The Most Famous

POLITICIANS from Switzerland

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This page contains a list of the greatest Swiss Politicians. The pantheon dataset contains 15,710 Politicians, 88 of which were born in Switzerland. This makes Switzerland the birth place of the 32nd most number of Politicians behind Mexico and Norway.

Top 10

The following people are considered by Pantheon to be the top 10 most legendary Swiss Politicians of all time. This list of famous Swiss Politicians is sorted by HPI (Historical Popularity Index), a metric that aggregates information on a biography’s online popularity. Visit the rankings page to view the entire list of Swiss Politicians.

Photo of Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein

1. Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein (1945 - )

With an HPI of 77.64, Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein is the most famous Swiss Politician.  His biography has been translated into 63 different languages on wikipedia.

Hans-Adam II (Johannes Adam Ferdinand Alois Josef Maria Marco d'Aviano Pius; born 14 February 1945) is the reigning prince of Liechtenstein. He is the son of Franz Joseph II, Prince of Liechtenstein (1906–1989) and his wife, Countess Georgina von Wilczek (1921–1989). He also bears the titles Duke of Troppau and Jägerndorf, and Count of Rietberg.

Photo of Jacques Necker

2. Jacques Necker (1732 - 1804)

With an HPI of 76.48, Jacques Necker is the 2nd most famous Swiss Politician.  His biography has been translated into 45 different languages.

Jacques Necker (IPA: [ʒak nɛkɛʁ]; 30 September 1732 – 9 April 1804) was a Genevan banker and statesman who served as finance minister for Louis XVI.Necker held the finance post between July, 1777 and 1781, being "remembered today for taking the unprecedented step in 1781 of making public the country’s budget, a novelty in an absolute monarchy where the state of finances had always been kept a secret." Necker was dismissed within a few months. By 1788 the inexorable compounding of interest on the national debt brought France to a fiscal crisis. Necker was recalled to royal service. When he was dismissed on 11 July 1789, it was a factor in causing the Storming of the Bastille. Within two days Necker was recalled by the king and the assembly. Necker entered France in triumph and tried to accelerate the tax reform process. Faced with the opposition of the Constituent Assembly he resigned in September 1790 to a reaction of general indifference. Necker was a constitutional monarchist, a political economist, and a moralist, who wrote a severe critique of the new principle of equality before the law.

Photo of Albert II, Duke of Austria

3. Albert II, Duke of Austria (1298 - 1358)

With an HPI of 74.05, Albert II, Duke of Austria is the 3rd most famous Swiss Politician.  His biography has been translated into 30 different languages.

Albert II (12 December 1298 – 16 August 1358), known as the Wise or the Lame, a member of the House of Habsburg, was duke of Austria and Styria from 1330, as well as duke of Carinthia and margrave of Carniola from 1335 until his death.

Photo of Rudolf II, Duke of Austria

4. Rudolf II, Duke of Austria (1270 - 1290)

With an HPI of 70.74, Rudolf II, Duke of Austria is the 4th most famous Swiss Politician.  His biography has been translated into 24 different languages.

Rudolf II (c. 1270 – 10 May 1290), a member of the House of Habsburg, was Duke of Austria and Styria from 1282 to 1283, jointly with his elder brother Albert I, who succeeded him.

Photo of Louis, Duke of Savoy

5. Louis, Duke of Savoy (1413 - 1465)

With an HPI of 70.18, Louis, Duke of Savoy is the 5th most famous Swiss Politician.  His biography has been translated into 28 different languages.

Louis I (Ludovico I or Lodovico I in Italian; 24 February 1413 – 29 January 1465) was Duke of Savoy from 1440 until his death in 1465.

Photo of Humbert I, Count of Savoy

6. Humbert I, Count of Savoy (980 - 1047)

With an HPI of 70.14, Humbert I, Count of Savoy is the 6th most famous Swiss Politician.  His biography has been translated into 21 different languages.

Humbert I (Italian: Umberto I; c. 950 – 1042 or 1047 x 1048), better known as Humbert the White-Handed (French: Humbert aux blanches-mains) or Humbert Whitehand (Italian: Umberto Biancamano) was the founder of the House of Savoy. Of obscure origins, his service to the German emperors Henry II and Conrad II was rewarded with the counties of Maurienne and Aosta and lands in Valais, all at the expense of local bishops and archbishops; the territory came to be known as the county of Savoy.

Photo of Simonetta Sommaruga

7. Simonetta Sommaruga (1960 - )

With an HPI of 69.16, Simonetta Sommaruga is the 7th most famous Swiss Politician.  Her biography has been translated into 46 different languages.

Simonetta Myriam Sommaruga (born 14 May 1960) is a Swiss politician who has served as a Member of the Swiss Federal Council since 2010. A member of the Social Democratic Party (SP/PS), she was President of the Swiss Confederation in 2015 and 2020. A former director of the Consumer Protection Foundation, which merged into the Swiss Alliance of Consumer Organisations in 2010, Sommaruga has headed the Federal Department of Environment, Transport, Energy and Communications since 2019, previously heading the Federal Department of Justice and Police (2010–2018). She served as Vice President of Switzerland for 2014 and 2019. Sommaruga assumed the role of President of the Swiss Confederation in 2015, before returning to the position in 2020. She resides in the canton of Bern.

Photo of Judith of Habsburg

8. Judith of Habsburg (1271 - 1297)

With an HPI of 68.48, Judith of Habsburg is the 8th most famous Swiss Politician.  Her biography has been translated into 17 different languages.

Judith of Habsburg (German: Guta; 13 March 1271 – 21 May 1297) was queen of Bohemia and Poland from 1285 until her death as the wife of the Přemyslid king Wenceslaus II.

Photo of Ueli Maurer

9. Ueli Maurer (1950 - )

With an HPI of 68.25, Ueli Maurer is the 9th most famous Swiss Politician.  His biography has been translated into 40 different languages.

Ulrich "Ueli" Maurer (Swiss Standard German: [ˈʊlrɪç ˈmaʊrər]; born 1 December 1950) is a Swiss politician who has served as a Member of the Swiss Federal Council since 2009. A member of the Swiss People's Party (SVP/UDC), he was President of the Swiss Confederation in 2013 and 2019. Formerly head of the Federal Department of Defence, Civil Protection and Sports (2009–2015), Maurer has headed the Federal Department of Finance since 2016. He has been the longest-serving current member of the Federal Council since Doris Leuthard's resignation in 2018. An accountant by occupation, Maurer chaired the Swiss People's Party from 1996 to 2008. Elected by the Swiss Federal Assembly to succeed Federal Councillor Samuel Schmid in 2008, he took office on 1 January 2009. Maurer served as Vice President of Switzerland for 2012 and 2018 and President of Switzerland for 2013 and 2019. He was reelected to the Federal Council in 2011, 2015 (when his party gained one seat) and 2019 (an election which saw all members of the Federal Council reelected).

Photo of Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies

10. Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1867 - 1909)

With an HPI of 67.59, Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies is the 10th most famous Swiss Politician.  Her biography has been translated into 18 different languages.

Princess Maria Teresa Maddalena of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (Full Italian name: Principessa Maria Teresa Maddalena di Borbone delle Due Sicilie) (15 January 1867, Zürich, Switzerland – 1 March 1909, Cannes, France) was the only child of Prince Louis of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Count of Trani (heir apparent of the defunct throne of the Two Sicilies) and his wife Duchess Mathilde Ludovika in Bavaria. Maria Teresa was a member of the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and became a member of the House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and titular Princess of Hohenzollern through her marriage to Prince Wilhelm of Hohenzollern (later Prince of Hohenzollern). She was called Mädi in the family and had a lifelong friendship with her cousin the Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria.

Pantheon has 88 people classified as politicians born between 980 and 1975. Of these 88, 36 (40.91%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living politicians include Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein, Simonetta Sommaruga, and Ueli Maurer. The most famous deceased politicians include Jacques Necker, Albert II, Duke of Austria, and Rudolf II, Duke of Austria. As of October 2020, 27 new politicians have been added to Pantheon including Carl Lutz, Jakob Dubs, and Constant Fornerod.

Living Politicians

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Deceased Politicians

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Newly Added Politicians (2020)

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Which Politicians were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 25 most globally memorable Politicians since 1700.