The Most Famous

HISTORIANS from Turkey

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This page contains a list of the greatest Turkish Historians. The pantheon dataset contains 341 Historians, 24 of which were born in Turkey. This makes Turkey the birth place of the 5th most number of Historians behind France and United States.

Top 10

The following people are considered by Pantheon to be the top 10 most legendary Turkish Historians of all time. This list of famous Turkish Historians is sorted by HPI (Historical Popularity Index), a metric that aggregates information on a biography’s online popularity. Visit the rankings page to view the entire list of Turkish Historians.

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1. Herodotus (-484 - -425)

With an HPI of 90.91, Herodotus is the most famous Turkish Historian.  His biography has been translated into 128 different languages on wikipedia.

Herodotus ( hirr-OD-ə-təs; Ancient Greek: Ἡρόδοτος, romanized: Hēródotos, Attic Greek pronunciation: [hɛːródotos]; c. 484 – c. 425 BC) was an ancient Greek writer, geographer and historian born in the Greek city of Halicarnassus, part of the Persian Empire (now Bodrum, Turkey). He is known for having written the Histories – a detailed account of the Greco-Persian Wars. Herodotus was the first writer to do systematic investigation of historical events. He is referred to as "The Father of History", a title conferred on him by the ancient Roman orator Cicero.The Histories primarily covers the lives of prominent kings and famous battles such as Marathon, Thermopylae, Artemisium, Salamis, Plataea, and Mycale. His work deviates from the main topics to provide cultural, ethnographical, geographical, and historiographical background that forms an essential part of the narrative and provides readers with a wellspring of additional information. Herodotus has been criticized for his inclusion of "legends and fanciful accounts" in his work. Fellow historian Thucydides accused him of making up stories for entertainment. In response, Herodotus explained that he reported what he "saw and [what was] told to him." A sizable portion of the Histories has since been confirmed by modern historians and archaeologists.

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2. Cassius Dio (155 - 235)

With an HPI of 78.07, Cassius Dio is the 2nd most famous Turkish Historian.  His biography has been translated into 56 different languages.

Lucius Cassius Dio (c. 155 – c. 235 AD) or Dio Cassius (Greek: Δίων Κάσσιος Dion Kassios) was a Roman statesman and historian of maternal Greek origin. He published 80 volumes of the history on ancient Rome, beginning with the arrival of Aeneas in Italy. The volumes documented the subsequent founding of Rome (753 BC), the formation of the Republic (509 BC), and the creation of the Empire (27 BC), up until 229 AD. Written in Ancient Greek over 22 years, Dio's work covers approximately 1,000 years of history. Many of his 80 books have survived intact, or as fragments, providing modern scholars with a detailed perspective on Roman history.

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3. Hecataeus of Miletus (-550 - -476)

With an HPI of 76.78, Hecataeus of Miletus is the 3rd most famous Turkish Historian.  His biography has been translated into 49 different languages.

Hecataeus of Miletus (; Greek: Ἑκαταῖος ὁ Μιλήσιος; c. 550 BC – c. 476 BC), son of Hegesander, was an early Greek historian and geographer.

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4. Arrian (89 - 175)

With an HPI of 75.39, Arrian is the 4th most famous Turkish Historian.  His biography has been translated into 44 different languages.

Arrian of Nicomedia (; Greek: Ἀρριανός Arrianos; Latin: Lucius Flavius Arrianus; c. 86/89 – c. after 146/160 AD) was a Greek historian, public servant, military commander and philosopher of the Roman period.The Anabasis of Alexander by Arrian is considered the best source on the campaigns of Alexander the Great. However, more recently, even though modern scholars have generally preferred Arrian to other extant primary sources, this attitude towards Arrian is beginning to change in the light of studies into Arrian's method.

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5. Niketas Choniates (1155 - 1217)

With an HPI of 73.87, Niketas Choniates is the 5th most famous Turkish Historian.  His biography has been translated into 38 different languages.

Niketas or Nicetas Choniates (Greek: Νικήτας Χωνιάτης; c. 1155 – 1217), whose actual surname was Akominatos (Ἀκομινάτος), was a Byzantine Greek government official and historian – like his brother Michael Akominatos, whom he accompanied to Constantinople from their birthplace Chonae (from which came his nickname, "Choniates" meaning "person from Chonae"). Nicetas wrote a history of the Eastern Roman Empire from 1118 to 1207.

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6. Ali ibn al-Athir (1160 - 1233)

With an HPI of 72.60, Ali ibn al-Athir is the 6th most famous Turkish Historian.  His biography has been translated into 35 different languages.

Abu al-Hassan Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad ash-Shaybani, better known as Ali 'Izz al-Din Ibn al-Athir al-Jazari (Arabic: علي عز الدین بن الاثیر الجزري‎) (1160-1233) was an Arab or Kurdish historian and biographer who wrote in Arabic and was from the Ibn Athir family. At the age of twenty-one he settled with his father in Mosul to continue his studies, where he devoted himself to the study of history and Islamic tradition.

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7. Socrates of Constantinople (380 - 440)

With an HPI of 72.54, Socrates of Constantinople is the 7th most famous Turkish Historian.  His biography has been translated into 34 different languages.

Socrates of Constantinople (Greek: Σωκράτης ὁ Σχολαστικός; c. 380 – after 439), also known as Socrates Scholasticus, was a 5th-century Greek Christian church historian, a contemporary of Sozomen and Theodoret.He is the author of a Historia Ecclesiastica ("Church History", Ἐκκλησιαστική Ἱστορία) which covers the history of late ancient Christianity during the years 305 to 439.

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8. Libanius (314 - 393)

With an HPI of 71.67, Libanius is the 8th most famous Turkish Historian.  His biography has been translated into 31 different languages.

Libanius (Greek: Λιβάνιος, Libanios; c. 314 – 392 or 393) was a Greek teacher of rhetoric of the Sophist school. During the rise of Christian hegemony in the later Roman Empire, he remained unconverted and in religious matters was a pagan Hellene.

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9. Ephorus (-400 - -330)

With an HPI of 69.99, Ephorus is the 9th most famous Turkish Historian.  His biography has been translated into 31 different languages.

Ephorus of Cyme (; Greek: Ἔφορος ὁ Κυμαῖος, Ephoros ho Kymaios; c. 400 – 330 BC) was an ancient Greek historian known for his universal history.

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10. Eutropius (320 - 400)

With an HPI of 69.66, Eutropius is the 10th most famous Turkish Historian.  His biography has been translated into 34 different languages.

Eutropius (fl. AD 363–387) was a Roman historian.

Pantheon has 24 people classified as historians born between 550 BC and 1953. Of these 24, 1 (4.17%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living historians include Taner Akçam. The most famous deceased historians include Herodotus, Cassius Dio, and Hecataeus of Miletus. As of October 2020, 2 new historians have been added to Pantheon including Constantine Lascaris and Charles Barbier de Meynard.

Living Historians

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Deceased Historians

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Newly Added Historians (2020)

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Which Historians were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 3 most globally memorable Historians since 1700.