylie: jigs med ge sar rnam rgyal dbang phyug; born 21 February 1980) is Druk Gyalpo or "Dragon King" of the Kingdom of Bhutan. After his father Jigme Singye Wangchuck abdicated the throne in his favor, he became the monarch on 9 December 2006. A public coronation ceremony was held on 6 November 2008, a year that marked 100 years of monarchy in Bhutan.

Photo of Ram Baran Yadav

8. Ram Baran Yadav (1948 - )

With an HPI of 63.31, Ram Baran Yadav is the 8th most famous Nepalese Politician.  His biography has been translated into 53 different languages.

Dr. Ram Baran Yadav (born 4 February 1948) is a Nepali politician and physician who served as the first president of Nepal from 23 July 2008 to 29 October 2015, following the declaration of a republic in 2008. Previously he served as Minister of Health from 1999 to 2001 and general secretary of the Nepali Congress.

Photo of Mahendra of Nepal

9. Mahendra of Nepal (1920 - 1972)

With an HPI of 62.82, Mahendra of Nepal is the 9th most famous Nepalese Politician.  His biography has been translated into 27 different languages.

Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev (Nepali: महेन्द्र वीर विक्रम शाह; 11 June 1920 – 31 January 1972) was King of Nepal from 1955 to 1972. Mahendra was born on 11 June 1920 to King Tribhuvan of Nepal. Although Tribhuvan was nominally king since 1911, the royal family had been held captive in Narayanhity Palace since the rise of the prominent Rana dynasty. In 1940, he married Indra Rajya Lakshmi Devi, daughter of General Hari Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana. Mahendra had three sons, Birendra, Gyanendra, and Dhirendra and three daughters Shanti, Sharada, and Shobha. Crown Princess Indra died in 1950. In 1952, Mahendra married Indra's younger sister, Ratna Rajya Lakshmi Devi. This marriage produced no children as King Mahendra had married on the condition his personal life should not hinder his national duties and the queen agreed to be childless.

Photo of Tribhuvan of Nepal

10. Tribhuvan of Nepal (1906 - 1955)

With an HPI of 61.43, Tribhuvan of Nepal is the 10th most famous Nepalese Politician.  His biography has been translated into 22 different languages.

Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah (Nepali: त्रिभुवन वीर विक्रम शाह; 30 June 1906 – 13 March 1955) was King of Nepal from 11 December 1911 until his death. Born in Kathmandu, the capital city of Nepal, he ascended to the throne at the age of five, upon the death of his father, Prithvi Bir Bikram Shah, and was crowned on 20 February 1913 at the Nasal Chowk, Hanuman Dhoka Palace in Kathmandu, with his mother acting as regent. At the time of his crowning, the position of monarch was largely ceremonial, with the real governing power residing with the Rana family.

Pantheon has 27 people classified as politicians born between 600 BC and 1980. Of these 27, 12 (44.44%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living politicians include Gyanendra of Nepal, Bidhya Devi Bhandari, and Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck. The most famous deceased politicians include Yaśodharā, Janaka, and Prithvi Narayan Shah. As of October 2020, 1 new politicians have been added to Pantheon including Man Mohan Adhikari.

Living Politicians

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Deceased Politicians

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Newly Added Politicians (2020)

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Which Politicians were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 13 most globally memorable Politicians since 1700.