Fred Hoyle

1915 - 2001

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Icon of person Fred Hoyle

Sir Fred Hoyle (24 June 1915 – 20 August 2001) was an English astronomer who formulated the theory of stellar nucleosynthesis and was one of the authors of the influential B2FH paper. He also held controversial stances on other scientific matters—in particular his rejection of the "Big Bang" theory (a term coined by him on BBC Radio) in favor of the "steady-state model", and his promotion of panspermia as the origin of life on Earth. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Fred Hoyle has received more than 1,059,121 page views. His biography is available in 59 different languages on Wikipedia. Fred Hoyle is the 38th most popular astronomer (down from 32nd in 2019), the 423rd most popular biography from United Kingdom (down from 397th in 2019) and the 5th most popular British Astronomer.

Fred Hoyle is most famous for his work in the field of stellar nucleosynthesis. He was also a proponent of the steady-state theory of the universe.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.1M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 65.72

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 59

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.57

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.86

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Fred Hoyles by language

Over the past year Fred Hoyle has had the most page views in the with 117,886 views, followed by Spanish (31,813), and Italian (10,068). In terms of yearly growth of page views the top 3 wikpedia editions are Latvian (111.52%), Piedmontese (78.90%), and Irish (60.58%)


Among astronomers, Fred Hoyle ranks 38 out of 644Before him are Wilhelm Schickard, Martin Ryle, Adolphe Quetelet, Michel Mayor, Jamshīd al-Kāshī, and Arthur Eddington. After him are Robert Woodrow Wilson, Giovanni Schiaparelli, Jan Oort, Sosigenes of Alexandria, Nicolas-Louis de Lacaille, and Jérôme Lalande.

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Among people born in 1915, Fred Hoyle ranks 23Before him are Stanley Matthews, Joachim Peiper, Hu Yaobang, Jerome Bruner, Aung San, and Sviatoslav Richter. After him are Saul Bellow, Curd Jürgens, Charles H. Townes, Les Paul, Robert Hofstadter, and Clifford Shull. Among people deceased in 2001, Fred Hoyle ranks 16Before him are Herbert A. Simon, Léopold Sédar Senghor, Ahmad Shah Massoud, Sabiha Gökçen, Laurent-Désiré Kabila, and Christiaan Barnard. After him are Wilhelm Mohnke, Iannis Xenakis, Gilbert Bécaud, Alberto Korda, Ernst Gombrich, and Douglas Adams.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, Fred Hoyle ranks 423 out of 8,785Before him are Bobby Moore (1941), Christopher Wren (1632), William Godwin (1756), Enid Blyton (1897), Samuel Butler (1835), and Tristan (535). After him are John Everett Millais (1829), John Barry (1933), Bartholomew Roberts (1682), D. H. Lawrence (1885), Gertrude Bell (1868), and John Buchan (1875).

Among ASTRONOMERS In United Kingdom

Among astronomers born in United Kingdom, Fred Hoyle ranks 5Before him are Edmond Halley (1656), Jocelyn Bell Burnell (1943), Martin Ryle (1918), and Arthur Eddington (1882). After him are William Lassell (1799), Antony Hewish (1924), John Flamsteed (1646), James Bradley (1693), Stephen Gray (1666), George Darwin (1845), and Adelard of Bath (1075).