Sergey Nechayev

1847 - 1882

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Sergey Gennadiyevich Nechayev (Russian: Серге́й Генна́диевич Неча́ев) (2 October [O.S. 20 September] 1847 – 3 December [O.S. 21 November] 1882) was a Russian anarcho-communist, part of the Russian nihilist movement, known for his single-minded pursuit of revolution by any means necessary, including revolutionary terror. Nechayev fled Russia in 1869 after having been involved in the murder of a former comrade—Ivan Ivanov, who disagreed with some actions of Nechayervites. Complicated relationships with fellow revolutionaries caused him to be expelled from the International Workingmen's Association. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Sergey Nechayev has received more than 336,787 page views. His biography is available in 25 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 24 in 2019). Sergey Nechayev is the 156th most popular social activist (down from 133rd in 2019), the 452nd most popular biography from Russia (down from 387th in 2019) and the 9th most popular Russian Social Activist.

Sergey Nechayev was a Russian revolutionary who wrote the Catechism of a Revolutionary. He believed that to be a true revolutionary, one had to be willing to commit any act, even murder, for the sake of the revolution.

Memorability Metrics

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 25

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.43

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.41

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among social activists, Sergey Nechayev ranks 156 out of 840Before him are Paul Schäfer, Guru Ram Das, Klaus Störtebeker, Dmitry Muratov, Jacques Roux, and Gerda Christian. After him are Ales Bialiatski, Yiannis Ritsos, Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya, Rudi Dutschke, Alexander Pechersky, and Mordechai Vanunu.

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Among people born in 1847, Sergey Nechayev ranks 24Before him are Jens Peter Jacobsen, Maria Pia of Savoy, Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo, Bolesław Prus, Catherine Dolgorukov, and Nikolay Zhukovsky. After him are Paul Langerhans, Frits Thaulow, Princess Leopoldina of Brazil, Camille Doncieux, Galileo Ferraris, and John Bates Clark. Among people deceased in 1882, Sergey Nechayev ranks 20Before him are Joseph Liouville, Mary Todd Lincoln, Ignacy Łukasiewicz, Vasily Perov, Ewelina Hańska, and Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald. After him are Henri Giffard, Mikhail Skobelev, Henry Draper, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Princess Maria Pia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, and Pierre Guillaume Frédéric le Play.

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In Russia

Among people born in Russia, Sergey Nechayev ranks 452 out of 3,761Before him are Patriarch Filaret of Moscow (1553), Yaroslav II of Vladimir (1191), Elsa Triolet (1896), Alexander Afanasyev (1826), Dmitry Muratov (1961), and Alexander Sergeyevich Menshikov (1787). After him are Ales Bialiatski (1962), Nikolay Bobrikov (1839), Tsarevich Ivan Ivanovich of Russia (1554), Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya (1923), Yuri Nikulin (1921), and Dmitry Pozharsky (1577).


Among social activists born in Russia, Sergey Nechayev ranks 9Before him are Alexey Stakhanov (1906), Stenka Razin (1630), Alexei Navalny (1976), Witold Pilecki (1901), Aleksandr Ulyanov (1866), and Dmitry Muratov (1961). After him are Ales Bialiatski (1962), Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya (1923), Maria Spiridonova (1884), Vladimir Bukovsky (1942), Ilya Ulyanov (1831), and Grigory Mikhaylovich Semyonov (1890).