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Muhammad Ahmad

1844 - 1885

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Muhammad Ahmad bin Abdullah bin Fahal (Arabic: محمد أحمد بن عبد الله بن فحل; 12 August 1843 – 21 June 1885) was a Sudanese religious and political leader. In 1881, he claimed to be the Mahdi, and led a successful war against Egyptian rule in Sudan which culminated in a remarkable victory over them in the Siege of Khartoum. He created a vast Islamic state extending from the Red Sea to Central Africa, and founded a movement that remained influential in Sudan a century later.From his announcement of the Mahdist State in June 1881 until its end in 1898, the Mahdi's supporters, the Ansār, established many of its theological and political doctrines. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Muhammad Ahmad has received more than 1,116,485 page views. His biography is available in 43 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 40 in 2019). Muhammad Ahmad is the 538th most popular religious figure (down from 525th in 2019), the 2nd most popular biography from Sudan and the most popular Sudanese Religious Figure.

Muhammad Ahmad was a Sudanese religious leader who founded the Mahdist movement. He led a religious revolution in Sudan that resulted in the overthrow of the Egyptian-Ottoman rule.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.1M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 66.00

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 43

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.42

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.03

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Muhammad Ahmads by language


Among religious figures, Muhammad Ahmad ranks 538 out of 2,238Before him are Abdullah ibn Masud, Bahira, Ramla bint Abi Sufyan, Zaynab bint Khuzayma, Peter Waldo, and Penitent thief. After him are Pope Sergius II, Muadh ibn Jabal, Yusuf al-Qaradawi, Vincent Ferrer, Hasan al-Askari, and Pope Mark.

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Among people born in 1844, Muhammad Ahmad ranks 21Before him are Friedrich Ratzel, Mary Cassatt, Klas Pontus Arnoldson, Pablo de Sarasate, Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, and Menelik II. After him are Friedrich Miescher, Abdur Rahman Khan, Ismail Qemali, Charles-Marie Widor, Charles-Émile Reynaud, and `Abdu'l-Bahá. Among people deceased in 1885, Muhammad Ahmad ranks 4Before him are Victor Hugo, Ulysses S. Grant, and Alfonso XII of Spain. After him are Jens Peter Jacobsen, Ferdinand II of Portugal, Alexander Karađorđević, Prince of Serbia, Carl Spitzweg, L'Inconnue de la Seine, Charles George Gordon, Karl Anton, Prince of Hohenzollern, and Rosalía de Castro.

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In Sudan

Among people born in Sudan, Muhammad Ahmad ranks 2 out of 29Before him are Omar al-Bashir (1944). After him are Luqman (-1100), Josephine Bakhita (1868), Piye (-800), Gaafar Nimeiry (1930), Abdalla Hamdok (1956), John Garang (1945), Hassan Al-Turabi (1932), Abdallahi ibn Muhammad (1846), Ibrahim Abboud (1900), and Abdel Fattah al-Burhan (1960).


Among religious figures born in Sudan, Muhammad Ahmad ranks 1After him are Josephine Bakhita (1868) and Gabriel Zubeir Wako (1941).