Arnold J. Toynbee

1889 - 1975

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Arnold Joseph Toynbee (; 14 April 1889 – 22 October 1975) was an English historian, a philosopher of history, an author of numerous books and a research professor of international history at the London School of Economics and King's College London. From 1918 to 1950, Toynbee was considered a leading specialist on international affairs; from 1929 to 1956 he was the Director of Studies at Chatham House, in which position he also produced 34 volumes of the Survey of International Affairs, a "bible" for international specialists in Britain. He is best known for his 12-volume A Study of History (1934–1961). Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Arnold J. Toynbee has received more than 1,187,816 page views. His biography is available in 58 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 55 in 2019). Arnold J. Toynbee is the 20th most popular historian (down from 18th in 2019), the 194th most popular biography from United Kingdom (down from 189th in 2019) and the most popular British Historian.

Arnold J. Toynbee is most famous for his 12-volume work, A Study of History, which is a detailed analysis of the rise and fall of civilizations.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.2M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 70.70

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 58

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.16

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.17

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Arnold J. Toynbees by language

Over the past year Arnold J. Toynbee has had the most page views in the with 151,137 views, followed by Russian (74,995), and Japanese (27,263). In terms of yearly growth of page views the top 3 wikpedia editions are Mingrelian (379.73%), Kannada (224.66%), and Kurdish (Sorani) (71.26%)


Among historians, Arnold J. Toynbee ranks 20 out of 561Before him are Manetho, Thomas Kuhn, Mircea Eliade, William of Tyre, Cassius Dio, and Johann Joachim Winckelmann. After him are Leopold von Ranke, Procopius, Ibn Kathir, Fernand Braudel, Arrian, and Johan Huizinga.

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Among people born in 1889, Arnold J. Toynbee ranks 12Before him are Jawaharlal Nehru, Jean Cocteau, Edwin Hubble, Paul Karrer, Ante Pavelić, and Anna Akhmatova. After him are Vaslav Nijinsky, Manuel II of Portugal, Igor Sikorsky, Idris of Libya, Gabriel Marcel, and Gabriela Mistral. Among people deceased in 1975, Arnold J. Toynbee ranks 12Before him are Pier Paolo Pasolini, Umm Kulthum, Aristotle Onassis, Otto Skorzeny, Haile Selassie, and Josephine Baker. After him are Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Faisal of Saudi Arabia, Mikhail Bakhtin, Saint-John Perse, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, and George Paget Thomson.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, Arnold J. Toynbee ranks 194 out of 8,785Before him are Thomas Henry Huxley (1825), Saint Ursula (400), Jason Statham (1967), Arthur Henderson (1863), Ken Loach (1936), and Pete Townshend (1945). After him are Mary Wollstonecraft (1759), Charles II of England (1630), William Golding (1911), James Chadwick (1891), John Wycliffe (1324), and Princess Alice of the United Kingdom (1843).

Among HISTORIANS In United Kingdom

Among historians born in United Kingdom, Arnold J. Toynbee ranks 1After him are Bede (672), Edward Gibbon (1737), Bernard Lewis (1916), Henry Thomas Buckle (1821), Thomas Babington Macaulay (1800), C. Northcote Parkinson (1909), Peter Burke (1937), Ian Kershaw (1943), Norman Davies (1939), Arnold Toynbee (1852), and E. P. Thompson (1924).