The Most Famous

POLITICIANS from Nepal

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This page contains a list of the greatest Nepalese Politicians. The pantheon dataset contains 15,710 Politicians, 27 of which were born in Nepal. This makes Nepal the birth place of the 79th most number of Politicians behind Kazakhstan and Madagascar.

Top 10

The following people are considered by Pantheon to be the top 10 most legendary Nepalese Politicians of all time. This list of famous Nepalese Politicians is sorted by HPI (Historical Popularity Index), a metric that aggregates information on a biography’s online popularity. Visit the rankings page to view the entire list of Nepalese Politicians.

Photo of Yaśodharā

1. Yaśodharā (-600 - )

With an HPI of 72.29, Yaśodharā is the most famous Nepalese Politician.  Her biography has been translated into 30 different languages on wikipedia.

Yaśodharā (Pali: Yasodharā) was the wife of Prince Siddhartha —till he left his home to become a śramaṇa—the mother of Rāhula, and the sister of Devadatta. She later became a Buddhist Nun and is considered an arahatā. (or Lady Arhat).

Photo of Gyanendra of Nepal

2. Gyanendra of Nepal (1947 - )

With an HPI of 66.53, Gyanendra of Nepal is the 2nd most famous Nepalese Politician.  His biography has been translated into 46 different languages.

Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev (Nepali: ज्ञानेन्द्र शाह; Gyānendra Śāha; born 7 July 1947) reigned as the King of Nepal from 2001 to 2008. As a child, he was briefly king from 1950 to 1951, when his grandfather, Tribhuvan, went into exile in India with the rest of his family. His second reign began after the 2001 Nepalese royal Massacre. He was deposed by the first session of the Constituent Assembly on 28 May 2008, thereby declaring the nation as the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal and abolishing the 240-year reign of the Shah Dynasty. Gyanendra's second reign was marked by constitutional turmoil. His predecessor King Birendra had established a constitutional monarchy in which he delegated policy to a representative government. The growing insurgency of the Nepalese Civil War during King Gyanendra's reign interfered with elections of representatives. After several delays in elections, King Gyanendra suspended the constitution and assumed direct authority in February 2005, asserting that it would be a temporary measure to suppress the Maoist insurgency as the ushering in of democracy in Nepal had led to a fractious, corrupt and incompetent series of government who were successively incapable to deal with the Maoist insurgency. In the face of broad opposition, he restored the previous parliament in April 2006. His reign ended about two years later.

Photo of Janaka

3. Janaka ( - )

With an HPI of 66.14, Janaka is the 3rd most famous Nepalese Politician.  His biography has been translated into 23 different languages.

Janaka was an ancient Indian king of Videha which was located in Mithila region, approximately in the 8th or 7th century BCE,. The rulers of the Videha kingdom were called Janakas. He also appears in epic Ramayana as a father of Sita. His original name was Seeradhwaja and he had a brother named Kushadhwaja. His father's name was Hroshhoroma. King Nimi was the first ruler of the Videha kingdom. Then king Mithi supposed the name Mithila came after him. His son king Janaka(1st), was the first Janaka. Then after three successors came king Devraat and after Devraat the 15th successor was Hroshhoroma. Janaka is revered as being an ideal example of non-attachment to material possessions. He was intensely interested in spiritual discourse and considered himself free from worldly illusions. His interactions with sages and seekers such as Ashtavakra and Sulabha are recorded in ancient texts. His relationship with adopted daughter Sita led her to be called Janaki Mata. The city of Janakpur in Nepal is named for him and daughter Sita. The Videha (or Mithila) kingdom was located between east of Gandaki River, west of Mahananda River, north of Ganga river and south of Himalayas.

Photo of Prithvi Narayan Shah

4. Prithvi Narayan Shah (1723 - 1775)

With an HPI of 64.88, Prithvi Narayan Shah is the 4th most famous Nepalese Politician.  His biography has been translated into 33 different languages.

Maharajadhiraj Prithivi Narayan Shah (1723–1775; Nepali: पृथ्वीनारायण शाह) was the last ruler of the Gorkha Kingdom and first monarch of Kingdom of Nepal (also called Kingdom of Gorkha). Prithvi Narayan Shah started the unification of Nepal.Shah proclaimed the newly unified Kingdom of Nepal as Asal Hindustan ("Real Land of Hindus") due to North India being ruled by the Islamic Mughal rulers. He also referred to the rest of Northern India as Mughlan (Country of Mughals). Prithvi Narayan Shah is commonly, though not formally, considered the Father of the Nation in Nepal.

Photo of Birendra of Nepal

5. Birendra of Nepal (1945 - 2001)

With an HPI of 64.78, Birendra of Nepal is the 5th most famous Nepalese Politician.  His biography has been translated into 38 different languages.

Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev (Nepali: वीरेन्द्र वीर विक्रम शाह) (28 December 1945 – 1 June 2001) was the King of Nepal from 1972 until 2001. The eldest son of King Mahendra, he reigned until his death in the 2001 Nepalese royal massacre.

Photo of Bidhya Devi Bhandari

6. Bidhya Devi Bhandari (1961 - )

With an HPI of 64.26, Bidhya Devi Bhandari is the 6th most famous Nepalese Politician.  Her biography has been translated into 64 different languages.

Bidya Devi Bhandari (Nepali: विद्यादेवी भण्डारी, pronounced [ˈbidjadebi ˈbʱʌɳɖaɾi]; born 19 June 1961) is a Nepalese politician, serving as the 2nd President of Nepal, in office since 28 October 2015. She is the first woman to hold the office in the country. She was elected in a parliamentary vote, receiving 327 votes out of 549 against Kul Bahadur Gurung, the presidential candidate of the Nepali Congress. She previously served as the vice-chairperson of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) and was the chair of the All Nepal Women's Association before being elected president.She previously served as the Minister of Defence, the first woman to hold the office, in the Madhav Kumar Nepal government. She also served as the Minister of Environment and Population in 1997, and has been an active campaigner for environmental awareness and women rights in Nepal. In June 2017, she visited the headquarters of the IUCN in Gland, Switzerland and met with the director general Inger Andersen to discuss about enhanced collaboration on nature conservation and sustainable development. In 2016, Forbes placed her on number 52 in their list of the world's 100 most powerful women.

Photo of Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck

7. Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck (1980 - )

With an HPI of 63.45, Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck is the 7th most famous Nepalese Politician.  His biography has been translated into 80 different languages.

Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck (Dzongkha: འཇིགས་མེད་གེ་སར་རྣམ་རྒྱལ་དབང་ཕྱུག་, Wylie: jigs med ge sar rnam rgyal dbang phyug; born 21 February 1980) is Druk Gyalpo or "Dragon King" of the Kingdom of Bhutan. After his father Jigme Singye Wangchuck abdicated the throne in his favour, he became the monarch on 9 December 2006. A public coronation ceremony was held on 1 November 2008, a year that marked 100 years of monarchy in Bhutan.

Photo of Ram Baran Yadav

8. Ram Baran Yadav (1948 - )

With an HPI of 63.31, Ram Baran Yadav is the 8th most famous Nepalese Politician.  His biography has been translated into 53 different languages.

Dr. Ram Baran Yadav (born 4 February 1948) is a Nepalese politician and physician who served as the first President of Nepal following the declaration of a republic in 2008. He served as the Nepalese President from 23 July 2008 to 29 October 2015. Previously he served as Minister of Health from 1999 to 2001 and general secretary of the Nepali Congress. Yadav also served as Minister of State for Health from 1991 to 1994. He was elected to the House of Representatives in the 1999 election as a candidate of the Nepali Congress, becoming the Minister of Health in the subsequent government.In May 2007, Yadav's residence in Janakpur was attacked by militants of the Janatantrik Terai Mukti Morcha (JTMM). The JTMM put up a seizure notice at the house, hoisted their flags at it and detonated a bomb. Yadav contested from Dhanusa-5 constituency in the April 2008 Constituent Assembly election and won the seat, obtaining 10,392 votes.Yadav was elected as the first President of Nepal in a second round of voting on 21 July 2008. He received 308 out of the 590 votes cast in the Constituent Assembly, defeating Ram Raja Prasad Singh, who had been nominated by the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), in a second round of voting. Yadav was sworn in as President on 23 July 2008. Chief Justice of Nepal Kedar Prasad Giri administered the oath of office and secrecy to Yadav at Shital Niwas, Rastrapati Bhawan. Yadav also administered oath to Vice-President Parmananda Jha.

Photo of Mahendra of Nepal

9. Mahendra of Nepal (1920 - 1972)

With an HPI of 62.82, Mahendra of Nepal is the 9th most famous Nepalese Politician.  His biography has been translated into 27 different languages.

Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev (Nepali: महेन्द्र वीर विक्रम शाह; 11 June 1920 – 31 January 1972) was King of Nepal from 1955 to 1972. Mahendra was born on 11 June 1920 to King Tribhuvan of Nepal. Although Tribhuvan was nominally king since 1911. Mahendra was captive in Narayanhity Royal Palace, virtually a gilded cage. In 1940 he married Indra Rajya Lakshmi Devi, daughter of General Hari Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana. Mahendra had three sons, Birendra, Gyanendra, and Dhirendra and three daughters Shanti, Sharada, and Shobha. Crown Princess Indra died in 1950. In 1952, Mahendra married Indra's younger sister, Ratna Rajya Lakshmi Devi. This marriage produced no children as King Mahendra had married on the condition his personal life shall not hinder his national duties and the to be queen agreed to be childless.

Photo of Tribhuvan of Nepal

10. Tribhuvan of Nepal (1906 - 1955)

With an HPI of 61.43, Tribhuvan of Nepal is the 10th most famous Nepalese Politician.  His biography has been translated into 22 different languages.

Tribhuwan Bir Bikram Shah (Nepali: त्रिभुवन वीर विक्रम शाह; 30 June 1906 – 13 March 1955) was King of Nepal from 11 December 1911 until his death. Born in Kathmandu, the capital city of Nepal, he ascended to the throne at the age of five, upon the death of his father, King Prithvi Bir Bikram Shah, and crowned on 20 February 1913 at the Nasal Chowk, Hanuman Dhoka Palace in Kathmandu, with his mother acting as regent. At the time, however, the position of monarch was mainly titular, with real power in the country residing in the Rana family, which supplied the country with its hereditary prime minister.

Pantheon has 27 people classified as politicians born between 600 BC and 1980. Of these 27, 12 (44.44%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living politicians include Gyanendra of Nepal, Bidhya Devi Bhandari, and Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck. The most famous deceased politicians include Yaśodharā, Janaka, and Prithvi Narayan Shah. As of October 2020, 1 new politicians have been added to Pantheon including Man Mohan Adhikari.

Living Politicians

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Deceased Politicians

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Newly Added Politicians (2020)

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Which Politicians were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 13 most globally memorable Politicians since 1700.