The following people are considered by Pantheon to be the top 10 most legendary Turkish Historians of all time. This list of famous Turkish Historians is sorted by HPI (Historical Popularity Index), a metric that aggregates information on a biography’s online popularity. Visit the rankings page to view the entire list of Turkish Historians.
With an HPI of 90.91, Herodotus is the most famous Turkish Historian. His biography has been translated into 128 different languages on wikipedia.
Herodotus ( hirr-OD-ə-təs; Greek: Ἡρόδοτος Hēródotos; c. 484 – c. 425 BC) was an ancient Greek historian and geographer from the Greek city of Halicarnassus, part of the Persian Empire (now Bodrum, Turkey). He is known for having written the Histories – a detailed account of the Greco-Persian Wars. Herodotus was the first writer to perform systematic investigation of historical events. He is referred to as "The Father of History", a title conferred on him by the ancient Roman orator Cicero.The Histories primarily cover the lives of prominent kings and famous battles such as Marathon, Thermopylae, Artemisium, Salamis, Plataea, and Mycale. His work deviates from the main topics to provide a cultural, ethnographical, geographical, and historiographical background that forms an essential part of the narrative and provides readers with a wellspring of additional information. Herodotus has been criticized for his inclusion of "legends and fanciful accounts" in his work. The fellow historian Thucydides accused him of making up stories for entertainment. However, Herodotus explained that he reported what he "saw and [what was] told to him". A sizable portion of the Histories has since been confirmed by modern historians and archaeologists.
With an HPI of 78.07, Cassius Dio is the 2nd most famous Turkish Historian. His biography has been translated into 56 different languages.
Lucius Cassius Dio (c. 155 – c. 235), also known as Dio Cassius (Greek: Δίων Κάσσιος Dion Kassios), was a Roman historian and senator of maternal Greek origin. He published 80 volumes of the history on ancient Rome, beginning with the arrival of Aeneas in Italy. The volumes documented the subsequent founding of Rome (753 BC), the formation of the Republic (509 BC), and the creation of the Empire (27 BC), up until 229 AD. Written in Ancient Greek over 22 years, Dio's work covers approximately 1,000 years of history. Many of his 80 books have survived intact, or as fragments, providing modern scholars with a detailed perspective on Roman history.
With an HPI of 76.78, Hecataeus of Miletus is the 3rd most famous Turkish Historian. His biography has been translated into 49 different languages.
Hecataeus of Miletus (; Greek: Ἑκαταῖος ὁ Μιλήσιος; c. 550 BC – c. 476 BC), son of Hegesander, was an early Greek historian and geographer.
With an HPI of 75.39, Arrian is the 4th most famous Turkish Historian. His biography has been translated into 44 different languages.
Arrian of Nicomedia (; Greek: Ἀρριανός Arrianos; Latin: Lucius Flavius Arrianus; c. 86/89 – c. after 146/160 AD) was a Greek historian, public servant, military commander and philosopher of the Roman period.The Anabasis of Alexander by Arrian is considered the best source on the campaigns of Alexander the Great. However, more recently, even though modern scholars have generally preferred Arrian to other extant primary sources, this attitude towards Arrian is beginning to change in the light of studies into Arrian's method.
With an HPI of 73.87, Niketas Choniates is the 5th most famous Turkish Historian. His biography has been translated into 38 different languages.
Niketas or Nicetas Choniates (Greek: Νικήτας Χωνιάτης; c. 1155 – 1217), whose actual surname was Akominatos (Ἀκομινάτος), was a Byzantine Greek government official and historian – like his brother Michael Akominatos, whom he accompanied to Constantinople from their birthplace Chonae (from which came his nickname, "Choniates" meaning "person from Chonae"). Nicetas wrote a history of the Eastern Roman Empire from 1118 to 1207.
With an HPI of 72.60, Ali ibn al-Athir is the 6th most famous Turkish Historian. His biography has been translated into 35 different languages.
Abu al-Hassan Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad ash-Shaybani, better known as Ali 'Izz al-Din Ibn al-Athir al-Jazari (Arabic: علي عز الدین بن الاثیر الجزري) lived 1160–1233) was an Arab or Kurdish historian and biographer who wrote in Arabic and was from the Ibn Athir family. At the age of twenty-one he settled with his father in Mosul to continue his studies, where he devoted himself to the study of history and Islamic tradition.
With an HPI of 72.54, Socrates of Constantinople is the 7th most famous Turkish Historian. His biography has been translated into 34 different languages.
Socrates of Constantinople (c. 380 – after 439), also known as Socrates Scholasticus (Greek: Σωκράτης ὁ Σχολαστικός), was a 5th-century Greek Christian church historian, a contemporary of Sozomen and Theodoret.He is the author of a Historia Ecclesiastica ("Church History", Ἐκκλησιαστική Ἱστορία) which covers the history of late ancient Christianity during the years 305 to 439.
With an HPI of 71.67, Libanius is the 8th most famous Turkish Historian. His biography has been translated into 31 different languages.
Libanius (Greek: Λιβάνιος, Libanios; c. 314 – 392 or 393) was a teacher of rhetoric of the Sophist school in the Eastern Roman Empire. His prolific writings make him one of the best documented teachers of higher education in the ancient world and a critical source of history of the Greek East during the 4th century AD. During the rise of Christian hegemony in the later Roman Empire, he remained unconverted and in religious matters was a pagan Hellene.
With an HPI of 69.99, Ephorus is the 9th most famous Turkish Historian. His biography has been translated into 31 different languages.
Ephorus of Cyme (; Greek: Ἔφορος ὁ Κυμαῖος, Ephoros ho Kymaios; c. 400 – 330 BC) was an ancient Greek historian known for his universal history.
With an HPI of 69.66, Eutropius is the 10th most famous Turkish Historian. His biography has been translated into 34 different languages.
Eutropius (fl. AD 363–387) was a Roman official and historian. His book, Breviarium Historiae Romanae, summarizes events from the founding of Rome in the 8th century BC down to the author's lifetime. Appreciated by later generations for its clear presentation and writing style, the Breviarium can be used as a supplement to more comprehensive Roman historical texts which have survived in fragmentary condition.
Pantheon has 24 people classified as historians born between 550 BC and 1953. Of these 24, 1 (4.17%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living historians include Taner Akçam. The most famous deceased historians include Herodotus, Cassius Dio, and Hecataeus of Miletus. As of October 2020, 2 new historians have been added to Pantheon including Constantine Lascaris and Charles Barbier de Meynard.
484 BC - 425 BC
155 - 235
550 BC - 476 BC
89 - 175
1155 - 1217
1160 - 1233
380 - 440
314 - 393
400 BC - 330 BC
320 - 400
349 - 420
1100 - 1100
Which Historians were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 3 most globally memorable Historians since 1700.