The Most Famous

LINGUISTS from Germany

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This page contains a list of the greatest German Linguists. The pantheon dataset contains 160 Linguists, 28 of which were born in Germany. This makes Germany the birth place of the most number of Linguists.

Top 10

The following people are considered by Pantheon to be the top 10 most legendary German Linguists of all time. This list of famous German Linguists is sorted by HPI (Historical Popularity Index), a metric that aggregates information on a biography’s online popularity. Visit the rankings page to view the entire list of German Linguists.

Photo of Max Müller

1. Max Müller (1823 - 1900)

With an HPI of 79.35, Max Müller is the most famous German Linguist.  His biography has been translated into 50 different languages on wikipedia.

Friedrich Max Müller (German: [ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈmaks ˈmʏlɐ]; 6 December 1823 – 28 October 1900) was a German-born philologist and Orientalist, who lived and studied in Britain for most of his life. He was one of the founders of the western academic disciplines of Indian studies and religious studies ('science of religion', German: Religionswissenschaft). Müller wrote both scholarly and popular works on the subject of Indology. The Sacred Books of the East, a 50-volume set of English translations, was prepared under his direction. He also promoted the idea of a Turanian family of languages.

Photo of Franz Bopp

2. Franz Bopp (1791 - 1867)

With an HPI of 74.60, Franz Bopp is the 2nd most famous German Linguist.  His biography has been translated into 49 different languages.

Franz Bopp (German: [ˈfʁants ˈbɔp]; 14 September 1791 – 23 October 1867) was a German linguist known for extensive and pioneering comparative work on Indo-European languages.

Photo of August Schleicher

3. August Schleicher (1821 - 1868)

With an HPI of 72.93, August Schleicher is the 3rd most famous German Linguist.  His biography has been translated into 40 different languages.

August Schleicher (German: [ˈaʊɡʊst ˈʃlaɪçɐ]; 19 February 1821 – 6 December 1868) was a German linguist. His great work was A Compendium of the Comparative Grammar of the Indo-European Languages in which he attempted to reconstruct the Proto-Indo-European language. To show how Indo-European might have looked, he created a short tale, Schleicher's fable, to exemplify the reconstructed vocabulary and aspects of Indo-European society inferred from it.

Photo of Johann Martin Schleyer

4. Johann Martin Schleyer (1831 - 1912)

With an HPI of 72.23, Johann Martin Schleyer is the 4th most famous German Linguist.  His biography has been translated into 40 different languages.

Martin Schleyer (German: [joˈhan ˈmartiːn ˈʃlaɪ̯ər]; 18 July 1831 – 16 August 1912) was a German Catholic priest who invented the constructed language Volapük. His official name was "Martin Schleyer"; he added the name "Johann" (in honor of his godfather) unofficially.

Photo of Georg Friedrich Grotefend

5. Georg Friedrich Grotefend (1775 - 1853)

With an HPI of 69.33, Georg Friedrich Grotefend is the 5th most famous German Linguist.  His biography has been translated into 27 different languages.

Georg Friedrich Grotefend (9 June 1775 – 15 December 1853) was a German epigraphist and philologist. He is known mostly for his contributions toward the decipherment of cuneiform. Georg Friedrich Grotefend had a son, named Carl Ludwig Grotefend, who played a key role in the decipherment of the Indian Kharoshthi script on the coinage of the Indo-Greek kings, around the same time as James Prinsep, publishing Die unbekannte Schrift der Baktrischen Münzen ("The unknown script of the Bactrian coins") in 1836.

Photo of Johann Christoph Adelung

6. Johann Christoph Adelung (1732 - 1806)

With an HPI of 68.95, Johann Christoph Adelung is the 6th most famous German Linguist.  His biography has been translated into 36 different languages.

Johann Christoph Adelung (8 August 1732 – 10 September 1806) was a German grammarian and philologist.

Photo of Friedrich August Wolf

7. Friedrich August Wolf (1759 - 1824)

With an HPI of 68.57, Friedrich August Wolf is the 7th most famous German Linguist.  His biography has been translated into 25 different languages.

Friedrich August Wolf (German: [vɔlf]; 15 February 1759 – 8 August 1824) was a German Classicist and is considered the founder of modern Philology.

Photo of Michel Bréal

8. Michel Bréal (1832 - 1915)

With an HPI of 67.65, Michel Bréal is the 8th most famous German Linguist.  His biography has been translated into 28 different languages.

Michel Jules Alfred Bréal (French: [miʃɛl bʁeal]; 26 March 1832 – 25 November 1915), French philologist, was born at Landau in Rhenish Palatinate. He is often identified as a founder of modern semantics.

Photo of Vasily Radlov

9. Vasily Radlov (1837 - 1918)

With an HPI of 67.19, Vasily Radlov is the 9th most famous German Linguist.  His biography has been translated into 27 different languages.

Vasily Vasilievich Radlov or Friedrich Wilhelm Radloff (Russian: Васи́лий Васи́льевич Ра́длов; 17 January [O.S. 5 January] 1837 in Berlin – 12 May 1918 in Petrograd) was a German-born Russian founder of Turkology, a scientific study of Turkic peoples. According to Turkologist Johan Vandewalle; he knew all the Turkic languages and dialects as well as German, French, Russian, Greek, Latin, Manchu, Mongolian, Chinese, Arabic, Persian and Hebrew.

Photo of Friedrich Christian Diez

10. Friedrich Christian Diez (1794 - 1876)

With an HPI of 66.41, Friedrich Christian Diez is the 10th most famous German Linguist.  His biography has been translated into 23 different languages.

Friedrich Christian Diez (15 March 1794 – 29 May 1876) was a German philologist. The two works on which his fame rests are the Grammar of the Romance Languages (published 1836–1844), and the Etymological Dictionary of the Romance Languages (1853, and later editions). He spent most of his career at University of Bonn.

Pantheon has 28 people classified as linguists born between 1732 and 1956. Of these 28, 1 (3.57%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living linguists include Jost Gippert. The most famous deceased linguists include Max Müller, Franz Bopp, and August Schleicher. As of October 2020, 6 new linguists have been added to Pantheon including August Immanuel Bekker, Felix Jacoby, and Gerhard Rohlfs.

Living Linguists

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Deceased Linguists

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Newly Added Linguists (2020)

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Which Linguists were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 25 most globally memorable Linguists since 1700.