Wilhelm Wien

1864 - 1928

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Wilhelm Carl Werner Otto Fritz Franz Wien (German pronunciation: [ˈvɪlhɛlm ˈviːn] ; 13 January 1864 – 30 August 1928) was a German physicist who, in 1893, used theories about heat and electromagnetism to deduce Wien's displacement law, which calculates the emission of a blackbody at any temperature from the emission at any one reference temperature. He also formulated an expression for the black-body radiation, which is correct in the photon-gas limit. His arguments were based on the notion of adiabatic invariance, and were instrumental for the formulation of quantum mechanics. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Wilhelm Wien has received more than 295,713 page views. His biography is available in 88 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 81 in 2019). Wilhelm Wien is the 53rd most popular physicist (down from 51st in 2019), the 72nd most popular biography from Russia (up from 84th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular Russian Physicist.

Wilhelm Wien is most famous for his law, which says that the wavelength of a blackbody radiation is inversely proportional to its temperature.

Memorability Metrics

  • 300k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 72.48

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 88

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 18.12

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.09

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among physicists, Wilhelm Wien ranks 53 out of 851Before him are Frédéric Joliot-Curie, Léon Foucault, Christian Doppler, Barry Barish, William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, and Johannes Diderik van der Waals. After him are Ernst Mach, Gabriel Lippmann, Thomas Young, Charles Édouard Guillaume, Ludwig Boltzmann, and Hermann von Helmholtz.

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Among people born in 1864, Wilhelm Wien ranks 4Before him are Max Weber, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, and Richard Strauss. After him are Maurice Leblanc, Alois Alzheimer, Camille Claudel, Walther Nernst, Hermann Minkowski, Eleftherios Venizelos, Princess Stéphanie of Belgium, and Princess Elisabeth of Hesse and by Rhine. Among people deceased in 1928, Wilhelm Wien ranks 3Before him are Roald Amundsen, and Hendrik Lorentz. After him are Leoš Janáček, Max Scheler, Maria Feodorovna, Emmeline Pankhurst, Édouard-Henri Avril, Pyotr Wrangel, Johannes Fibiger, Theodore William Richards, and Zhang Zuolin.

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In Russia

Among people born in Russia, Wilhelm Wien ranks 72 out of 3,761Before him are Vasily Zaitsev (1915), Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia (1904), Peter II of Russia (1715), Peter Carl Fabergé (1846), Lou Andreas-Salomé (1861), and Stanislav Petrov (1939). After him are Roman Jakobson (1896), Yevgeny Prigozhin (1961), Anna of Russia (1693), Paul Karrer (1889), Andrei Rublev (1360), and Ivan III of Russia (1440).

Among PHYSICISTS In Russia

Among physicists born in Russia, Wilhelm Wien ranks 3Before him are Gustav Kirchhoff (1824), and Andrei Sakharov (1921). After him are Mikhail Lomonosov (1711), Arnold Sommerfeld (1868), Pavel Cherenkov (1904), Igor Kurchatov (1903), Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov (1928), Igor Tamm (1895), Nikolay Basov (1922), Ilya Frank (1908), and Pyotr Kapitsa (1894).