Stephen Hales

1677 - 1761

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Stephen Hales (17 September 1677 – 4 January 1761) was an English clergyman who made major contributions to a range of scientific fields including botany, pneumatic chemistry and physiology. He was the first person to measure blood pressure. He also invented several devices, including a ventilator, a pneumatic trough and a surgical forceps for the removal of bladder stones. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Stephen Hales has received more than 196,974 page views. His biography is available in 30 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 29 in 2019). Stephen Hales is the 351st most popular physicist (down from 308th in 2019), the 1,223rd most popular biography from United Kingdom (down from 1,078th in 2019) and the 42nd most popular British Physicist.

Memorability Metrics

  • 200k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 58.02

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 30

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.92

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.67

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among physicists, Stephen Hales ranks 351 out of 851Before him are Franz Ernst Neumann, Walter A. Shewhart, Leopold Infeld, William Sturgeon, Marguerite Perey, and Moritz von Jacobi. After him are Yakov Zeldovich, Heinrich Geißler, Galileo Ferraris, Auguste Bravais, Georg Wilhelm Richmann, and George Uhlenbeck.

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Among people born in 1677, Stephen Hales ranks 5Before him are Stanisław Leszczyński, Li Ching-Yuen, Françoise Marie de Bourbon, and Jacques Cassini. After him are Johann Ludwig Bach, Pietro Grimani, Nicola Fago, John Augustus, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst, Jan Santini Aichel, Otto Ferdinand von Abensperg und Traun, and Johann Georg, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels. Among people deceased in 1761, Stephen Hales ranks 5Before him are Thomas Bayes, Pieter van Musschenbroek, Archduke Charles Joseph of Austria, and Samuel Richardson. After him are Tarabai, Tokugawa Ieshige, Thomas Simpson, Clemens August of Bavaria, Charlotte Aglaé d'Orléans, John Dollond, and Francesco Feo.

Others Born in 1677

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, Stephen Hales ranks 1,223 out of 8,785Before him are Elizabeth Boleyn, Countess of Wiltshire (1480), Henry Thomas Buckle (1821), David Thewlis (1963), Alasdair Gray (1934), Charles Algernon Parsons (1854), and Black (1962). After him are Dave Evans (1953), Jimmy Savile (1926), James Broun-Ramsay, 1st Marquess of Dalhousie (1812), George Biddell Airy (1801), Robert Stirling (1790), and Ciarán Hinds (1953).

Among PHYSICISTS In United Kingdom

Among physicists born in United Kingdom, Stephen Hales ranks 42Before him are Freeman Dyson (1923), James Jeans (1877), William Whewell (1794), Joseph Swan (1828), John Stewart Bell (1928), and William Sturgeon (1783). After him are Peter Mansfield (1933), Duncan Haldane (1951), John Henry Poynting (1852), John Canton (1718), John Dollond (1706), and Louis Harold Gray (1905).