Julius Axelrod

1912 - 2004

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Julius Axelrod (May 30, 1912 – December 29, 2004) was an American biochemist. He won a share of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1970 along with Bernard Katz and Ulf von Euler. The Nobel Committee honored him for his work on the release and reuptake of catecholamine neurotransmitters, a class of chemicals in the brain that include epinephrine, norepinephrine, and, as was later discovered, dopamine. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Julius Axelrod has received more than 184,840 page views. His biography is available in 54 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 53 in 2019). Julius Axelrod is the 151st most popular chemist (up from 189th in 2019), the 975th most popular biography from United States (up from 1,282nd in 2019) and the 25th most popular American Chemist.

Julius Axelrod is most famous for his work in the field of neuropharmacology. He was the first to isolate and identify the neurotransmitter called dopamine.

Memorability Metrics

  • 180k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 62.78

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 54

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 12.66

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.14

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among chemists, Julius Axelrod ranks 151 out of 602Before him are James Dewar, Jean-Baptiste Dumas, Jaroslav Heyrovský, Arthur Kornberg, Ahmed Zewail, and Edmond H. Fischer. After him are Yves Chauvin, Georg Ernst Stahl, Johann Deisenhofer, George Porter, Kary Mullis, and Karl Barry Sharpless.

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Among people born in 1912, Julius Axelrod ranks 46Before him are Prince Bertil, Duke of Halland, Kim Philby, Tibor Sekelj, Jozef Gabčík, Otto Ernst Remer, and George Emil Palade. After him are Otto Kretschmer, Ghazi of Iraq, Minoru Yamasaki, Patrick White, Lev Gumilyov, and Sonja Henie. Among people deceased in 2004, Julius Axelrod ranks 32Before him are Laura Branigan, Leônidas, Carlos Kleiber, Ingrid Thulin, Sune Bergström, and Estée Lauder. After him are Thomas Klestil, Jerry Goldsmith, Edward B. Lewis, Fanny Blankers-Koen, Andriyan Nikolayev, and John Vane.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Julius Axelrod ranks 975 out of 20,380Before him are John Cassavetes (1929), Lynn Margulis (1938), Bette Midler (1945), Mildred Harris (1901), Joseph Campbell (1904), and Tom Waits (1949). After him are James Horner (1953), Ritchie Valens (1941), John Archibald Wheeler (1911), Richard Dreyfuss (1947), Jonathan Demme (1944), and Marilyn vos Savant (1946).

Among CHEMISTS In United States

Among chemists born in United States, Julius Axelrod ranks 25Before him are Wendell Meredith Stanley (1904), William Howard Stein (1911), Glenn T. Seaborg (1912), Willard Libby (1908), Christian B. Anfinsen (1916), and Arthur Kornberg (1918). After him are Kary Mullis (1944), Karl Barry Sharpless (1941), Jerome Karle (1918), Paul Flory (1910), Robert F. Furchgott (1916), and Robert W. Holley (1922).