Rudolf Virchow

1821 - 1902

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Rudolf Ludwig Carl Virchow (; German: [ˈvɪʁço], also [ˈfɪʁço]; 13 October 1821 – 5 September 1902) was a German physician, anthropologist, pathologist, prehistorian, biologist, writer, editor, and politician. He is known as "the father of modern pathology" and as the founder of social medicine, and to his colleagues, the "Pope of medicine". Virchow studied medicine at the Friedrich Wilhelm University under Johannes Peter Müller. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Rudolf Virchow has received more than 1,795,979 page views. His biography is available in 60 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 56 in 2019). Rudolf Virchow is the 24th most popular physician (down from 23rd in 2019), the 47th most popular biography from Poland (down from 40th in 2019) and the 2nd most popular Polish Physician.

Rudolf Virchow is most famous for his cell theory which states that cells are the basic unit of life. He also believed that disease is caused by changes in cells.

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 60

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.46

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.34

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among physicians, Rudolf Virchow ranks 24 out of 726Before him are Alois Alzheimer, Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, Nestorius, Pedanius Dioscorides, Georgius Agricola, and Li Ching-Yuen. After him are Emil von Behring, Camillo Golgi, Claude Bernard, Paul Ehrlich, Willem Einthoven, and António Egas Moniz.

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Among people born in 1821, Rudolf Virchow ranks 5Before him are Fyodor Dostoevsky, Charles Baudelaire, Gustave Flaubert, and Hermann von Helmholtz. After him are August Schleicher, Lola Montez, Elizabeth Blackwell, Auguste Mariette, Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria, Louis Vuitton, and Richard Francis Burton. Among people deceased in 1902, Rudolf Virchow ranks 5Before him are Émile Zola, Cecil Rhodes, Levi Strauss, and Swami Vivekananda. After him are Samuel Butler, Maria Goretti, Marie Henriette of Austria, Francis, Duke of Cádiz, Richard von Krafft-Ebing, Ion Ivanovici, and Albert of Saxony.

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In Poland

Among people born in Poland, Rudolf Virchow ranks 47 out of 1,694Before him are Irena Sendler (1910), Otto Stern (1888), Bronisław Malinowski (1884), Arthur Rubinstein (1887), Casimir Funk (1884), and Rudolf Clausius (1822). After him are Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768), Krzysztof Kieślowski (1941), Casimir III the Great (1310), Gerhart Hauptmann (1862), Donald Tusk (1957), and Emil von Behring (1854).

Among PHYSICIANS In Poland

Among physicians born in Poland, Rudolf Virchow ranks 2Before him are L. L. Zamenhof (1859). After him are Emil von Behring (1854), Paul Ehrlich (1854), Albert Sabin (1906), Carl Wernicke (1848), Alexander Bogdanov (1873), Magnus Hirschfeld (1868), Leon Pinsker (1821), Bronisława Dłuska (1865), Jan Jesenius (1566), and Albert Ludwig Sigesmund Neisser (1855).