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Catherine de' Medici

1519 - 1589

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Catherine de' Medici (Italian: Caterina de' Medici, pronounced [kateˈriːna de ˈmɛːditʃi]; French: Catherine de Médicis, pronounced [katʁin də medisis]; 13 April 1519 – 5 January 1589) was a Florentine noblewoman born into the Medici family. She was Queen of France from 1547 to 1559 by marriage to King Henry II and the mother of French kings Francis II, Charles IX, and Henry III. The years during which her sons reigned have been called "the age of Catherine de' Medici" since she had extensive, if at times varying, influence in the political life of France.Catherine was born in Florence to Lorenzo de' Medici, Duke of Urbino, and Madeleine de La Tour d'Auvergne. In 1533, at the age of 14, Catherine married Henry, the second son of King Francis I and Queen Claude of France, who would become Dauphin of France upon the death of his elder brother Francis in 1536. Catherine's marriage was arranged by her uncle Pope Clement VII. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Catherine de' Medici has received more than 10,140,675 page views. Her biography is available in 75 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 74 in 2019). Catherine de' Medici is the 6th most popular companion (down from 4th in 2019), the 49th most popular biography from Italy (down from 42nd in 2019) and the most popular Italian Companion.

Catherine de' Medici was a powerful Italian noblewoman who became queen consort of France in 1547 by marrying King Henry II. She was the mother of three kings of France, including Francis II, Charles IX, and Henry III. Catherine was also the last direct descendent of Lorenzo de' Medici, the ruler of Florence.

Memorability Metrics

  • 10M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 79.76

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 75

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.84

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.71

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among companions, Catherine de' Medici ranks 6 out of 673Before her are Nefertiti, Empress Elisabeth of Austria, Anne Boleyn, Catherine of Aragon, and Fatimah. After her are Aisha, Mihrimah Sultan, Nurbanu Sultan, Eva Braun, Helena, and Khadija bint Khuwaylid.

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Among people born in 1519, Catherine de' Medici ranks 1After her are Henry II of France, Pope Innocent IX, Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Gaspard II de Coligny, Francis, Duke of Guise, Occhiali, Isabella Jagiellon, Theodore Beza, Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset, Imagawa Yoshimoto, and Antonis Mor. Among people deceased in 1589, Catherine de' Medici ranks 1After her are Henry III of France, Jacques Clément, Christophe Plantin, Alessandro Farnese, Benedict the Moor, Johannes Sturm, Anna Maria of the Palatinate, Bernard Palissy, Michael Baius, Jean-Antoine de Baïf, and Heo Nanseolheon.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Catherine de' Medici ranks 49 out of 4,668Before her are Pope John XXIII (1881), Gioachino Rossini (1792), Lorenzo de' Medici (1449), Gian Lorenzo Bernini (1598), Mark Antony (-83), and Ötzi (-3345). After her are Pope Gregory I (540), Zeno of Elea (-490), Pope Pius XII (1876), Evangelista Torricelli (1608), Claudio Monteverdi (1567), and Sophia Loren (1934).


Among companions born in Italy, Catherine de' Medici ranks 1After her are Messalina (17), Livia (-58), Zita of Bourbon-Parma (1892), Poppaea Sabina (30), Josephine of Leuchtenberg (1807), Maria Luisa of Parma (1751), Caterina Sforza (1463), Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily (1772), Julia the Elder (-39), Bianca Maria Sforza (1472), and Maria Luisa of Savoy (1688).