Lotte Reiniger

1899 - 1981

Photo of Lotte Reiniger

Icon of person Lotte Reiniger

Charlotte "Lotte" Reiniger (2 June 1899 – 19 June 1981) was a German film director and the foremost pioneer of silhouette animation. Her best known films are The Adventures of Prince Achmed, from 1926, the oldest surviving feature-length animated film, and Papageno (1935). Reiniger is also noted for having devised, from 1923 to 1926, the first form of a multiplane camera, one of the most important devices in pre digital animation. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Lotte Reiniger has received more than 1,011,507 page views. Her biography is available in 35 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 33 in 2019). Lotte Reiniger is the 385th most popular film director (down from 384th in 2019), the 2,072nd most popular biography from Germany (down from 1,991st in 2019) and the 19th most popular German Film Director.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.0M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 56.40

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 35

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.32

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.18

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Lotte Reinigers by language

Over the past year Lotte Reiniger has had the most page views in the with 42,141 views, followed by German (11,133), and Spanish (7,424). In terms of yearly growth of page views the top 3 wikpedia editions are Malagasy (86.76%), Albanian (36.36%), and Indonesian (36.07%)


Among film directors, Lotte Reiniger ranks 385 out of 2,041Before her are Saul Bass, Alexander Korda, Roland Joffé, Joe Dante, Yorgos Lanthimos, and Patrice Leconte. After her are Sam Mendes, Robert Benton, Gerard Damiano, Wolfgang Reitherman, Edward Yang, and Jacques Copeau.

Most Popular Film Directors in Wikipedia

Go to all Rankings


Among people born in 1899, Lotte Reiniger ranks 91Before her are Richard Hauptmann, Haim Arlosoroff, Benjamin Péret, Osman Batur, Veit Harlan, and Hans Swarowsky. After her are Max Simon, Hans Krása, Andrija Artuković, Maria Yudina, Hans Jeschonnek, and Wolf Messing. Among people deceased in 1981, Lotte Reiniger ranks 60Before her are Heinz Kohut, Albert Cohen, Mao Dun, Prince Yasuhiko Asaka, Josep Pla, and Giuseppe Pella. After her are Gunichi Mikawa, Valeri Kharlamov, Gloria Grahame, Natalia Pavlovna Paley, Melvyn Douglas, and D. R. Bendre.

Others Born in 1899

Go to all Rankings

Others Deceased in 1981

Go to all Rankings

In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Lotte Reiniger ranks 2,072 out of 7,253Before her are Johann Nepomuk Maelzel (1772), Wilhelm Adam (1877), Otto Dietrich (1897), Peter Lely (1618), Loriot (1923), and Johann Homann (1664). After her are Tobias Mayer (1723), Bruno Loerzer (1891), Princess Maria Anna of Hesse-Homburg (1785), Judith of Swabia (1054), Princess Isabella of Bavaria (1863), and Princess Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt (1752).


Among film directors born in Germany, Lotte Reiniger ranks 19Before her are Douglas Sirk (1897), Thea von Harbou (1888), Robert Siodmak (1900), Mike Nichols (1931), Gustaf Gründgens (1899), and Veit Harlan (1899). After her are Wolfgang Reitherman (1909), Walter Ruttmann (1887), Oskar Fischinger (1900), Walter Frentz (1907), Alexander Kluge (1932), and Henry Koster (1905).