Arnold Sommerfeld

1868 - 1951

Photo of Arnold Sommerfeld

Icon of person Arnold Sommerfeld

Arnold Johannes Wilhelm Sommerfeld, (German: [ˈzɔmɐˌfɛlt]; 5 December 1868 – 26 April 1951) was a German theoretical physicist who pioneered developments in atomic and quantum physics, and also educated and mentored many students for the new era of theoretical physics. He served as doctoral supervisor and postdoc supervisor to seven Nobel Prize winners and supervised at least 30 other famous physicists and chemists. Only J. J. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Arnold Sommerfeld has received more than 739,935 page views. His biography is available in 63 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 60 in 2019). Arnold Sommerfeld is the 116th most popular physicist (down from 88th in 2019), the 141st most popular biography from Russia (down from 127th in 2019) and the 5th most popular Russian Physicist.

Arnold Sommerfeld is most famous for his contributions to quantum mechanics, as well as his work on atomic spectra.

Memorability Metrics

  • 740k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 68.06

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 63

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.75

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.37

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among physicists, Arnold Sommerfeld ranks 116 out of 851Before him are Ben Roy Mottelson, Hippolyte Fizeau, Peter Debye, Anders Jonas Ångström, Joseph Henry, and Walter Houser Brattain. After him are Paul Langevin, Joseph von Fraunhofer, K. Alex Müller, James Franck, Isamu Akasaki, and Javier Solana.

Most Popular Physicists in Wikipedia

Go to all Rankings


Among people born in 1868, Arnold Sommerfeld ranks 14Before him are Robert Andrews Millikan, Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria, Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, Emanuel Lasker, Gichin Funakoshi, and Fuad I of Egypt. After him are Florence Foster Jenkins, Peter Behrens, Theodore William Richards, Paul Claudel, Gaston Leroux, and Gustav Meyrink. Among people deceased in 1951, Arnold Sommerfeld ranks 10Before him are Ferdinand Porsche, Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim, Arnold Schoenberg, Abdullah I of Jordan, Wilhelm, German Crown Prince, and René Guénon. After him are Otto Fritz Meyerhof, Hermann Broch, August Horch, Otto Ohlendorf, Alfred Hugenberg, and Maxim Litvinov.

Others Born in 1868

Go to all Rankings

Others Deceased in 1951

Go to all Rankings

In Russia

Among people born in Russia, Arnold Sommerfeld ranks 141 out of 3,761Before him are Dmitry Donskoy (1350), Grand Duchess Tatiana Nikolaevna of Russia (1897), Pyotr Bagration (1765), Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia (1899), Aleksandr Vasilevsky (1895), and Nikolai Lobachevsky (1792). After him are Vladimir Vysotsky (1938), Mily Balakirev (1837), Georgi Plekhanov (1856), Walther Funk (1890), Alexei Kosygin (1904), and Sergey Shoygu (1955).

Among PHYSICISTS In Russia

Among physicists born in Russia, Arnold Sommerfeld ranks 5Before him are Gustav Kirchhoff (1824), Andrei Sakharov (1921), Wilhelm Wien (1864), and Mikhail Lomonosov (1711). After him are Pavel Cherenkov (1904), Igor Kurchatov (1903), Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov (1928), Igor Tamm (1895), Nikolay Basov (1922), Ilya Frank (1908), and Pyotr Kapitsa (1894).