Jules A. Hoffmann

1941 - Today

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Jules Alphonse Nicolas Hoffmann (French pronunciation: [ʒyl ɔfman]; born 2 August 1941) is a French biologist. During his youth, growing up in Luxembourg, he developed a strong interest in insects under the influence of his father, Jos Hoffmann. This eventually resulted in the younger Hoffmann's dedication to the field of biology using insects as model organisms. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Jules A. Hoffmann has received more than 160,671 page views. His biography is available in 52 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 50 in 2019). Jules A. Hoffmann is the 98th most popular biologist (down from 72nd in 2019), the 9th most popular biography from Luxembourg and the most popular Luxembourger Biologist.

Hoffmann is most famous for his work in the field of immunology. He was the first to observe that the body's immune system is composed of two parts: the humoral immunity, which is based on antibodies, and the cellular immunity, which is based on the white blood cells.

Memorability Metrics

  • 160k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 62.84

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 52

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.08

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.87

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among biologists, Jules A. Hoffmann ranks 98 out of 1,097Before him are Philip Sclater, Hermann Joseph Muller, John B. Calhoun, Gabriele Falloppio, Ivan Vladimirovich Michurin, and Günter Blobel. After him are Lynn Margulis, Oliver Smithies, John Franklin Enders, Jean Dausset, Nettie Stevens, and Thomas Huckle Weller.

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Among people born in 1941, Jules A. Hoffmann ranks 70Before him are Theodor W. Hänsch, Roberto Carlos, Jürgen Prochnow, Chick Corea, Franco Columbu, and Milan Kučan. After him are Ritchie Valens, Karl Barry Sharpless, Cass Elliot, Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri, Linda McCartney, and Vladimir Voronin.

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In Luxembourg

Among people born in Luxembourg, Jules A. Hoffmann ranks 9 out of 95Before him are John of Bohemia (1296), Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1955), Jean-Claude Juncker (1954), Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (1896), Jacques Santer (1937), and Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1921). After him are Ernst von Mansfeld (1580), Gaston Thorn (1928), Hugo Gernsback (1884), Joseph Bech (1887), Edward Steichen (1879), and Marie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (1894).

Among BIOLOGISTS In Luxembourg

Among biologists born in Luxembourg, Jules A. Hoffmann ranks 1After him are Heinrich Johann Nepomuk von Crantz (1722).