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Menelik II

1844 - 1913

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Menelik II (Ge'ez: ዳግማዊ ምኒልክ dagmawi mənilək; horse name Abba Dagnew (Amharic: አባ ዳኘው abba daññäw); 17 August 1844 – 12 December 1913), baptised as Sahle Maryam (ሣህለ ማርያም sahlä maryam) was King of Shewa from 1866 to 1889 and Emperor of Ethiopia from 1889 to his death in 1913. At the height of his internal power and external prestige, the process of territorial expansion and creation of the modern empire-state was completed by 1898.The Ethiopian Empire was transformed under Emperor Menelik: the major signposts of modernisation were put in place, with the assistance of key ministerial advisors. Externally, Menelik led Ethiopian troops against Italian invaders in the First Italo-Ethiopian War; following a decisive victory at the Battle of Adwa, recognition of Ethiopia's independence by external powers was expressed in terms of diplomatic representation at his court and delineation of Ethiopia's boundaries with the adjacent kingdoms. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Menelik II has received more than 1,707,912 page views. His biography is available in 49 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 45 in 2019). Menelik II is the 1,611th most popular politician (down from 1,588th in 2019), the 5th most popular biography from Ethiopia and the 4th most popular Ethiopian Politician.

Menelik II is most famous for being the first emperor of Ethiopia. He was also the son of King Solomon and Queen Makeda, and the father of Emperor Haile Selassie.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.7M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 66.68

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 49

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.91

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.70

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Menelik IIS by language


Among politicians, Menelik II ranks 1,611 out of 15,577Before him are Mohamed Naguib, Amon of Judah, Bernhard von Bülow, Kim Yong-nam, Śuddhodana, and Yoshihide Suga. After him are Damocles, Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow, Emperor Renzong of Song, Djer, Prince Marko, and Bimbisara.

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Among people born in 1844, Menelik II ranks 20Before him are Alexandra of Denmark, Friedrich Ratzel, Mary Cassatt, Klas Pontus Arnoldson, Pablo de Sarasate, and Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. After him are Muhammad Ahmad, Friedrich Miescher, Abdur Rahman Khan, Ismail Qemali, Charles-Marie Widor, and Charles-Émile Reynaud. Among people deceased in 1913, Menelik II ranks 7Before him are Ferdinand de Saussure, Rudolf Diesel, Alfred Russel Wallace, George I of Greece, J. P. Morgan, and Alfred von Schlieffen. After him are Harriet Tubman, Sophia of Nassau, Lesya Ukrainka, Tobias Asser, Tokugawa Yoshinobu, and Josephine Cochrane.

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In Ethiopia

Among people born in Ethiopia, Menelik II ranks 5 out of 89Before him are Haile Selassie (1892), Abebe Bikila (1932), Zewditu (1876), and Mengistu Haile Mariam (1937). After him are Menelik I (-954), Onuphrius (320), Lij Iyasu of Ethiopia (1895), Ismaïl Omar Guelleh (1946), Sahle-Work Zewde (1950), Girma Wolde-Giorgis (1924), and Tewodros II (1818).

Among POLITICIANS In Ethiopia

Among politicians born in Ethiopia, Menelik II ranks 4Before him are Haile Selassie (1892), Zewditu (1876), and Mengistu Haile Mariam (1937). After him are Menelik I (-954), Lij Iyasu of Ethiopia (1895), Ismaïl Omar Guelleh (1946), Sahle-Work Zewde (1950), Girma Wolde-Giorgis (1924), Tewodros II (1818), Meles Zenawi (1955), and Amha Selassie (1916).